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JASON - Moletronics

JASON - Moletronics

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Published by Impello_Tyrannis
Molecular Electronics Summary:

The field of molecular electronics, defined as the investigation of electronic transport through
individual molecules, is one of tremendous intellectual excitement. It is premature to speculate
as to where such systems might be useful technologically, because gain at the molecular scale
has not been achieved, and because the field is just reaching the point where seriously testing ,
molecules as electronic devices may be feasible. It is, nevertheless, straightforward to show
that power-dissipation, bit rates, fan-in/out implementations and the need for gain will not
simply scale with size. Exploiting molecular electronics will require understanding the special
properties of molecules and developing implementations tailored to those properties.
Molecular Electronics Summary:

The field of molecular electronics, defined as the investigation of electronic transport through
individual molecules, is one of tremendous intellectual excitement. It is premature to speculate
as to where such systems might be useful technologically, because gain at the molecular scale
has not been achieved, and because the field is just reaching the point where seriously testing ,
molecules as electronic devices may be feasible. It is, nevertheless, straightforward to show
that power-dissipation, bit rates, fan-in/out implementations and the need for gain will not
simply scale with size. Exploiting molecular electronics will require understanding the special
properties of molecules and developing implementations tailored to those properties.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Impello_Tyrannis on Mar 18, 2010
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11/17/2011

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Moletronics
II
Study Leaders:
Nathan
LewisEIlen WilliamsStudy Contributors:Paul AlivisatosSteven BlockWilliam DaIlyAlvin DespainGerald Joyce
Jonathan
KatzJeff KimblePaul McEuenMara PrentissRobert Westervelt
June
2001JSR-00-120
Approved for public release; distribution unlimited
JASON
The
MITRE Corporation
1820 Dolley Madison BoulevardMcLean, Virginia 22102-3481(703) 883-6997
 
Table
of
Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
..........................................................
1I. INTRODUCTION
................................................................
4II. MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS -
Technical
Issues........................
6
I1.A
Analog Molecular Electronics
....................................................
6n.B Digital Molecular Electronics-Technical Issues
................................
7
n.B.l
Power Issues
.....................................................................
11
n.B.l.a Heat dissipation
......................................................
11
n.B.l.b Information
flow...
...
..................
......
......
...
..............
13
n.B.l.c Fan out
.................................................................
15
n.B.l.d. Multi-state device
addressing......................................
17
n.B.2 Architecture
......................................................................
20
n.B.2.a Defects/Configurable logic
..............
............................
20
n.B.2.b. Proposed demonstration logic circuits
............................
21
n.B.2.c. Architecture design requires knowledge of device properties.
23
n.B.3 Molecular Device Properties ...
.........
........................
...............
25
n.B.3.a. Addressing molecules
electrically.............................
....
25
n.B.3.b. Real insulator/resistor
properties..................................
26
n.B.3.c. Real conductors
.....................................................
28
n.B.3.d. Real
diodes..........................................................
29
n.B.4 Performance Diagnostics
...........................
"
..........
..............
30
n.B.5 Understanding Molecular Conductance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
36
n.B.6 Diagnostics for Molecular Devices
............................................
40n.B.7 Notional Molecular
Transistor.................................................
45
n.c.
Models from Organic Electronics. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
48
n.D. Moletronics SummarylRecommendations
...................................
49
III. QUANTUM COMPUTING
..................................................
50
nLA. Basic Problem Approach
...........................
".............................
51
m.B. Research
on
Physical Implementation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
53
m.c.
Error Correction
..................
"
...........................
"
...
......
......
58
IV. QUANTUM COMPUTING SUMMARYIRECOMMENDATIONS
59
APPENDIX
A:
Scaling Analysis
.....................................................
60
APPENDIX
B:
Optical Frequency-based Multi-state Addressing
................
63
iii
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Molecular Electronics and Quantum Computing present very different challenges in thedevelopment
of
their potential for future information technology. In Molecular Electronics, thechallenges revolve around effectively dealing with the potential for a very high density
of
devices. In Quantum Computing, a fairly small number
of
actual devices (bits) is needed,
but
the technical challenges
of
creating and controlling those devices are extreme.
Molecular Electronics Summary
The field
of
molecular electronics, defined as the investigation
of
electronic transport throughindividual molecules, is one
of
tremendous intellectual excitement.
It
is premature to speculateas to where such systems might
be
useful technologically, because gain at the molecular scalehas not been achieved, and because the field is
just
reaching the point where seriously testing ,molecules as electronic devices
may
be
feasible.
It
is, nevertheless, straightforward to showthat power-dissipation, bit rates, fan-in/out implementations and the need for gain will notsimply scale with size. Exploiting molecular electronics will require understanding the specialproperties
of
molecules and developing implementations tailored to those properties.To expedite the development
of
molecular electronics,
we
recommend that both basic researchand demonstration studies in molecular electronics
be
structured to provide standardinformation needed for evaluation and development
of
potential technological applications
of
the field:1) Systematically confirm the relationship between molecular structure and measureddevice properties, using correlated experimental and theoretical work.2) Systematically characterize the contacts between molecular devices and conductorsand their impact on achievable device performance, including issues
of
reproducibilityand contact resistance.3) Couple 1) and 2) to routine characterization
of
electrical engineering properties, asnew devices are proposed and demonstrated. Key issues are:
a)
reproducibility
of
fabrication and characterization
of
defect rate in selfassemblyb) switching energy (including consideration
of
contact effects)c) number
of
switching events to failure, identification
of
failure modesd) switching time constant (including consideration
of
contact effects)e) proposal/evaluation
of
circuit applications
1

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