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Scra Cases

Scra Cases

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SCRA CASES
A. Concept and Origin of the Bill of RightsB. Classification
1. Civil Rights2. Political Rights3. Social and Economic Rights
C. Doctrine of Preferred Freedom (Hierarchy of Rights)
PBM Employees Org. vs. PBM Co., Inc., 51 SCRA 189 (1973)
D. The Fundamental Powers of the State
1. Similarities2. Differences3. Limitations
II.POLICE POWERA. Definition, Scope & BasisB. CharacteristicsC. Who exercises said power?D. Tests of Police Power 
Laws:
Lozano vs. Matinez, 146 SCRA 323 (1986)Del Rosario vs. Bengzon, 180 SCRA 521 (1989)Tablarin vs. Judge Gutierrez, 152 SCRA 730 (1987)
Zoning and Regulatory Ordinances:
Ermita-Malate Hotel & Motel Operators v. City Mayor, 20 SCRA 849 (1967)Sangalang vs. IAC, 176 SCRA 719 (1989)Villanueva vs. Castaneda, 154 SCRA 142 (1987)Cruz vs. Paraz, 123 SCRA 569 (1983)Velasco vs. Villegas, 120 SCRA 568 (1983)Magtajas vs. Pryce Properties, 234 SCRA 255 (1994)Tano v. Socrates, G.R. 110249, August 27, 1997
 Administrative Rules and Regulations
Bautista vs. Junio, 127 SCRA 329 (1984)Taxicab Operators of Metro Manila vs. BOT, 119 SCRA 597 (1982)Anglo-Fil Trading vs. Lazaro, 124 SCRA 494 (1983)
III.EMINENT DOMAINA. DefinitionB. Who exercises the power?
City of Manila vs. Chinese Cemetery of Manila, 40 Phil 349 (1919)Moday v. Court of Appeals, 268 SCRA 368 (1997)
C. Constitutional limitation - Art. II, Sec. 9D. Distinguished from destruction due to necessityE. Objects of Expropriation
RP. v. PLDT, 26 SCRA 620 (1969)
F. Where Expropriation Suit is Filed
Barangay San Roque v. Heirs of Pastor, GR 138896 June 20, 2000
G. Taking
Definition and scope
Requisites
Republic vs. Castelvi, 58 SCRA 336 (1974)City Govt. of Quezon City vs. Ericta, 122 SCRA 759 (1983)
 
Deprivation of Use
Republic vs. Fajardo , 104 Phil.443 (1958)Napocor vs. Gutierrez, 193 SCRA 1 (1991)U.S. v. Causby, 328 U.S. 256 (1946)
Priority in Expropriation
Filstream International v. CA, 284 SCRA 716 (1998)Estate or Heirs of Reyes vs. City of Manila, G.R. No. 132431, February 13, 2004City of Mandaluyong v. Francisco, G.R. No. 137152, January 29, 2001
H. Public use
Heirs of Juancho Ardona vs. Reyes, 125 SCRA 220 (1983)Sumulong vs. Guerrero, 154 SCRA 461 (1987)Province of Camarines Sur vs. CA, 222 SCRA 170 (1993)Manosca v. Court of Appeals, 252 SCRA 412 (1996)Estate of Jimenez v. PEZA, G.R. No. 137285, January 16, 2001
I. Genuine Necessity
Mun. of Meycayauan vs. IAC, 157 SCRA 640 (1988)De Knecht vs. Bautista, 100 SCRA 660 (1980)Republic vs. De Knecht, G.R. 87351, February 12, 1990PPI v. Comelec, 244 SCRA 272 (1995)NHA v. Heirs of Isidro Guivelondo, G.R. No. 154411. June 19, 2003
J. Just Compensation
Defined 
Eslaban v. De Onorio, G.R. No. 146062, June 28, 2001RP vs. IAC, et al., G.R. No. 71176, May 21, 1990City of Cebu v. Spouses Dedamo, G.R. No. 142 971, May 07, 2002
Determination of Just Compensation
EPZA vs. Dulay, 149 SCRA 305 (1987)
When Determined 
Ansaldo vs. Tantuico, G.R. 50147 August 3, 1990NPC v. CA, 254 SCRA 577 (1996)
Manner of Payment 
Assoc.of Small Landowners v. DAR, 175 SCRA 343 (1989)DAR v. CA, 249 SCRA 149 (1995)
Trial with Commissioners
Meralco v. Pineda, 206 SCRA 196 (1992)NPC v. Henson, G.R. No. 129998, December 29, 1998
Legal Interest for Expropriation Cases
NPC v. Angas, 208 SCRA 542 (1992)Republic v. Salem Investment Corp., G.R. 137569 23 June 2000
Writ of Possession
City of Manila v. Oscar Serrano, G.R. No. 142304, June 20, 2001
K. Expropriation of Utilities, Landed Estates and Municipal Property
Art. XII, Sec. 18Art. XIII, Sec. 4Art. XIII, Sec. 9City of Baguio vs. Nawasa, 106 Phil. 114 (1959)Zamboanga del Norte vs. City of Zamboanga, 22 SCRA 1334 (1968)
IV.TAXATIONA. Definition and NatureB. Purpose
 
CIR vs. Algue, Inc., 158 SCRA 9 (1988)Commissioner vs. Makasiar, 177 SCRA 27 (1989)
C. Scope (The power to tax is the power to destroy)D. Who exercises the power?
Art. VI Sec. 28Art. XIV, Sec. 4 (3)Art. X, Sec. 5
Tax Exemptions
YMCA vs. CIR, 33 Phil. 217 (1916)Bishop of Nueva Segovia vs. Provincial Board, 51 Phil. 352 (1927)Lladoc vs. CIR, 14 SCRA 292 (1965)Province of Abra vs. Hernando, 107 SCRA 104 (1981)Abra Valley College vs. Aquino , 162 SCRA 106 (1988)American Bible Society vs. City of Manila, 101 Phil. 386 (1957)
Double Taxation
Punzalan vs. Municipal Board of Manila, 95 Phil.46 (1954)
License Fees
Physical Therapy Org. vs. Mun. Board of Manila, G.R. 10448, August 30, 1957
V.INDIVIDUAL RIGHTSA. DUE PROCESS
Art. III, Sec. IArt. III. Sec. 14 (1)
1. Definition, Nature and Scope2. Purpose of the guaranty
Hurtado v. California, 110 U.S. 516 (1884)
3. Meaning of Life, Liberty, and Property4. Substantive Due Process
Requisites:
Villegas vs. Hu Chong Tsai Pao Ho, 86 SCRA 275 (1978)Rubi vs. Prov. Board of Mindoro, 39 Phil. 660 (1919)Ople v. Torres, 292 SCRA 141. (1998)Lawrence and Garner v. Texas, 539 U.S. __ (2003)Estrada v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148560, November 19, 2001
5. Procedural Due Process
Publication Requirement 
Tanada v. Tuvera, 146 SCRA 446 (1986)PITC v. Angeles, 263 SCRA 421 (1996)Pilipinas Kao v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 105014, December 18, 2001Republic v. Extelcom, G.R. 147096, January 15, 2002
Impartial Court or Tribunal 
Tanada vs. PAEC, 141 SCRA 307 (1986)Anzaldo vs. Clave , 119 SCRA 353 (1982)Tumey vs. Ohio, 273 U.S. 510 (1997)People v. Court of Appeals, 262 SCRA 452 (1996)Tabuena v. Sandiganbayan, 268 SCRA 332 (1997)People v. Medenilla, G.R. No. 131636-39. March 25, 2001
Prejudicial Publicity 
Webb v. De Leon, 247 SCRA 652 (1995)People v. Sanchez, G.R. No. 121039, October 18, 2001
Notice and Hearing:

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