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HAITI_ES_2010final

HAITI_ES_2010final

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Published by InterAction

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Published by: InterAction on Mar 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/03/2013

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The devastating earthquake that struck Haiti in early January
2010 adds to the string o\ue000 mis\ue000ortunes in a country used to
fghting adversity. Political instability and repeated natural
disasters have compounded a \ue000ailure to invest in its human
resources and its environment and have prevented the country
\ue000rom achieving a sustainable development path. Haiti\u2019s
demographic profle, most notably its very young age structure,
a\ue000\ue000ects all aspects o\ue000 reconstruction e\ue000\ue000orts, \ue000rom economic
opportunities to security issues, political stability, gender
equality and climate change adaptation.

Haiti has experienced rapid population growth \ue000or several
decades. Today, there are 339 inhabitants per square kilometer,
and the United Nations medium \ue000ertility scenario \ue000orecasts
\ue000urther growth o\ue000 nearly f\ue000ty percent by 2040. Neighboring
countries such as Jamaica and the Dominican Republic have
experienced continuously decreasing \ue000ertility rates \ue000rom the
1970s to the 1990s. In contrast, Haiti\u2019s \ue000ertility rate increased
in the 1980s be\ue000ore \ue000alling in the 1990s where it remains at
around \ue000our children per woman. Haiti\u2019s \ue000ertility rate is at a
level higher than its neighbors, which keeps the country on
track to maintain a very young age structure into the \ue000uture. An
important in\ue001uence on the high \ue000ertility rate is the high level o\ue000
unmet need \ue000or \ue000amily planning: In Haiti, 38 percent o\ue000 women
wish to prevent or delay their next birth but do not have access
to modern methods o\ue000 contraception.

Haiti has the youngest age structure in the Caribbean; almost
70 percent o\ue000 Haiti\u2019s people are under age 30. While young
people represent an important asset \ue000or any country, they need
opportunities in order to prosper. Haiti\u2019s demographic reality
has and will have a pro\ue000ound impact on development in the
country. Population Action International\u2019s report The Shape

of Things to Come \ue000ound that population age structure can
in\ue001uence a country\u2019s stability, governance and the well-being
o\ue000 its people. Countries with very young and youth\ue000ul age
1300 19TH STREET, NW, 2ND FLOOR, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA, WWW.POPULATIONACTION.ORG
THE EFFECTS OF A VERY YOUNG
AGE STRUCTURE ON HAITI
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
FIGURE 1. HAITI\u2019S AGE STRUCTURES
1975
MALE
10
8
6
4
2
0
2
4
6
8
10
FEMALE
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-20
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100+
PERCENT OF TOTAL POPULATION
2005
MALE
10
8
6
4
2
00
2
4
6
8
10
FEMALE
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-20
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100+
PERCENT OF TOTAL POPULATION
2025(PROJECTED)
10
8
6
4
2
0
MALE
0
2
4
6
8
10
FEMALE
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-20
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89
90-94
95-99
100+
PERCENT OF TOTAL POPULATION

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