the death of the individual who was its focus. This usually occurs only whenthe ancestor was historically important.
souls or ghosts of ancestors. A belief in ancestral spirits is consistent with thewidespread belief that humans have at least two parts--a physical body and some kindof non-physical spirit. The spirit portion is generally believed to be freed from the bodyby death and continues to exist. Ancestral spirits are often seen as retaining an activeinterest and even membership in their family and society.
androgynousthe characteristic of having a blend of both masculine and femininepersonality characteristics but not strongly either one.
a belief in a supernatural power not part of supernatural beings. For those who hold thisbelief, the power is usually impersonal, unseen, and potentially everywhere. It is neithergood nor evil, but it can be powerful and dangerous if misused.
a belief that natural objects are animated by spirits.This belief can take diverse forms.
Things in nature may all have within them different spirits--each rock, tree, and cloudmay have its own unique spirit. In contrast, all things in nature may be thought of ashaving the same spirit. In both forms of animism, the spirits are thought of as havingidentifiable personalities and other characteristics such as gender.
a feeling of alienation and isolation from all other people, including family and friends.
the broad scientific study of human culture and biology. Anthropologists are interestedin what it is to be human in all of our many different societies around the world todayand in the past. In North American universities, the study of anthropology is usuallydivided into four main sub-disciplines: cultural anthropology,physical
anthropology, archaeology,and linguistics.
anticipatory sororatea cultural pattern in which some sexual permissiveness is allowed between aman and his wife's sister in anticipation of a future marriage between them.This is usually associated with sororal polygyny.