Advantages and Disadvantages of Pump and Compressor
There are relatively inexpensive.2.
They have few moving parts and therefore tend to have greater onstream availabilityand lower maintenance costs than positive displacement pumps3.
There have relatively small space and weight requirements in relation to throughput4.
There are no close clearances in the fluid stream and therefore they can handle liquidscontaining dirt, abrasives, large solids, etc5.
Because there is very little pressure drop and no small clearances between the suctionflange and the impeller ,they can operate at low suction pressure6.
Due to shape of the head capacity curve, centrifugal pumps automatically adjust tochanges in head. Thus capacity can be controlled over a wide range at constant speed.
1. There are only practical for achieving high pressure when they are large flow rates.2. They have low maximum efficiencies when compared to reciprocating pumps.
2. Reciprocating pumps
The efficiency is high regardless of changes in required head. Efficiencies on the order of 85% to 95% are common2.
The efficiency remains high regardless of pump speed, although it tends to decreaseslightly with increasing speed.3.
Reciprocating pumps run at much lower operating speeds than centrifugal pumps andthus are better suited for handling viscous fluids4.
For a given speed the flow rate is constant regardless of head. The pump is limited onlyby the power of the prime mover and the strength of the pump parts