it is an organ system specialized primarily to provide oxygen to the blood and remove carbon dioxide from it. It serves for speech and other vocalizations, provides the senseof smell, controls the pH of the body by eliminating carbon dioxide and it helps regulate blood pressure.The principal organs of the respiratory system include the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, andlungs.The respiratory system can be divided into two divisions, the conducting division which is the passage that serves only for air flow (nostrils to bronchioles) and the respiratory division which consistsof the alveoli and other distal gas exchange regions.The respiratory system can also be divided into two tracts, the upper respiratory tract whichserves as the airway from the nose through the larynx (respiratory organs in the head and neck) and thelower respiratory tract which are the regions from the trachea through the lungs
Upper Respiratory Tract
Nose and Nasal Cavity
The nose warms and cleansesinhaled airs. It detects odors in theairstream and it has resonatingchambers that amplifies the voice.
Asyouinhale, small specks of dirt aretrapped by many tiny hairs in your nose. This cleans the air. The hairsstop the dirt from going further inyour body. The moist inside surface in your nose traps even smaller pieces of dirt.The nose extends from the nostrils (anterior nares) to the chronae (posterior nares).
Inside the nose is the nasal cavity which the air passage behind the nose plays animportant role in breathing. The nasal cavity is divided into a right and left passageway(nasal fossae) . The tissue (nasal septum) that covers the wall of your nasal cavitycontains many blood vessels. Heat from the blood in the vessels helps warm the air asyou breath. Moisture is added to the air you breath by special cells in the walls of thenasal cavity. The air is warmed and moistened before it reaches your lungs.