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b7 Transmission lines -comm theorem

b7 Transmission lines -comm theorem

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Published by hafiz azman

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Published by: hafiz azman on Mar 16, 2010
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04/01/2013

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CHAPTER 5TRANSMISSION LINE
ByNur Diyana Kamarudin
 
16 March 20102
un amen a s
oTr 
ansmissi
o
n
L
ines
 
Transmission lines are considered to beimpedance matching circuits designed to deliver power (RF) from the transmitter to the antennaand maximum signal from the antenna to thereceiver.
Nowadays, the transmission line is made of parallel-wire (unbalanced) line and coaxial(unbalanced) line.
It consists of 2-wire line since transmission linefor 
transverse electromagnetic 
TEM
wave
propagation always have 2 conductors.
The characteristic of Transmission Line aredetermined by its electrical properties
:
Conductivity & Insulator Dielectric Constant 
 
Fundamentals
The parallel-wire line is employed where balancedproperties are required: for instance: inconnecting a folded-dipole antenna to a TVreceiver.
The coaxial line is used when unbalancedproperties are needed as in the interconnection of a broadcast transmitter to its grounded antenna.
It is also employed at UHF and microwavefrequencies to avoid the risk of radiation from thetransmission line itself.
Parallel lines are never used in microwaveswhereas coaxial lines may be employed for frequencies up to at least 18GHz.
16 March 20103

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