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Research study by kennedy

Research study by kennedy

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Published by kennedy14344
Sample research study dealing with health and nursing.
Sample research study dealing with health and nursing.

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Published by: kennedy14344 on Mar 16, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Cancer or “The Big C” is identified as the third leading cause of mortality in the Philippines accounting to 39, 298 cases as of January 11,2007 (Department of Health). Lung cancer ranks among the leadingcauses of mortality where it affects almost 120 patients for every 100,000 population (Philippine Health Statistics, 1994). Hermoso (2007)further identified that lung cancer kills 43 Filipinos everyday regardlessof sex and age.This data proves that as health care providers, there is a need to actto prevent, promote, cure and rehabilitate patients with lung cancer. Nurses caring for lung cancer patients must ensure that these patients areable to cope with their condition to facilitate better physical, emotional,mental, social and spiritual healing.There are many core elements of a nurse in caring for a lungcancer patient. These elements include: communication, information,coordinated care, nursing assessment, patient advocacy, accessibility and
support (Darlison, 2006). Jean Watson's nursing theory as stated is to"gain greater harmony within the mind, body and soul.” Focusing on the patient in a holistic manner and utilizing a caring attitude can have positive reflections throughout all spheres of the patient's well-being, as positive energy is released. Watson's theory of caring is based on tencarative factors and these are: formation of a humanistic-altruisticsystem of values; instillation of faith-hope; cultivation of sensitivity toself and others; development of a helping-trust relationship; promotionand acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings;systematic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decisionmaking; promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning; provision for supportive, protective, and corrective mental, physical, sociocultural,and spiritual environment; assistance with gratification of human needsand; allowance for existential-phenomenological forces. According toWatson, “
nursing is concerned with promoting health, preventing illness, caring for the sick and restoring health
.” Holistic care is theheart of the practice of caring in nursing. While breathlessness andanxiety have been found to be significant reasons why lung cancer 
 patients struggle to cope at home (Summers, 2007), the nurse and other care providers must make sure that these patients do not experience alonger stay in health care institutions than necessary. Aside from theassistance in the provision of quality care to patients, Watson’s caringfactors make the nurse an active co-participant in the patients’ struggletoward self-actualization.Lazarus and Folkman’s concept of coping defines how a personreacts to a stressful event. An individual’s way of coping to stressfulencounters can be assessed based on the cognitive-phenomenologicaltheory of stress and coping by Lazarus and Folkman. For instance,young people uses proportionately more active, interpersonal problem-focused forms of coping than do the older people, while the older peopleuses proportionately more passive, intrapersonal emotion-focused formsof coping than do the younger people (Folkman et.al, 1987) Coping,when considered as a process, is characterized by the dynamics andchanges that are a function of continuous appraisals and reappraisals of the shifting person-environment relationship (Folkman et.al, 1986).

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