Where does English come from?
English is essentially a Germanic language.Its grammar around 30% of its lexicon (vocabulary) areAnglo-Saxon in origin. These words tend to be the mostcommonly used – over 70% according to most estimates. Thetop ten most commonly used verbs, for example, are allsurvivors from old English.What makes the English language unusual is its largenumber of ‘loanwords’ from other languages –particularlyLatin, Greek and French.Loanwords are an important feature of English. Theydo not, however, affect the structure of the language. AnEnglish speaker may use the word ‘ballet’ but he will not say‘dancer of ballet’ as you would in French.A few imported terms retain their original syntax. TheUnited Nations has a
while the chief officer of the English legal system is the
l . But these arerare exceptions.
How much did the Romans change English?
Very little.Perhaps surprisingly the Roman occupation of Britain didnot have a major impact on the development of the English