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Theory of Structures

# Theory of Structures

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04/19/2012

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THEORY OF STRUCTURES
UNIT –V5.1 MASONRY DAMS
Definition: -
A massive concrete or masonry wall constructed across a canal, riveror a valley to retain water on one of its sides for irrigation or powergeneration is called “Masonry Dam”
DERIVATION FOR Max. & Min. STRESS: -
aF.BH hX P.h/3W R
A b/2 F O e E BZB
σ
min
σ
max
- -47

THEORY OF STRUCTURES
a - Top Width of damb - Bottom width of damh - height of water in the damH - height of dam
γ
m
- Specific weight of dam material
γ
w
- Specific weight of waterWater Pressure “P” acting horizontally at h/3 from the bottomLateral water Pressure “p” / unit length of wall
2
2
h P
w
γ
=
Weight of dam “W” / unit length
H ba
m
2)(
+=
γ
This weight acts through the centroid of dam and cuts the base at F at adistance “x”X = AF =
)(3
22
bababa
+++
Let R be the Resultant of “P” & “W”
22
P  R
+=
The Resultant “R” cuts the base at “E” at an eccentricity “e”.e = AE – b/2Take Moment of Forces about EW x EF – P x h/3 = 0
Ph E
3
=
AE = AF + EF
3
h P  X  AE
+=
e = AE – b/2The Vertical Component “W” of the Resultant “R” acting at E producescombined bending and direct stresses at the base of the dam.Bending Moment , M = WeMoment of Inertia , I
yy
= 1 x b
3
/ 12
212
3
b xbWe X  I
yyb
      ==
σ
2
6
bWe
b
=
σ
Area of base section = b x 1
- -48

THEORY OF STRUCTURES
Direct stress,
b A
a
==
σ
σ
max
at Toe B=
σ
a
+
σ
b
=
b
+
2
6
bWe
=
     +
beb
61
σ
min
at Heel “A”

=
σ
a
-
σ
b
=
b
-
2
6
bWe
=
    
beb
61
     ±=
bebor
61)(
minmax
σ  σ
PROBLEMS:
1.
A masonry Trapezoidal dam 4 m height, 1m wide at top and 3 m wide atbottom retain water on its vertical face upto the top. Determine theresultant force and its eccentricity at the base. Weight of the masonry =20 KN/m
3
, Weight of water = 9.81 KN/m
3
. .(178.21KN,0.234 m,78.28,28.37KN/m
2
)
2.
A masonry trapezoidal dam 4 m high, 1m wide at its top and 3m wide atits bottom retains water on its vertical face. Determine the maximum andminimum stresses at the base (a) When the reservoir is Full (b) When thereservoir is empty (78.28, 28.37KN/m
2
, 98.13,8.53KN/m
2
)
ASSIGNMENT
1.
A Concrete dam of trapezoidal section of 15m height retains water on itsvertical face to its full height. The top width of the dam is 3m and its
- -49