Into the World of Hearing
Some hearing peoplebelieve that people who aredeaf would like to hear if they could. This is not necessarily true.
Some deaf peopledo seek medical treat-ment for
their hearing loss.Some receive cochlear im-plants. But, many deaf peoplehave no desire to be hearing.However, few hearing peoplerealize that there is a deaf culture that is unique fromthe hearing culture. Deaf peo-ple find being deaf very posi-tive, because they don
s to bother them. Worldwide, more than112,000 people have cochlearimplants. In the U.S., some23,000 adults and 15,500children and youth have beenimplanted. American SignLanguage is the third most widely used language in theUnited States.93 percent of deaf children are born intohearing families; only 7 per-cent are born into deaf fami-lies.
Educational performanceof students who are Deaf/Hard of Hearing remainspoor. The average readingcomprehension of 18-year-oldstudents was reported at justbelow 4th grade on the SAT-9.
The average age of identifi-cation of hearing loss in in-fants is two and one-half tothree years of age, well pastthe critical period for speechand language development.Culture results from agroup of people coming to-gether to form a community around shared experiences,common interest, sharednorms of behavior, and shardsurvival techniques. Such asgroups as the deaf, seek eachother out for social interac-tion and emotional support.How a person labels them-selves in terms of their hearingloss is personal and may re-flect identification with thedeaf community or merely how their hearing loss affectstheir ability to communicate.
estimated that 1.6 mil-lion people in South Africause Sign Language as a firstlanguage. Of these 600 000are profoundly deaf and 1million are extremely hard of hearing. A man named ThomasGallaudet suffered from poorhealth through-out his life,and discovered the world of deaf when he met young AliceCogswell. Alice was a deaf child with no language.Through interacting with Alice, he discovered teaching.On a trip to Europe he met,and brought back LaurentClerc, a deaf teacher, and hehelped him open a Americanschool for deaf in Connecti-cut. Thomas Gallaudet life was short, but he left a legacy of educated deaf people atGallaudet University.Gallaudet University Itis a federally chartered univer-sity for education of the deaf,
Deaf CultureHearing is not always the case.