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Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing

# Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing

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03/09/2015

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REV. A
GeometricDimensioning &Tolerancing
ASME Y14.5M, 1994

Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing ASME Y14.5M-1994
Page 2 of 102
1. General Rules....................................................32. Geometric Characteristics and Symbols...........83. Datum..............................................................194. Form Tolerance...............................................465. Orientation Tolerance......................................546. Profile Tolerance.............................................657. Runout Tolerance............................................758. Location Tolerance..........................................83

Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing ASME Y14.5M-1994
Page 3 of 102
1. General Rules
1.1. Rule 1 – Limits of Size
1.1.1. Individual Feature of Size
Where only a tolerance of size is specified, the limits of size of an individual featureprescribe the extent to which variations in its geometric form and size are allowed.
1.1.2. Variations of Size
The actual size of an individual feature at any cross-section shall be within thespecified tolerance of size.
1.1.3. Variations of Form (Envelope Principle)
a) The surface or surfaces of a feature shall not extend beyond a boundary (envelope)of perfect form at Maximum Material Condition (MMC). This boundary is the truegeometric form represented by the drawing. No variation in form is permitted if thefeature is produced at its MMC limit of size.
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+0.1-0.1
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20.1(LMC)
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+0.1-0.1
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20.1 (MMC)
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19.9(LMC)
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19.9 (LMC)
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19.9(MMC)
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19.9(MMC)
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20.1 (MMC)
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20.1(LMC)
BOUNDARY OFPERFECT FORMAT MMC
EXTERNAL FEATUREINTERNAL FEATURE
b) Where the actual local size of a feature has departed from MMC toward LeastMaterial Condition (LMC), a variation in form is allowed equal to the amount of suchdeparture.