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Crauford Genealogy

Crauford Genealogy

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Published by Jeff Martin
Ancestry of Reginald de Crauford, Sheriff of Ayr.
Ancestry of Reginald de Crauford, Sheriff of Ayr.

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Categories:Types, Research, Genealogy
Published by: Jeff Martin on Mar 16, 2010
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05/17/2010

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CRAUFORD
1. EUDON-
Eudon was the brother of Alan, Duke of Brittany and was involved in a dispute concerning the ducal titlewhich was resolved upon the creation of the title of Count of Brittany.
Issue-
I. Alan Rufus-
II. Alan Niger- d. 1093. Alan and his brother Alan Rufus took part in the Norman invasion of England
 
2III. STEPHEN
- d.c.1135
2III. STEPHEN (EUDON 1)
d.c.1135Stephen succeeded to all the Breton lands that had been divided amoung Eudon's sons. Although Stephenand his brothers are sometimes referred to as "earls of Richmond" they were not earls in the strict sense.
Issue-
 
3I. ALAN NIGER 
-3I ?
ALAN NIGER 
m. _____ d. of Swane, son of Thor Longus, Lord of Tippermuir and grandson of Leofwine of  Northumberland.Supposedly Alan "the black" was the fourth earl of Richmond and received extensive grants of land fromDavid I in Strath Cluyd in Clydesdale which passed to his youngest son Reginald who took the name of Crawford. However, it seems as though Alan Niger, son of Stephen married Bertha, daughter of Conan III,Duke of Brittany and left no surviving sons as the title of count of Richmond passed to his neice Constance.Perhaps Reginald was his son of a mistress? Alan "the black" did have one illegitimate child Robert "Brito"who witnessed a charter dated 1155 of his brother Conan to Kirkstead Abbey where he is referred to as"Roberto fratre comitis". The records of Durham Cathedral gives Throlongus as overlord of Crawford anddoes not mention the Earl of Richmond or Reginald. Reginald is more likely to have been a son of Galfridus or Gualterus de Crawfurd. The early generations of the Crawford family are muddled at best withseveral different lineages found. Unfortunately, I've been unable to find any reference to primary sourceswhich clears up the confusion.Alan seems to have been marked out as the successor to his father's English lands. In 1139 an unnamednephew of his was killed at the King's court by the servants of Roger, Bishop of Salisbury, and of theBishops of Lincoln and Ely, and Alan urged the King to reprisals, thus contributing to the fall of the bishops. In 1140 he seized the castle of "Galclint" with its treasure, ejecting William d'Aubigny andafterwards built a castle at "Hotun," being land of the Bishop of Durham, and ravaged Ripon and the property of the archbishopric of York. In the same year, 1140, King Stephen deprived Reynold deDunstanville, illegitimate son of Henry I, of his lands in Cornwall and, gave the county to Alan, who seemsto have had some claim to it as heir of his uncle Brian. He then assumed the style of Earl of Cornwall. He
91
 
CRAUFORD
fought on the side of Stephen at the battle of Lincoln 2 February 1141 but was put to flight at the outset bythe charge of the "Disinherited." Later in the same year he was taken prisoner by Ranulf, Earl of Chester,who forced him to do homage and to surrender the Earldom of Cornwall to Reynold de Dunstanville. AtChristmas 1141 he was with the King at Canterbury, where as "comes Alanus" he witnessed the King'ssecond charter for Geoffrey de Mandeville. After Easter 1142 a tournament between him and William,Count of Aumale, was stopped by the King. In 1142, he took the castle of Lincoln, with considerabletreasure, from Ranulph, Earl of Chester, by scaling the walls at night. In 1143 he invaded the church of Ripon and insulted Archbishop William at the tomb of St. Wilfred. Alan Niger was described as a mostdeceitful, wicked person, but notwithstanding that character, he appears, like his progenitors, to have been amunificent benefactor to the church. In or shortly before 1145 he issued two charters of confirmation for the abbey of Jervaulx, adding a gift of common of pasture. In 1145 he crossed to Brittany, whence he never returned, and later in the year at Quimper issued a charter confirining the abbey of St. Melaine at Rennes inits rights over the church of St. Sauveur at Guingamp and over their possessions in England. In Brittany heexecuted two other charters, which have survived, one at Rennes on 6 January 1146 and the other atPloërrnel.
Issue-
???
I. REGINALD
- b.c.1165, m.
MARGARET
 
LOUDOUNRef:
 Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages
- Sir Bernard Burke, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London,1883- p. 162, de Dreux, Earls of Richmond
The Complete Peerage
- Vol. X, pp. 788-91
Stephen and Matilda, The Civil War of 1139-53
- James Bradbury, Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd.,Gloucestershire, 1996
 Irish Pedigrees or the Origin and Stem of the Irish Nation
- John O'Hart, James Duffy & Co., Dublin, 1892-Vol. II, p. 138
 Earls & Dukes of Richmond 
- http://dialspace.dial.pipex.com/town/parade/hq69/Pages/h_earl.html
1. REGINALD
 b.c.1165m.
MARGARET
 
LOUDOUN
Reginald was sheriff of Ayr and was a witness with his son Hugh to a charter from Walter the Steward tothe monks of Paisley to the lands of Dalmullin about 1229, to a donation by David de Lindsay to themonastery of Newbattle which was confirmed by King Alexander II in 1232 and with his sons William,John and Adam he witnessed a charter of Hugh de Bygris in 1228/9.(
1
)
92
 
CRAUFORD
Crawford Castle- KilbirnieIssue-
I. William-
II. John- of Craufordjohn
III. Adam-
 
2IV. HUGH
-V. Reginald- parson of Strathaven, Lanarkshire
Ref:
(
1
) Reg. de Passelat- 22; Chart. of Newbattle- 105; Liber St. Marie de Kelso- I, 152"The Scots Peerage"- Vol.V, pp.488-9
2IV. HUGH
(
REGINALD 1
)Hugh was sheriff of Ayr and had a ratification of a charter from Alan of Galloway on 31 May 1226 to thelands of Crosby.(
1
) He had a charter of a third part of Steevenstoun, Ayrshire which Margaret Locard hadsold to him. From John of Samuelstoun he had a charter of all his rights in the lands of Stevenstoun inexchange for his rights in the lands of Cousland in the tenement of Livingstone about 1246.(
2
) He and Johnde Crauford were two of the Scots adhering to King Alexander II on 10 Aug. 1255.(
3
) The envoys however found them puppets of the English and useless to their own King 21 Sept. 1255.(
)
Issue-
 
3I. HUGH
- m.
ALICIA ______ 
 II. Reginald-
Ref:
(
1
) Penes Earl of Loudoun(
2
) Ibid
93

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