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LMR821

LMR821

Ratings: (0)|Views: 55 |Likes:
Published by Muhammad Shabbir

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Categories:Business/Law, Finance
Published by: Muhammad Shabbir on Mar 18, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/22/2010

 
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 @wweakmhk Kc+ <0P+ Kc+ <04
Bhwgreoh m`dcr j`ocr j`qw ek nh qcrf3 H~|j`ek beiihrhkgn`r`ghrewegw ci \`few`ke J`ocr j`q3J`ocr j`q 
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hm|jcumhk j`q 
% ew nh ocbu ci j`qw* `bmekewr`eyhrxjekaw* `kb |rhghbhkw qnegn `bbrhww nh jha`j reanw ci* `kb rhwregeckw ck* qcrfeka |hc|jh `kb nher cra`ket`eckw+ @w wxgn* e mhbe`hw m`ku `w|hgw ci nhrhj`eckwne| ohqhhk r`bh xkeckw* hm|jcuhrw `kb hm|jcuhhw+Rnhrh `rh qc orc`b g`hacrehw ci j`ocr j`q+
Ierw
* gcjjhgeyh j`ocr j`q rhj`hw c nh re|`reh rhj`eckwne| ohqhhk hm|jcuhh* hm|jcuhr `kb xkeck+
Whgckb
* ekbeyebx`j j`ocr j`q gckghrkw hm|jcuhhw! reanw ` qcrf `kb nrcxannh gckr`g icr qcrf+ Rnh j`ocr mcyhmhk n`w ohhk ekwrxmhk`j ek nh hk`gekaci j`qw |rchgeka j`ocr reanw ek nh 05n `kb ?<n ghkxrehw+ J`ocr reanw n`yh ohhk ekhar`j c nh wcge`j `kb hgckcmeg bhyhjc|mhk wekgh nh ekbxwre`jrhycjxeck+Rnh m`dcr j`ocr j`qw ek nh qcrjb `rh icjjcqeka4
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0+ Gckr`g ci hm|jcumhk
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Gckr`g ci hm|jcumhk
Rnh o`weg ih`xrh ci j`ocr j`q ek `jmcw hyhru gcxkru ew n` nh reanw `kbcojea`eckw ci nh qcrfhr `kb nh hm|jcuhr ohqhhk ckh `kcnhr `rh mhbe`hbnrcxan nh gckr`g ci hm|jcumhk ohqhhk nh qc+ Rnew n`w ohhk nh g`whwekgh nh gcjj`|wh ci ihxb`jewm `kb ew nh gcrh rh`jeu ci mcbhrk hgckcmegrhj`eckw+ M`ku hrmw `kb gckbeeckw ci nh gckr`g `rh ncqhyhr em|jehb ou jhaewj`eck cr gcmmck j`q* ek wxgn ` q`u `w c rhwreg nh irhhbcm ci |hc|jh c`arhh c ghr`ek nekaw ek crbhr c |rchg hm|jcuhhw* `kb i`geje`h ` ijxeb j`ocrm`rfh+ Ek nh X+W+ icr h~`m|jh* m`dcreu ci w`h j`qw `jjcq icr hm|jcumhk c oh /` qejj*/ mh`keka nh hm|jcuhr g`k hrmek`h `k hm|jcuhh ircm ` |cweeck icr`ku rh`wck* wc jcka `w nh rh`wck ew kc `k ejjha`j rh`wck* ekgjxbeka ` hrmek`eckek yecj`eck ci |xojeg |cjegu+
Mekemxm q`ah
Rnhrh m`u oh j`q w`eka nh mekemxm `mcxk n` ` qcrfhr g`k oh |`eb|hr ncxr+ @xwr`je`* G`k`b`* Gnek`* Ohjaexm* Ir`kgh* Arhhgh* Nxka`ru* Ekbe`*Erhj`kb* D`|`k* Fcrh`* Jx~hmocxra* nh Khnhrj`kbw* Khq Th`j`kb* \`r`ax`u*\crxa`j* \cj`kb* _cm`ke`* W|`ek* R`eq`k* nh Xkehb Fekabcm* nh XkehbW`hw `kb cnhrw n`yh j`qw ci new fekb+ Rnh mekemxm q`ah ew xwx`jju beiihrhkircm nh jcqhw q`ah bhhrmekhb ou nh icrghw ci wx||ju `kb bhm`kb ek ` irhhm`rfh* `kb nhrhicrh `gw `w ` |regh ijccr+ H`gn gcxkru whw ew cqk mekemxm q`ah j`qw `kb rhaxj`eckw* `kb qnejh ` m`dcreu ci ekbxwre`jethb gcxkrehw n`w `mekemxm q`ah* m`ku bhyhjc|eka gcxkrehw n`yh kc+
0
 
 Qcrfeka emh
Ohicrh nh Ekbxwre`j _hycjxeck* nh qcrfb`u y`rehb ohqhhk 00 `kb 02ncxrw+ Qen nh arcqn ci ekbxwre`jewm `kb nh ekrcbxgeck ci m`gnekhru*jckahr ncxrw ohg`mh i`r mcrh gcmmck* qen 02‗08 ncxrw oheka nh kcrm* `kb 09kc ` `jj xkgcmmck+ Xwh ci gnejb j`ocr q`w gcmmck|j`gh* cihk ek i`gcrehw+ EkHkaj`kb `kb Wgcj`kb ek 01>>* `ocx qc-nerbw ci |hrwckw qcrfeka ek nh khq  q`hr-|cqhrhb h~ejh i`gcrehw qhrh gnejbrhk+ Rnh hean-ncxr mcyhmhk!wwrxaajh iek`jju jhb c nh ierw j`q ck nh jhkan ci ` qcrfeka b`u* |`wwhb ek 0>77ek Hkaj`kb* jemeeka mekhrw c 0? ncxrw* `kb gnejbrhk c > ncxrw+ Rnh 0<-ncxr b`u  q`w hw`ojewnhb ek 0>2>* `kb wncrhr ncxrw qen nh w`mh |`u qhrh ar`bx`jju `ggh|hb nhrh`ihr+ Rnh 0><? I`gcru @g q`w nh ierw j`ocr j`q ek nh XF+
Nh`jn `kb w`ihu 
 Cnhr j`ocr j`qw ekycjyh w`ihu gckghrkeka qcrfhrw+ Rnh h`rjehw Hkajewni`gcru j`q q`w br`ihb ek 0><? `kb bh`j qen nh w`ihu `kb nh`jn ci gnejbh~ejh qcrfhrw+
 @ke-bewgremek`eck
Rnew gj`xwh mh`kw n`bewgremek`eck `a`ekw hm|jcuhhw ew mcr`jju xk`ggh|`ojh `kb ejjha`j* ck ` y`rehu ci arcxkbw* ek |`regxj`r r`ge`jbewgremek`eck cr wh~ew bewgremek`eck+
Xki`er bewmeww`j
Gckyhkeck kc+ 08> ci nh Ekhrk`eck`j J`ocxr Cra`ket`eck w`hw n` `khm|jcuhh /g`k! oh ierhb qencx `ku jhaeem`h mceyh/ `kb /ohicrh ciihreka nemnh |cwweoejeu c bhihkb nemwhji/+ Rnxw* ck @|rej ?>* ?<<9* `ihr nh xkciiege`jrh|h`j ci nh Irhkgn IerwHm|jcumhk Gckr`g .G\H%* nh Jckadxmh`x.Hwwckkh%
gckwhej bhw |rxb!ncmmhw
.j`ocxr j`q gcxr% dxbahb nh Khq Hm|jcumhkGckr`g .GKH% gckr`ru c ekhrk`eck`j j`q* `kb nhrhicrh/ejjhaeem`h/ `kb /qencx `ku dxrebeg`j y`jxh/+ Rnh gcxr gckwebhrhb n` nhqc-uh`rw |hrecb ci /ierh ` qejj/ .qencx `ku jha`j mceyh% q`w /xkrh`wck`ojh/*`kb gckr`ru c gckyhkeck kc+ 08>* r`eiehb ou Ir`kgh+
Gnejb j`ocr
Gnejb j`ocr ew nh hm|jcumhk ci gnejbrhk xkbhr `k `ah bhhrmekhb ou j`q cr gxwcm+ Rnew |r`gegh ew gckwebhrhb h~|jce`eyh ou m`ku gcxkrehw `kbekhrk`eck`j cra`ket`eckw+ Gnejb j`ocr q`w kc whhk `w ` |rcojhm nrcxancxmcw ci newcru* ckju ohgcmeka ` bew|xhb ewwxh qen nh ohaekkeka ci xkeyhrw`jwgnccjeka `kb nh gckgh|w ci j`ocrhrw! `kb gnejbrhk!w reanw+ Gnejb j`ocr g`k ohi`gcru qcrf* mekeka cr px`rrueka* `aregxjxrh* nhj|eka ek nh |`rhkw! oxwekhww*n`yeka ckh!w cqk wm`jj oxwekhww .icr h~`m|jh whjjeka iccb%* cr bceka cbb dcow+Wcmh gnejbrhk qcrf `w axebhw icr cxreww* wcmhemhw gcmoekhb qen orekaeka ek oxwekhww icr wnc|w `kb rhw`xr`kw .qnhrh nhu m`u `jwc qcrf `w q`ehrw%+ Cnhrgnejbrhk `rh icrghb c bc hbecxw `kb rh|heeyh dcow wxgn `w `wwhmojeka oc~hw* cr|cjewneka wnchw+ Ncqhyhr* r`nhr n`k ek i`gcrehw `kb wqh`wnc|w* mcw gnejbj`ocr cggxrw ek nh ekicrm`j whgcr* /whjjeka ck nh wrhh* ` qcrf ek `aregxjxrh crnebbhk `q`u ek ncxwhw ‒ i`r ircm nh rh`gn ci ciiege`j ekw|hgcrw `kb ircm mhbe`wgrxeku+/
GN@_@GRH_EWREGW CI \@FEWR@KE J@OC_ J@Q 
Rnh Gckwexeck ci \`few`k gck`ekw ` r`kah ci |rcyeweckw qen rha`rbw cj`ocxr reanw icxkb ek \`r EE4 Ixkb`mhk`j _eanw `kb \rekge|jhw ci \cjegu+
 @regjh 00
ci nh Gckwexeck |rcneoew `jj icrmw ci wj`yhru* icrghb j`ocxr `kbgnejb j`ocxr6
 @regjh 01 
|rcyebhw icr ` ixkb`mhk`j rean c h~hrgewh nh irhhbcm ci 
?
 
`wwcge`eck `kb nh rean c icrm xkeckw6
 @regjh 0>
|rcwgreohw nh rean ci ew geethkw c hkhr x|ck `ku j`qixj|rcihwweck cr cggx|`eck `kb c gckbxg `ku j`qixj r`bh cr oxwekhww6
 @regjh ?8
j`uw bcqk nh rean c hpx`jeu ohicrh nh j`q `kb |rcneoeeck ci bewgremek`eck ck nh arcxkbw ci wh~ `jckh6
 @regjh 71.h%
m`fhw |rcyeweck icr whgxreka dxw `kb nxm`kh gckbeeckw ci  qcrf* hkwxreka n` gnejbrhk `kb qcmhk `rh kc hm|jcuhb ek ycg`eckw xkwxehbc nher `ah cr wh~* `kb icr m`hrkeu ohkhiew icr qcmhk ek hm|jcumhk+
J`ocxr Jhaewj`eck
\`few`kw j`ocxr j`qw r`gh nher creaek`eck c jhaewj`eck eknhrehb ircm Ekbe` `nh emh ci |`reeck ci nh Ekbc-\`f wxogckekhk+ Rnh j`qw n`yh hycjyhbnrcxan ` gckekxcxw |rcghww ci re`j c mhh nh wcgec-hgckcmeg gckbeeckw*w`h ci ekbxwre`j bhyhjc|mhk* |c|xj`eck `kb j`ocxr icrgh h~|jcweck* arcqn ci r`bh xkeckw* jhyhj ci jehr`gu* Acyhrkmhk―w gcmmemhk c bhyhjc|mhk `kbwcge`j qhji`rh+ Rc mhh nh `ocyh k`mhb codhgeyhw* nh acyhrkmhk ci nhEwj`meg _h|xojeg ci \`few`k n`w ekrcbxghb ` kxmohr ci j`ocxr |cjegehw* wekgh ewekbh|hkbhkgh c merrcr nh wneiw ek acyhrk`kgh ircm m`re`j j`q c bhmcgr`egacyhrk`kgh+Xkbhr nh Gckwexeck j`ocxr ew rha`rbhb `w ` „gckgxrrhk wxodhg―* qnegn mh`kwn` e ew nh rhw|ckweoejeu ci ocn nh Ihbhr`j `kb \rcyekge`j Acyhrkmhkw+Ncqhyhr* icr nh w`fh ci xkeicrmeu* j`qw `rh hk`ghb ou nh Ihbhr`jAcyhrkmhk* we|xj`eka n` \rcyekge`j Acyhrkmhkw m`u m`fh rxjhw `kbrhaxj`eckw ci nher cqk `ggcrbeka c nh gckbeeckw |rhy`ejeka ek cr icr nhw|hgeieg rhpxerhmhkw ci nh \rcyekghw+ Rnh c`j j`ocxr icrgh ci \`few`k ewgcm|rewhb ci `||rc~em`hju 71+08 mejjeck |hc|jh* qen 21( qenek nh `aregxjxrhwhgcr* 0<+8<( ek nh m`kxi`gxreka ) mekeka whgcr `kb rhm`ekeka 2?+8<( ek y`recxw cnhr |rcihwweckw+
Gckr`g ci Hm|jcumhk
 Qnejh @regjh 0> ci nh Gckwexeck `iicrbw hyhru geethk qen nh rean c hkhrx|ck `ku j`qixj |rcihwweck cr cggx|`eck* `kb c gckbxg `ku j`qixj r`bh cr oxwekhww* nh Ekbxwre`j `kb Gcmmhrge`j Hm|jcumhk .W`kbeka Crbhrw%Crbek`kgh q`w hk`ghb ek 059> c `bbrhww nh rhj`eckwne| ohqhhk hm|jcuhr `kbhm|jcuhh `kb nh gckr`g ci hm|jcumhk+ Rnh Crbek`kgh `||jehw c `jjekbxwre`j `kb gcmmhrge`j hw`ojewnmhkw nrcxancx nh gcxkru hm|jcueka ?<cr mcrh qcrfhrw `kb |rcyebhw icr whgxreu ci hm|jcumhk+ Ek nh g`wh ci qcrfhrwek cnhr hw`ojewnmhkw* bcmhweg whry`kw* i`rm qcrfhrw cr g`wx`j j`ocxrhka`ahb ou gckr`gcrw* nher j`ocxr gckr`gw `rh ahkhr`jju xkqrehk `kb g`k ohhkicrghb nrcxan nh gcxrw ck nh o`wew ci cr`j hyebhkgh cr |`w |r`gegh+Hyhru hm|jcuhr ek `k ekbxwre`j cr gcmmhrge`j hw`ojewnmhk ew rhpxerhb c ewwxh` icrm`j `||cekmhk jhhr ` nh emh ci hm|jcumhk ci h`gn qcrfhr+ Rnhcojea`cru gckhkw ci h`gn j`ocxr gckr`g* ei qrehk* `rh gckiekhb c nh m`ekhrmw `kb gckbeeckw ci hm|jcumhk* k`mhju k`xrh `kb hkxrh ci `||cekmhk*|`u `jjcq`kghw `kb cnhr irekah ohkhiew `bmewweojh* hrmw `kb gckbeeckw ci `||cekmhk+
Rhrmek`eck ci nh Gckr`g
Rnh whryeghw ci ` |hrm`khk qcrfhr g`kkc oh hrmek`hb icr `ku rh`wck cnhrn`k mewgckbxg xkjhww ckh mckn―w kcegh cr q`ahw ek jehx nhrhci n`w ohhkixrkewnhb ou nh hm|jcuhr cr ou nh qcrfhr ei nh cr wnh wc gnccwhw c jh`yh new crnhr whryegh+ Ckh mckn―w q`ahw `rh g`jgxj`hb ck nh o`wew ci nh `yhr`ah q`ahh`rkhb bxreka nh j`w nrhh mcknw ci whryegh+ Cnhr g`hacrehw ci qcrfhrw `rhkc hkejhb c kcegh cr |`u ek jehx ci kcegh+
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