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Power Quality Analysis Using Relay Recorded Data

Power Quality Analysis Using Relay Recorded Data

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Published by HB
Abstract

Demand for electrical power is increasing everyday. Along with the increase in power demand, the characteristics of the loads are also changing. From being high power consuming, simple, robust loads, today loads are more efficient, but at the same time more sensitive. The performance and life of these highly sensitive loads depend a lot on the quality of power supplied to them.

Power quality is any deviation of the voltage or current waveform from its normal sinusoidal waveshape. These disturbances include, but are not limited to, sag, undervoltage, interruption, swell, overvoltage, transients, harmonics, voltage flicker and any other distortions to the sinusoidal waveform. Occurrence of one or more of such disturbances is called a power quality event. Automatic classification of these disturbances is important for quick determination of the causes and to characterize possible impacts of the disturbances.

Modern microprocessor based protective relays have numerous integrated functions that allow them to provide information on power quality events. It is proposed to utilize the existing numerical relays to analyze the quality of power at any point in the power system. The numerical relays can be programmed to capture the oscillographic waveform or any disturbance on the analogue signal or change of state of the digital signals and store it in the form of Common Format For Transient Data Exchange (COMTRADE) format. These records are then transferred to a central monitoring workstation for off-line analysis.

This thesis describes a technique to automate the classification and analysis of the power quality events using relay recorded data. The technique uses voltage duration and magnitude (as specified in the IEEE Std. 1159 - 1995, IEEE Recommended Practice for Monitoring Electric Power Quality) of three phases to detect and classify the events. The classified results are then presented in a user-friendly graphical form. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is used to estimate the fundamental frequency and harmonic components in power systems. The graphical user interface of the power quality analysis tool is developed using Microsoft Visual C++ IDE and the algorithms are programmed in C++.

The proposed technique was tested using data obtained by simulating different power system disturbances as well as on the data recorded by relays. The algorithms were able to classify the power quality events accurately. In the future, this facility will: enhance the real time monitoring of power quality and provide statistical analysis of available power quality data. From the utility viewpoint, it would allow them to monitor power quality in a cost effective manner and assist in preventive and predictive maintenance besides helping them to fix differential tariff based on the quality of the delivered power. It may also turn out to be a smart tool for them to penalize the consumer polluting the power quality.
Abstract

Demand for electrical power is increasing everyday. Along with the increase in power demand, the characteristics of the loads are also changing. From being high power consuming, simple, robust loads, today loads are more efficient, but at the same time more sensitive. The performance and life of these highly sensitive loads depend a lot on the quality of power supplied to them.

Power quality is any deviation of the voltage or current waveform from its normal sinusoidal waveshape. These disturbances include, but are not limited to, sag, undervoltage, interruption, swell, overvoltage, transients, harmonics, voltage flicker and any other distortions to the sinusoidal waveform. Occurrence of one or more of such disturbances is called a power quality event. Automatic classification of these disturbances is important for quick determination of the causes and to characterize possible impacts of the disturbances.

Modern microprocessor based protective relays have numerous integrated functions that allow them to provide information on power quality events. It is proposed to utilize the existing numerical relays to analyze the quality of power at any point in the power system. The numerical relays can be programmed to capture the oscillographic waveform or any disturbance on the analogue signal or change of state of the digital signals and store it in the form of Common Format For Transient Data Exchange (COMTRADE) format. These records are then transferred to a central monitoring workstation for off-line analysis.

This thesis describes a technique to automate the classification and analysis of the power quality events using relay recorded data. The technique uses voltage duration and magnitude (as specified in the IEEE Std. 1159 - 1995, IEEE Recommended Practice for Monitoring Electric Power Quality) of three phases to detect and classify the events. The classified results are then presented in a user-friendly graphical form. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) is used to estimate the fundamental frequency and harmonic components in power systems. The graphical user interface of the power quality analysis tool is developed using Microsoft Visual C++ IDE and the algorithms are programmed in C++.

The proposed technique was tested using data obtained by simulating different power system disturbances as well as on the data recorded by relays. The algorithms were able to classify the power quality events accurately. In the future, this facility will: enhance the real time monitoring of power quality and provide statistical analysis of available power quality data. From the utility viewpoint, it would allow them to monitor power quality in a cost effective manner and assist in preventive and predictive maintenance besides helping them to fix differential tariff based on the quality of the delivered power. It may also turn out to be a smart tool for them to penalize the consumer polluting the power quality.

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Published by: HB on Mar 14, 2010
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POWER QUALITY ANALYSIS USING RELAYRECORDED DATA
A Thesis Submitted to the College of Graduate Studies and Researchin Partial Fulfillment of the Requirementsfor the Degree of Master of Sciencein the Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatchewanbyHarjit Singh Birdic
Copyright Harjit Singh Birdi, August 2006. All rights reserved.
 
PERMISSION TO USE
In presenting this thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Postgraduate degreefrom the University of Saskatchewan, I agree that the Libraries of this University maymake it freely available for inspection. I further agree that permission for copying of thisthesis in any manner, in whole or in part, for scholarly purposes may be granted by theprofessor or professors who supervised my thesis work or, in their absence, by the Headof the Department or the Dean of the College in which my thesis work was done. Itis understood that any copying or publication or use of this thesis or parts thereof forfinancial gain shall not be allowed without my written permission. It is also understoodthat due recognition shall be given to me and to the University of Saskatchewan in anyscholarly use which may be made of any material in my thesis.Requests for permission to copy or to make other use of material in this thesis in wholeor part should be addressed to:Head of the Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5A9Canadai
 
ABSTRACT
Demand for electrical power is increasing everyday. Along with the increase in powerdemand, the characteristics of the loads are also changing. From being high power con-suming, simple, robust loads, today loads are more efficient, but at the same time moresensitive. The performance and life of these highly sensitive loads depend a lot on thequality of power supplied to them.Power quality is any deviation of the voltage or current waveform from its normalsinusoidal waveshape. These disturbances include, but are not limited to, sag, undervolt-age, interruption, swell, overvoltage, transients, harmonics, voltage flicker and any otherdistortions to the sinusoidal waveform. Occurrence of one or more of such disturbancesis called a power quality event. Automatic classification of these disturbances is impor-tant for quick determination of the causes and to characterize possible impacts of thedisturbances.Modern microprocessor based protective relays have numerous integrated functionsthat allow them to provide information on power quality events. It is proposed to utilizethe existing numerical relays to analyze the quality of power at any point in the powersystem. The numerical relays can be programmed to capture the oscillographic waveformor any disturbance on the analogue signal or change of state of the digital signals andstore it in the form of Common Format For Transient Data Exchange (COMTRADE)format. These records are then transferred to a central monitoring workstation for off-lineanalysis.This thesis describes a technique to automate the classification and analysis of thepower quality events using relay recorded data. The technique uses voltage duration andmagnitude (as specified in the IEEE Std. 1159 - 1995, IEEE Recommended Practice forMonitoring Electric Power Quality) of three phases to detect and classify the events. Theclassified results are then presented in a user-friendly graphical form. Fast Fourier Trans-form (FFT) is used to estimate the fundamental frequency and harmonic components inpower systems. The graphical user interface of the power quality analysis tool is developedusing Microsoft Visual C++ IDE and the algorithms are programmed in C++.The proposed technique was tested using data obtained by simulating different powersystem disturbances as well as on the data recorded by relays. The algorithms were ableto classify the power quality events accurately. In the future, this facility will: enhance thereal time monitoring of power quality and provide statistical analysis of available powerquality data. From the utility viewpoint, it would allow them to monitor power qualityin a cost effective manner and assist in preventive and predictive maintenance besideshelping them to fix differential tariff based on the quality of the delivered power. It mayii

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