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Wireless Energy Transfer

Wireless Energy Transfer

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Published by Chandana Kumar

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Published by: Chandana Kumar on Mar 20, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/14/2014

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1Wireless electricity transfer 
2010 
Chandana and Harish ph: 9480081303 E&C Department 3/15/2010
WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSFER
 
 
2W
il
e
l
ec
ti
c
it
 
t
er Index1. Abs
t
rac
t
 2. In
t
roduc
ti
on3. H
i
s
t
ory of w
i
re
l
ess energy
t
ransfer 4. Near f 
i
e
l
d4.1 Induc
ti
on4.2 E
l
ec
t
rodynam
i
cs
i
nduc
ti
on4.3 E
l
ec
t
ros
t
a
ti
c
i
nduc
ti
on5. Far f 
i
e
l
d5.1 Rad
i
o and m
i
crowave5.2 Laser 6. How safe
i
s w
it
i
c
it
y?7. Fu
t
ure of w
it
i
c
it
y
 
3
 Wireless electricity transfer 
 ABSTRACT 
:
 
Th
is paper gives an idea of wireless energy transfer and different tec
h
niques used totransfer energy wit
h
out cables in ancient and modern days. It also present t
h
e advantagesover wired energy transfer.
Th
e merits, demerits and t
h
e safety, efficiency concernssurrounding present day wireless energy transfer. And possible development in futurewireless energy transfer.
 INTRO
 DUC 
TION 
:
Imagine c
h
arging your laptop computer or cell p
h
one wit
h
out plugging t
h
em intoanelectrical socket.
Th
at¶s a luxury t
h
at could be provided by wireless power transmission, aconcept t
h
at
h
as been bandied about for decades but is creeping closer to becoming viable.Wireless energy transfer or wireless power transmission[Wi
T
ricity] is t
h
e process t
h
at takes place in any system w
h
ereelectrical energy is transmitted from a power source to anelectrical load wit
h
out interconnecting wires. Wirelesstransmission is useful in cases w
h
ere instantaneous or continuous energy transfer is needed but interconnecting wiresare inconvenient,
h
azardous, or impossible.In our present electricity generation system we wastemore t
h
an
h
alf of its resources. Especially t
h
e transmissionanddistribution losses are t
h
e main concern of t
h
e presentpower tec
h
nology. Muc
h
of t
h
is power is wasted duringtransmissionfrom power plant generators to t
h
e consumer.
Th
e resistance of t
h
e wire used in t
h
e electrical grid distribution system causes aloss of 26-
30%
of t
h
e energy generated.
Th
is loss implies t
h
atour present system of electrical distribution is only 7
0
-74
%
efficient. We
h
ave to t
h
ink of alternate state - of - art tec
h
nology to transmit and distribute t
h
e electricity. Now- a- daysglobal scenario
h
as been c
h
anged a lot and t
h
ere are tremendous development inevery field.If we don¶t keep pace wit
h
t
h
e development ofnew power tec
h
nology we
h
ave to face adecreasing trend in t
h
e development of power sector.
Th
e transmission of powerwit
h
outwires may be one noble alternative for electricity transmission.
Th
e most common form of wireless power transmission is carried out using induction, followed by electrodynamic
Figure 1.
Th
e 187-foot Wardenclyffe
T
ower (
T
esla
T
ower) in 19
03
.
Th
is was to be t
h
e first broadcastingsystem in t
h
e world.
T
esla wanted to transmitelectricity from t
h
is
T
ower to t
h
e w
h
ole globe wit
h
outwires using t
h
e Ionosp
h
ere.
Th
e source of t
h
etransmitted electricity was to be t
h
e Niagara Fallsower lant.

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