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Nano Printed) prathyusha

Nano Printed) prathyusha

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Published by gauthamsagar

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Published by: gauthamsagar on Mar 19, 2010
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Paper presentation on
The future nano surgeons
ByL.Prathyusha.III-II sem.Information technology.
Like primitive engineers faced withadvanced technology, medicine must‘catch up' with the technology level of the human body before it can becomereally effective. Since the human body is basically an extremely complex systemof interacting molecules (i.e., amolecular machine), the technologyrequired to truly understand and repair the body is molecular machinetechnology. A natural consequence of this level of technology will be theability to analyze and repair the human body as completely and effectively as wecan repair any conventional machinetoday
is “Researchand technology development at theatomic, molecular and macromolecular levels in the length scale oapproximately 1 -100 nanometer range,to provide a fundamental understandingof phenomena and materials at thenanoscale and to create and usestructures, devices and systems that havenovel properties and functions becauseof their small and/or intermediate size.”This paper will describe a micro/nanoscale medical robot that is within therange of current engineering technology.It is intended for the treatment and/or elimination of medical problems whereaccumulation of undesired organicsubstances interferes with normal bodilyfunction.In this paper, we will describe a
that can be created withexisting technology , that can be used toseek out and destroy inimical tissuewithin the human body that cannot beaccessed by other means.The construction and use of such deviceswould result in a number of benefits. Notonly would it provide either cures or atleast a means of controlling or reducingthe effects of a number of ailments, butit will also provide valuable empiricaldata for the improvement and furthedevelopment of such machines. Practicaldata garnered from such operations atthe microscopic level will allow theelimination of a number of false trailsand point the way to more effectivemethods of dealing with the problemsinherent in operation at that level.2
We will address and propose themethod of entry into the body, means of  propulsion, means of maintaining a fixed position while operating, control of thedevice, power source, means of locatingsubstances to be eliminated, mans of doing the elimination and how to removethe device from the body afterward.
It is the application onanotechnology (engineering of tinymachines) to the prevention andtreatment of disease in the human bodys.More specifically, it is the use of engineered nanodevices andnanostructures to monitor, repair,construct and control the human biological system on a molecular level.The most elementary of nanomedicaldevices will be used in the diagnosis of illnesses. A more advanced use of nanotechnology might involve implanteddevices to dispense drugs or hormonesas needed in people with chronicimbalance or deficiency states. Lastly,the most advanced nanomedicineinvolves the use of 
asminiature surgeons. Such machinesmight repair damaged cells, or get insidecells and replace or assist damagedintracellular structures. At the extreme,nanomachines might replicatethemselves, or correct geneticdeficiencies by altering or replacingDNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) molecules. 
Introduce the device into thebody:
We need to find a way of introducing thenanomachine into the body, andallowing it access to the operations sitewithout causing too much ancillarydamage. We have already made thedecision to gain access via thecirculatory system.The first is that the
of thenanomachine determines the minimumsize of the blood vessel that it cantraverse. We want to avoid damaging thewalls of whatever blood vessel thedevice is in, we also do not want to block it much, which would either causea clot to form, or just slow or stop the blood flow. What this means is that thesmaller the nanomachine the better.However, this must3

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