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Published by: venka05084111 on Mar 18, 2010
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09/30/2010

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Download the original attachmentNear Field CommunicationU. Vinay Kumar, Abstract:Near Field Communication or NFC, is a short-range highfrequency wireless communication technology which enables the exchange of data between devices over about a 10 centimeter (around 4 inches) distance.As a short-range wireless connectivity technology, NFC offers safe yet simpleand intuitive communication between electronic devices.Users of NFC-enabled devices can simply point or touch theirdevices to other NFC-enabled elements in the environment to communicatewith them, making application and data usage easy and convenient. WithNFC technology, communication occurs when an NFC- compatible device isbrought within a few centimeters of another NFC device or an NFC tag . Thebig advantage of the short transmission range is that it inhibitseavesdropping on NFC-enabled transactions. NFC technology opens upexciting new usage scenarios for mobile devices.
 
INTRODUCTION“Contactless technology” is the term applied to short-distancecommunications between two devices that are not physically connected.Such devices can communicate peer-to-peer or on a client-server basis andshort-range radio frequency technology. Several varieties of “Contactlesstechnology” exist today. Of most interest to Mobile Network Operators(MNOs) and to third party Service Providers is Near Field Communication(NFC) technology. Near Field Communication (NFC) is a technology forcontactless short-range communication. Based on the Radio FrequencyIdentification (RFID), it uses magnetic field induction to enablecommunication between electronic devices. The number of short-rangeapplications for NFC technology is growing continuously, appearing in allareas of life.Mobile NFC is defined as the combination of contactless serviceswith mobile telephony, based on NFC technology. The mobile phone with ahardware-based secure identity token (the UICC) can provide the idealenvironment for NFC applications. The UICC can replace the physical cardthus optimizing costs for the Service Provider, and offering users a moreconvenient service.
 
WORKINGNFC operates in the standard, globally available 13.56MHzfrequency band. Possible supported data transfer rates are 106, 212 and 424kbps and there is potential for higher data rates. Near Field Communication isbased on inductive-coupling, where loosely coupled inductive circuits sharepower and data over a distance of a few centimeters. The interface can operate in several modes. The modes aredistinguished whether a device creates its own RF field or whether a deviceretrieves the power from the RF field generated by another device. If thedevice generates its own field it is called an active device, otherwise it iscalled a passive device. Active devices usually have a power supply, passivedevices usually don't (e.g. contactless Smart Card). When two devicescommunicate three different configurations are possible.Active Device Passive Device106 kBaud Modified Miller,100% ASK Manchester, 10% ASK 212 kBaud Manchester, 10%ASK Manchester, 10% ASK 424 kBaud Manchester, 10%ASK Manchester, 10% ASK   These configurations are important because the way data istransmitted depends on whether the transmitting device is in active or

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