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of Commercially Harvested Chanterelle Mushrooms

of Commercially Harvested Chanterelle Mushrooms

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Published by Chuck Achberger
During the last two decades, the chanterelle mushroom harvest from Pacic North-
west forests has become a multimillion dollar industry, yet managers, harvesters,
and scientists lack a current synthesis of information about chanterelles. We dene
chanterelles and then discuss North American species, their place among chante-
relle species around the world, international markets for chanterelles, our current
understanding of the organism, reasons for declining production in parts of Europe,
and efforts to cultivate chanterelles. Shifting focus back to chanterelles of the Pacic
Northwest, we describe our species, regional forest management issues, recent
studies, and future research and monitoring needed to sustain this prized resource.
During the last two decades, the chanterelle mushroom harvest from Pacic North-
west forests has become a multimillion dollar industry, yet managers, harvesters,
and scientists lack a current synthesis of information about chanterelles. We dene
chanterelles and then discuss North American species, their place among chante-
relle species around the world, international markets for chanterelles, our current
understanding of the organism, reasons for declining production in parts of Europe,
and efforts to cultivate chanterelles. Shifting focus back to chanterelles of the Pacic
Northwest, we describe our species, regional forest management issues, recent
studies, and future research and monitoring needed to sustain this prized resource.

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Published by: Chuck Achberger on Mar 17, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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United States
Department of
Agriculture

Forest Service
Paci\ue000 c Northwest
Research Station

General Technical
Report
PNW-GTR-576
March 2003

Ecology and Management
of Commercially Harvested
Chanterelle Mushrooms

David Pilz, Lorelei Norvell, Eric Danell, and
Randy Molina
Note: Some imprinted photos are used in the Web version of this publication.
David Pilz is a faculty research assistant in the Department of Forest Science, Oregon

State University, 321 Richardson Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331-5752; Lorelei Norvell is
adjunct associate professor in biology, Portland State University, and a professional
mycologist and president of Paci\ue000c Northwest Mycology Service, 6720 NW Skyline
Boulevard, Portland, OR 97229-1309; Eric Danell is associate professor, Botany
Section, Museum of Evolution, Uppsala University, Norbyv.16,SE-752 36, Uppsala,
Sweden; Randy Molina is a research botanist, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest
Service, Paci\ue000c Northwest Research Station, Forestry Sciences Laboratory, 3200 SW
Jefferson Way, Corvallis, OR 97331-4401.

Authors
Cover\u2014Colorful Paci\ue000c golden chanterelles (Cantharellus formosus) abound each autumn in

Douglas-\ue000r and western hemlock forests of the Paci\ue000c Northwest. Until recently these avidly collected mushrooms were misidenti\ue000ed as Cantharellus cibarius, the golden chanterelle of fame in Europe and elsewhere. Now properly named, it has been honored as the state mush- room of Oregon, and is sold locally, regionally, nationally, and internationally (\u00a92002 Taylor F. Lockwood).

Pilz, David; Norvell, Lorelei; Danell, Eric; Molina, Randy. 2003. Ecology and

management of commercially harvested chanterelle mushrooms. Gen. Tech. Rep.
PNW-GTR-576. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,
Paci\ue000c Northwest Research Station. 83 p.

During the last two decades, the chanterelle mushroom harvest from Paci\ue000c North-
west forests has become a multimillion dollar industry, yet managers, harvesters,
and scientists lack a current synthesis of information about chanterelles. We de\ue000ne
chanterelles and then discuss North American species, their place among chante-
relle species around the world, international markets for chanterelles, our current
understanding of the organism, reasons for declining production in parts of Europe,
and efforts to cultivate chanterelles. Shifting focus back to chanterelles of the Paci\ue000c
Northwest, we describe our species, regional forest management issues, recent
studies, and future research and monitoring needed to sustain this prized resource.

Keywords: Chanterelle mushrooms, edible mushrooms, ectomycorrhizae, forest
management, nontimber forest products,Cantharellus,Craterellus,Gomphus,
Polyozellus.
Abstract

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