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COPAR PREENTRY PHASE ✔ Preliminary Social Investigation

COPAR PREENTRY PHASE ✔ Preliminary Social Investigation

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Published by marie
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Published by: marie on Mar 15, 2010
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05/12/2014

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COPARPREENTRY PHASE✔ Preliminary Social Investigation✔ Community consultation✔ Settling of issues/considerations relatedto siteselection✔ Networking with local government units(eg. LGUs, NGOs)ENTRY PHASE✔ Integration with the community✔ Sensitization of the community✔ Continuing social investigation✔ Core group formationDev’t of criteria for selection of coregroup members✔ Defining the roles, functions and tasks of thecore group✔ Coordination, dialogue and consultationwithother community organizationsSelf-awareness and leadership trainingplanningCOMMUNITY STUDY/DIALOGUE PHASE✔ Selection of the research team✔ Training on data collection, methods andtechnique capability building whichincludesdevelopment of data collection tools✔ Planning for the actual gathering of data✔ Data gatheringPrioritization of community needs andproblemsfor actionCOMMUNITY ORGANIZATION & CAPABILITYBUILDING PHASECommunity meetings to draw upguidelines for the organization of CHO✔ Election of officers✔ Development and management systemand procedures including delineation of roles, functions and tasks of officers andmembers of the CHO✔ Team building, action-reflection in faithaction✔ Working out the legal requirements fortheestablishment of the CHOOrganizations of working committees,task groups(like education and training, membership of committees)✔ Training of CHO officers and communityleadersCOMMUNITY ACTION PHASEOrganization of training of communityhealthworkers (CHW’s)
Development of criteria for the selectionof CHW’s
Selection of CHW’s
Training of CHW’sSetting up of linkages and networkreferral SystemsPlanning, implementation of resourcesmobilization schemeSUSTENANCE & STRENGTHENING PHASE✔ Formulation of ratification of constitutionand by lawsIdentification and development of secondary leadersSetting up and institutionalization of financing scheme for community healthprograms and activitiesDevelopment and implementation of viablemanagement system and procedures,committees,continuing education/training of leaders,CHW’sand community residentsContinuing education and upgrading of community leaders, CHW’s and CHOmembers✔ Development of medium and long termcommunity health developmentSALT ACTIVITIES
Initial Introduction
Activity: The community residents are asked tochoose a letter from their name and give aword starting with their chosen letter thatdescribes their personality.Rationale: The activity is done for the participants toget to know themselves better.It is important that we know who we areand what are our strengths andweaknesses in order for us to know otherpeople.
Character Association
A part of SALT wherein you will associateyour character to an object.Instruction:First look for a thing that will suit yourpersonality and explain the relevance toyour character.Rationale:It is to associate yourself with an inanimateobject to describe who you are as a person,
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regardless if you see yourself positively,negatively, or both.
Photo Language
A part of SALT wherein you will pose for 5-10 seconds that describe your personality.APPROACHES TO CHANGE
1. Welfare approach
    
 THE immediate &/or spontaneousresponse to the manifestation of poverty,especially on the personal level
    
ASSUMES that poverty is God-given;destined, hence the poor should accepttheir condition since they will receive their just reward inheavenBELIEVES that poverty is caused by badluck, natural disaster and certaincircumstances which are beyond thecontrol of people
2. Modernization approach
    
ALSO referred to as the projectdevelopment approach
    
INTRODUCES whatever resources arelacking in a given community
    
ALSO considered a national strategywhich adopts the western mode otechnological development
    
ASSUMES that development consists of abandoning the traditionalmethods of doing things and must adoptthe technology of industrial countries
    
BELIEVES that poverty is due to lack of education; lack of resources such as capitaland technology
3. Transformatory/Participatoryapproach
    
 THE process of empowering/transformingthe poor and the oppressed sectors of society so that they can pursue a more justand humane society
    
ASSUMES that poverty is not God-given,rather it is rooted in the historical past andis maintained by the oppressive structuresin society
    
BELIEVES that poverty is caused byprevalence of exploitation, oppression,domination and other unjust structuresLEVELS OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
Level 1
People are just physically involved in theimplementation of the program designedby the organizing program.
Level 2
When the people are involved in makingyes/no decisions to the plan or programpresented by the organizing agency.
Level 3
When working committees are createdfor the community member in makingdecisions throughout the entire problemsolving process.
Level 4
Requires the active involvement of themajority of the community members inmaking decision throughout the problemsolving process. TYPES AND DIFFICULTIES INDECISIONMAKING
THE ONE PERSON DECISION
Only one person’s decision in a particulargroup is always final without reference tothe study.
THE HAND CLASP
In a group meeting, on member may raisea suggestion I which everybody wouldapprove without further questions of thesaid matter.
THE FLOP
In a group meeting, on member may raisea suggestion of a certain matter, butunfortunately not given the time to beheard by everybody in the group.
THE CLIQUE
A small exclusive circle of people whoalways go against the decision approved bythe group they belong. They makefoolishness out of the idea raised by aperson so that there would be no decisionachieved.
MINORITY 
A small group of members in a certainorganization that are very united and whowill make a decision of a certain matterbeyond the knowledge of the othermembers of the organization not belongingto their group.
MAJORITY 
During meetings, it often happens thatthere are twopossible decisions that could be made: Toeliminate the other, the leader may decideto have a voting process, and the highest
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