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What is a Cooperative?

What is a Cooperative?

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Published by Naresh Kumar Sagar
What is a Cooperative?
What is a Cooperative?

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Published by: Naresh Kumar Sagar on Mar 18, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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What is a Cooperative? -Can you believe California University is actively engaged in promoting Agriculture and Everything related to it like marketing and all kinds of research for maximizing production of food in safe and sustainable manner and promoting Co-operatives of kinds to prevent exploitation of small farmers and organizations?Here most universities produce Union Leaders like Nitish Kumar or Vajpayee or others provide no service.PAU for example similar things but most incompetently, even its publications arenot easily available. Seeds are outdated, harvesting procedures are non existent â
farm produce is infected instantly when unloaded on ground. It invites MS Swaminathan for Convocation the Fraud Scientist.http://www.sfc.ucdavis.edu/docs/about.htmlThe University of California Small Farm Program focuses on the challenges and opportunities of California 's small-scale farm operators.http://postharvest.ucdavis.edu/Produce/ProduceFacts/Veg/eggplant.shtmlUniversity carry out research into Cost Benefit studies of all crops, advise farmers and educate them about regulations, seeds and farming practices and technologies etc.Ravinder SinghMarch15, 2010http://www.sfc.ucdavis.edu/cooperatives/whatis.htmlWhat is a Cooperative?DefinitionA cooperative is a private business organization that is owned and controlled bythe people who use its products, supplies or services. Although cooperatives vary in type and membership size, all were formed to meet the specific objectivesof members, and are structured to adapt to member's changing needs.Cooperatives are formed by individuals who coordinate among themselves (horizontal coordination) to achieve vertical integration in their business activities.Although people have been working together for their mutual benefit throughout human history, the cooperative form of business organization began during the Industrial Revolution. Cooperatives were useful for promoting the interests of the less powerful members of society. Farmers, producers, workers, and consumers foundthat they could accomplish more collectively than they could individually.Cooperative PrinciplesThe US Department of Agriculture listed three principles that uniquely characterize a cooperative organization:* The User-Owned Principle: The people who own and finance the cooperative are those who use the cooperative.* The User-Control Principle: The people who control the cooperative are those who use the cooperative. They democratically elect a board of directors. Theboard sets the overall operating policies, approves the annual budget, overseesits operation, and distributes the benefits derived from use of the cooperativeto members. The board also hires professional management to handle the day-to-day operations.* The User-Benefit Principle: The cooperative's sole purpose is to provide and distribute benefits to its users on the basis of their use. While the goal ofagricultural cooperatives is not to generate a return on investment, they, likeall businesses, must cover costs and generate capital to cover expansion and unforeseen emergencies.Other PrinciplesThe International Cooperative Alliance is a world-wide association of cooperatives. The Statement of Cooperative Identity which it adopted in 1995 contains seven cooperative principles that are more socially-minded:* Voluntary and Open Membership* Democratic Member Control* Member Economic Participation* Autonomy and Independence* Education, Training and Information

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