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Table Of Contents

4. The occurrence of flavonoids
4.1. Distribution in nature
5. Identification of flavonoids
5.1. Magnetic resonance spectrometry of flavonoids
5.1.1. Introduction
5.1.2. Information available from proton relaxation rates
5.1.3. The theory of pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance
5.1.4. The measurement of relaxation times
5.1.5. Applications of proton resonance relaxation
5.1.6. Concluding remarks on nuclear magnetic resonance
5.2. Identification of flavonoids by gas chromatography-
5.2.1. Scope
5.2.2. Analysis of propolis by gas chromatography-mass
5.3. Analysis of propolis by high performance liquid
5.3.1. Scope
5.3.2. The analytical procedure
6. The biosynthesis of flavonoids
6.1. Anabolism
(Fig. 31)
6.2. The genetics of flavonoids
7. The role of the flavonoids in plant physiology
7.1. Flavonoids as signals of symbiosis
8. The pharmacology of flavonoids in animals
8.1. Pharmacodynamics
8.2. Acute toxicity of flavonoids
8.3. Long-term effects of flavonoids
8.4. The catabolism of flavonoids
9. The immunology of the flavonoids
9.1. The flavonoids as antigens
9.2. Flavonoids as immune modulators
10. Scavenging of free radicals by flavonoids
11. The electron transfer catalysis by flavonoids
12. The flavonoids as enzyme inhibitors
12.1. Hydrolases
12.2. Oxidoreductases
12.3. Kinases
12.4. Isomerases
12.5. Transferases
12.6. Ligases and lyases
13. The hormone action of flavonoids
14. The mutagenic potential of flavonoids
15. The influence of the flavonoids on the sensory system
15.1. The olfactory system
15.2. The neurostimulatory effect of flavonoids
15.3. The analgesic effect of flavonoids
16. Complexes of flavonoids with heavy metal ions
17.1. Hypertension and microbleeding
17.2. Inflammation
17.3. The effect of flavonoids on the condition of diabetes
17.5. Protein-rich oedema
17.6. Loosening of connective tissue
17.7. The effect of flavonoids on allergy and asthma
17.8. The influence of flavonoids on cancer
17.8.1. The biology of cancer
17.8.2. The treatment of cancer by flavonoids
17.8.3. Biochemical processes of cancer influenced by
17.8.4. Stress response
17.9. The influence of flavonoids on cardiovascular diseases
17.9.1. The genetic disposition
17.12. Bacterial infection
17.13. The antiviral properties of flavonoids
17.14. Morbus alzheimer’s
17.15. Wound healing
17.15.1. Cellular reactions to damage
17.15.2. Peroxidation of lipids by free radicals
17.15.3. Metabolic changes caused by organic solvents
17.15.4. Hypoxic cell damage
17.15.5. Tissue regeneration
17.15.6. The anabolism
17.16. Heavy metal detoxification
17.17. Hypercholesterolemia
17.17.1. Treatment of hypercholesterolemia
17.17.2. Sites of flavonoid action in cholesterol metabolism
17.18. Stimulation of the immune system by flavonoids
17.19.1. Introduction
17.19.2. The origin of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
17.19.3. The human immunodeficiency virus gene
17.19.4. Possible targets of antiviral drugs
17.20. The use of flavonoids in birth control (fertility control)
18. Interaction of flavonoids with other drugs
19. Prospects of further applications of flavonoids
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!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!The biochemistry and medical significance of the flavonoids

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!The biochemistry and medical significance of the flavonoids

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Published by Oleksandr Lozinsky

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Oleksandr Lozinsky on Mar 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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