Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
31Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal Pumps

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,150 |Likes:
Published by Jordan Wong

More info:

Published by: Jordan Wong on Mar 18, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/12/2012

pdf

text

original

 
Advantages and Disadvantages of Pump and Compressor
Pumps1.
 
Centrifugal pumps
Advantages
1.
 
There are relatively inexpensive.2.
 
They have few moving parts and therefore tend to have greater onstream availabilityand lower maintenance costs than positive displacement pumps3.
 
There have relatively small space and weight requirements in relation to throughput4.
 
There are no close clearances in the fluid stream and therefore they can handle liquidscontaining dirt, abrasives, large solids, etc5.
 
Because there is very little pressure drop and no small clearances between the suctionflange and the impeller ,they can operate at low suction pressure6.
 
Due to shape of the head capacity curve, centrifugal pumps automatically adjust tochanges in head. Thus capacity can be controlled over a wide range at constant speed.
Disadvantages
1. There are only practical for achieving high pressure when they are large flow rates.2. They have low maximum efficiencies when compared to reciprocating pumps.
2. Reciprocating pumps
Advantages
1.
 
The efficiency is high regardless of changes in required head. Efficiencies on the order of 85% to 95% are common2.
 
The efficiency remains high regardless of pump speed, although it tends to decreaseslightly with increasing speed.3.
 
Reciprocating pumps run at much lower operating speeds than centrifugal pumps andthus are better suited for handling viscous fluids4.
 
For a given speed the flow rate is constant regardless of head. The pump is limited onlyby the power of the prime mover and the strength of the pump parts
 
Disadvantages
1.
 
They have higher maintenance cost and lower availability because pulsating flow andlarge number of moving parts2.
 
There are poorer at handling liquids containing solides that tend to erode valves andseats.3.
 
Because of the pulsating flow and pressure drop through the valves they require largersuction pressures( net positive suction head) at the suction flange to avoid cavitation4.
 
They are heavier in weight and require more space5.
 
Pulsating flow requires special attention to suction and discharge piping design to avoidboth acoustical and mechanical vibrationsDisadvantagesOscillating motion of the plungers creates disturbances(pulsations) that travel at thespeed of sound form the pump cylinder piping system. There pulsations cause thepressure level of the system to fluctuate with respect to time
3
. Rotary pumps
Advantages
1.
 
Required less space2.
 
Deliver relatively pulsation free flow3.
 
Unlike reciprocating and centrifugal pumps, their construction subjects the pumpedfluid to a minimum amount of shear or turbulence
Disadvantages
1.
 
they have close clearance that require that the liquids being pumped have alubricating value, be non corrosive, contain few solid
 
Compressor
1.
 
Reciprocating compressor
Advantage:
1.
 
Can be skid mounted2.
 
Self contained for easily installation and easily moved3.
 
Low cost compared to low speed reciprocating units4.
 
Easily piped for multistage compression5.
 
Size suitable for field gathering offshore and onshore.6.
 
Flexible capacity limits7.
 
Low initial cost
Disadvantages
1.
 
H
igh speed engines are not as fuel efficient as integral engines(4500 to 9000Btu/bhp-hr)2.
 
Medium range compressor efficiency (higher than centrifugal; lower than low-speed)3.
 
Short life compared to low-speed.4.
 
higher maintenance cost than low speed or centrifugal

Activity (31)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
mhegden liked this
Srinivas Bobby liked this
sankarsuper83 liked this
NITINDORLIKAR liked this
NITINDORLIKAR liked this
Jegan Cheng liked this
akm53 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->