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07 Commercial Aircraft Design Characteristics

07 Commercial Aircraft Design Characteristics

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Published by: Sudharsant on Mar 16, 2010
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International Industry Working Group
Fifth Edition R1, 2007 
 
COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS-TRENDS AND GROWTH PROJECTIONSNOTICE OF REVISION
The original document was released in March 1969 and the first revision issued in March 1970. Itwas again revised in Oct. 1973 at the time of the fuel embargo. A caution was noted that the impacton these trends could not be assessed at that time.The revision issued in Jan. 1979 reflected the direction in design toward improved fuel efficiency.This trend is expected to continue in the future as noted in areas of wingspan, increased applicationof advanced technology in materials, high lift devises, and increased aerodynamic efficiency.The January 1990 and November 2003 revisions show continuing trend towards improved fuelefficiency, reduced noise and emissions. The development of larger aircraft continues throughderivative stretch models and an all-new double-deck aircraft as the traffic demand continues to rise.The current revision, Fifth edition, was further revised (R1) toinclude new models that reached adesign freeze between 2003 and 2006 and include a new page, Figure 11, Landing Gear Track vs.Fuselage Width.This document can be accessed viahttp://www.boeing.com/airports,http://www.airbusworld.com, andhttp://www1.iata.org/Whip/Public/frmMain_Public.aspx?Wgld=35
PUBLISHED BY INTERNATIONAL INDUSTRY WORKING GROUP (IIWG)January 2007, Fifth Edition (R1)
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INTRODUCTION..........................................................1Typical Forecast.......................................................2PAX AIRCRAFT CAPACITY GROWTH TREND..........4CARGO PAYLOAD GROWTH TREND........................6GROSS WEIGHT CAPACITY GROWTH TREND........8WING GROWTHWingspan Growth Trend..........................................10Wingspan Growth Versus Gross Weight..................12FUSELAGE GROWTHOverall Length Trend...............................................14Overall Length Growth Versus Gross Weight.........16LANDING GEAR GROWTHLanding Gear Track Versus Gross Weight...............18Landing Gear Track Versus Wingspan.....................20Landing Gear Track Versus Fuselage Width............ 22Wheelbase Versus Fuselage Length........................24Main Landing Gear To Pilot’s Eye VersusOverall Length ......................................................26Main Gear Single Wheel Load.................................28TAIL HEIGHT GROWTHTail Height Growth Trend ........................................30Tail Height Versus Gross Weight.............................32FIELD LENGTHTakeoff Field Length................................................34Landing Field Length................................................36TERMINAL / RAMP REQUIREMENTSRamp Area ..............................................................38Door Sill Height........................................................40Cargo Payload Growth Versus Gross Weight..........42Cargo Compartment Door Sill Height Trend.............44Fuel Capacity Growth Trend....................................46Pressure Fueling Rate..............................................48Engine Span Versus Wingspan................................50Engine Ground Clearance Versus OverhangFrom Main Gear ...................................................52ENVIRONMENTAL TRENDSEmission Reduction Trend.......................................54Aircraft Noise Level Trend........................................56ii

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