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Child Abuse and Neglect in Developing Countries

Child Abuse and Neglect in Developing Countries

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Published by Mike Blyth
This is a research paper from 1989, looking at the issue of child abuse and neglect in the developing world.
This is a research paper from 1989, looking at the issue of child abuse and neglect in the developing world.

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Published by: Mike Blyth on Mar 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/01/2013

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I.
INTRODUCTION
Purpose
Within
the
past
30
years,
it
has
become
recognized
thatthere
are
children
who
are
harmed
by
the
very
people
who
are
expectedto
protect
them.
During
this
time
period
there
has
been
a
great
increase
in
interest
and
research
in
the
problem
in
developed
countries,
particularly
those
ofNorth
America
and
Europe.
On
theother
hand,in
the
developing
countries
much
less
attention
hasbeen
given.
There
are
quite
understandablereasons
for
this
discrepancy,
tobe
discussedlater.
Nevertheless,child
abuse
and
neglectin
their
various
forms
are
now
known
tobe
ofglobalimportance,
affecting
the
health
of
a
very
large
number
of
childrenin
developing
as
well
as
developed
countries.
This
paper
is
written
for
thoseinvolved
in
planning
forand
assuring
child
health
in
developing
countries,
reviewingwhat
is
known
about
child
abuse
andneglect
in
those
areas,
whichinclude
most
of
the
world's
children.
It
ishoped
that
this
information
will
help
those
people
assess
the
scope
and
magnitude
of
the
problem
in
their
own
countries,and
to
consider
new
ways
of
further
enhancing
the
health
of
their
children.
Background
Few
authors
have
reviewedchild
abuseandneglect
as
they
occuroutside
the
developed
countries.
Gelles
and
Cornell
(1983)
included
Third-World
nations
in
their
review
of
family
violence
includingchild
abuse,although
atthat
time
they
were
able
tofindonly
10
relevant
publicationsincluding
2
from
Indiaand
6
fromAfrica.
They
found
that
the
definitions
of
abuseand
neglect
usedby
 
researchers
in
the
Third-Worldwere
generally
broader
than
thoseused
elsewhere,
and
that
there
was
a
higher
level
of
concern
overthe
role
ofsocial
structures
and
institutions
in
abuse.
Korbin's
(1981a)
book
has
provided
the
most
comprehensive
look
at
the
topic,
examining
eight
developing
countries.
With
data
collected
largely
from
anan
thropologicalviewpoint,
theauthors
consider
overall
cultural
attitudes
toward
children,accepted
practices
which
are
actually
or
potentiallyharmful
tochildren,occurrence
of
harmful
practices
which
are
notculturally
sanctioned.
Consistent
with
the
anthropological
perspective,
the
emphasis
ison
traditional
cultures
and
the
meaning
of
abuse
within
them,
rather
on
worldwideepidemiology.
Methods
A
literaturesearch
was
conducted
for
all
articlesand
booksdealingwith
thesubjects
of
child
abuse
and
neglect
in
developing
countries,
and
indexed
in
Index
Medicus,Sociological
Abstracts,
or
Psychological
Abstracts.
Articles
in
English,
Spanish,
or
French
were
accepted.Selected
literature
on
thesubjects
of
infanticide
andabuseagainst
females
was
alsoreviewed.
II.
ANALYSIS
OF
LITERATURE
Countries
Tables
1
and
2
show
the
distribution
of
the
articles
bycountry
and
region.
Over
25
individual
countries
arerepresented,
located
in
all
regions
of
the
developing
world.

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