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Estimation of Total Alkali Content of Soap

Estimation of Total Alkali Content of Soap

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Published by: Nandhan on Mar 18, 2010
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408CHP06
CHEMICAL ANALYSIS LAB 0 0 3 2OBJECTIVE
To learn basic principles involved in estimation and characterization of industriallyimportant materials.I. Soap Analysisa. Estimation of total fatty acid.b. Estimation of percentage alkali content.II. Oil Analysisa.Estimation of free acidb.Determination of Saponification valuec.Determination of iodine valueIII. Cement Analysisa.Estimation of Silica contentb.Estimation of mixed oxide contentc.Estimation calcium oxide contentd.Estimation of calcium oxide by rapid methodIV. Coal Analysisa.Estimation of Sulphur present in coalb.Ultimate analysis of coalc.Proximate analysis of coalV. Analysis of Bleaching Power a. Estimation of Available Chlorine VI. Analysis of Glycerola.Estimation of purity of glycerolVII. Analysis of fuelsa.Flash pointb.Fire pointc.Cloud pointd.Pour pointe.Aniline point
TOTAL : 45 PERIODSREFERENCES
1.Technical Analysis Manual, Chemistry Division, Chemical EngineeringDepartment, A.C. Tech. Anna University (2007).2.Hand book of Chemical Analysis by Griffin.
 
Estimation of Silica content of CementAim
To estimate the silica content in the given cement sample
Apparatus Required
Crucible, Desiccator, Beaker, Water bath, No 40 Watt man filter paper, Pipette, Electric BunsenBurner, Stirrer 
Chemicals Required
Given sample of Portland cement, 1:1 HCl.
Procedure:
1) 2 gm cement was weighed and transferred into china dish.2) 2 ml of water was added to prevent lumping.3) 10 ml of 1:1 HCl was added to this and digested for 10 minutes.4) 50 ml of water was added to it and the contents were transferred from china dish to a beaker.5) 50 ml of 1:1 HCl was again added to this beaker to make the medium acidic.6) The solution was filtered through No 40 Watt man filter paper 7) The residue was incinerated in the pre weighed crucible using an electric Bunsen burner 8) Then it was cooled in a desiccator.9) The crucible with its content was weighed.10 From the difference in the weight the amount of silica was found.
Calculation
Weight of cement taken (w) = gWeight of empty crucible (a) = gWeight of silica + crucible (b) = g% of silica = ( b – a ) x100 w% of silica = ____________ 
Result
The amount of silica content in cement was found to be =______________.
 
Estimation of Mixed Oxide content of Cement
AimTo estimate the mixed oxide content in the given cement sampleApparatus RequiredCrucible, Desiccator, Beaker, Water bath, No 40 Wattman filter paper, Pipette, Bunsen burner,Stirrer Chemicals RequiredGiven sample of Portland cement, 1:1 HCl, 15% NaOH solution, NH4Cl, NH3Procedure1) 2 gm cement was weighed and transferred into china dish.s2) 2 ml of water was added to prevent lumping.3) 10 ml of 1:1 HCl was added to this and digested for 10 minutes.4) 50 ml of water was added to it and the contents were transferred from china dish to a beaker.5) 50 ml of 1:1 HCl was again added to this beaker to make the medium acidic.6) The solution was filtered through No 40 Watt man filter paper 7) Then the filtrate was collected in a beaker and made it up to 250 ml using water in a graduatedflask.8) 100 ml of above solution was pipetted out into a beaker and boiled.9) 2 gm of NH
4
Cl was added to it to avoid the precipitation of Ca and Mg compounds10) 20 ml of NH3 was added to the boiling solution to make the solution alkaline11) The solution was boiled for about 5 minutes until a pale brown jelly precipitate was formed12) The solution was cooled and the solution was filtered through No 40 Watt man filter paper.13) Then the residue was incinerated using Bunsen burner using a preweighed crucible andcooled in desiccator.14) The amount of mixed oxide (Fe2O3 + Al2O3) content was found by the difference in weight.CalculationsWeight of cement taken (w) = gWeight of empty crucible (a) = gWeight of mixed oxide content + crucible (b) = g% of mixed oxide content (Fe2O3 + Al2O3) = ( b – a ) x 250 x 100 /(w x 100)% of Mixed oxide content = ____________ ResultThe amount of mixed oxide content was found to be=_____________.

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