Loss Prevention Department, International House26 Creechurch Lane, London EC3A 5BAEmail: firstname.lastname@example.org
UK P&I CLUB
The UK Club’s inspectors frequently find that ships’ mooring arrangements are both ineffective and usedinefficiently, such that mooring lines are subject to unnecessary chafing.In some cases, moorings have resembled “knitting”, suggesting that ships’ personnel have given very littlethought to the vessel’s mooring arrangement and how best to utilise it. When moorings are being deployed,consideration should always be given to using the most suitable leads for ropes, taking into account shoresidefacilities.
A ship’s mooring system is designed to prevent the ship drifting away from the berth and hold her in place inrelation to that berth. The effectiveness of the moorings is dependent upon the configuration of the mooringlines. The security of a ship alongside is not something which happens of its own accord - it requires a goodunderstanding and use of the ship’s equipment. Considerable thought should be given to the configurationof the moorings, so that leads are effective and do not create sharp angles. Consideration should also begiven to the order in which lines are deployed, so as to maintain a safe working environment at all times.The effectiveness of any mooring line or wire is influenced by two angles:
The vertical angle the mooring line forms with the quay:
The horizontal angle the mooring line makes with the parallel side of the ship.The steeper the orientation of a mooring line, the less effective the line will be in resisting the horizontalloading put on it as the vessel moves in relation to the quay. Not all berths lend themselves to ideal leads,depending on ship type/size, and compromises have to be made, but the officer in charge of mooringoperations should always be looking for the best leads for his lines - which aren’t necessarily the shortest.