Chapter Nineteen: Drifting Toward Disunion
Harriet Beecher StoweHarriet Beecher StoweHarriet Beecher StoweHarriet Beecher StoweAuthor of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, had never witnessed slavery first hand, but had seen it during avisit to Kentucky and had lived for many years in Ohio, where the Underground Railroad wasactiveAbraham Lincoln, “So you’re the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war.”
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Uncle Tom’s Cabin Uncle Tom’s Cabin Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, extremely popular novel meant to awaken sympathy inthe North for the plight of slaves, relied on powerful imagery and appealing to emotionSeveral hundred thousand copies sold in the first year, translated into many languages, put onthe stage in “Tom shows.” Popularity in Britain and France would create support for the North during the Civil War, asthe British and French governments were reluctant to support the South when the commonpeople were more sympathetic with the North.Hinton Helper Hinton Helper Hinton Helper Hinton Helper Nonaristocratic white from North Carolina, hated both slavery and African-Americans,attacking slavery from an economic standpoint, arguing that the nonslaveholding whiteswere the ones who suffered the most from slavery.Unable to find a publisher in the South, but did find one in the North.
The Impending Crisis of the South The Impending Crisis of the South The Impending Crisis of the South The Impending Crisis of the South
Banned in the South, where book-burning parties were held—had little effect on the poorer whites who were its intended audienceDistributed as campaign literature in the North by RepublicansNew England Emigrant Aid CompanyNew England Emigrant Aid CompanyNew England Emigrant Aid CompanyNew England Emigrant Aid CompanyAntislavery organization, northern abolitionists/free-soilers, sent about two thousand peopleto Kansas Territory in an attempt to make Kansas a free state under popular sovereignty.People carried new Sharps rifles (“Beecher’s Bibles” after Rev. Henry Ward Beecher)“Border Ruffians” “Border Ruffians” “Border Ruffians” “Border Ruffians” In 1855, on the day the elections in Kansas were to be held to determine Kansas’ status,proslavery “border ruffians” came in from Mississippi to voteSlavery supporters triumphed, set up puppet government at Shawnee MissionIn response, Free-Soilers established extralegal regime in Topeka