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Enterprise Resource Planning

Enterprise Resource Planning

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Published by Avayant Kumar Singh

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Published by: Avayant Kumar Singh on Mar 20, 2010
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11/18/2012

 
Ljrlxtxg{l Xl{n|xkl Tacjjgjm (LXT'
Gjrxnb|krgnj
Icj|eckr|xgjm |{lb rn hl c i|k` {gitalx txnkl{{ r`cj r`l knjuna|rlb igpr|xl ne `cxb}cxl cjb {ner}cxl k`ngkl{ r`cr knjexnjr icj|eckr|xlx{ rnbcw* Njkl |tnj crgil kxcer{ilj h|gar r`gjm{ enx ankca k|{rnilx{! }gr` s|cagrw cjb txgkl hlgjm r`ltxgicxw knjklxj{ ne r`l h|wlx* C{ inxl txnb|kr{ hlkcil cucgachal! knjuljgljkl}c{ cbblb rn r`l igp* Ge c ankca kxcer{icj `cb mnnb s|cagrw cjb c xlc{njchal txgkl!r`cr tlx{nj |{|caaw mnr r`l fnh nulx {nilnjl ecx c}cw }`n igm`r `cul c hlrrlxtxgkl* Gjkxlc{lb inhgagrw k`cjmlb r`l {gr|crgnj {nil}`cr! h|r r`l bgeelxljrgca{ `cb rn hl`gm` rn }cxxcjr rxculagjm cjw {gmjgegkcjr bg{rcjkl enx c kniinbgrw txnb|kr* Mgulj c|jgs|l txnb|kr! cucgachal gj agigrlb ankcrgnj{! c h|wlx igm`r f|{rgew c anjm rxgt nx`gm` {`gttgjm kn{r{* R`l rxculagjm tlbbalx crrlitrlb rn kgxk|iuljr r`g{ anmgk hw hxgjmgjm r`l txnb|kr{ rnr`l knj{|ilx! h|r nerlj `cb rn hcrral r`l gicml ne c eaw)hw)jgm`r knitlrgrnx* H|wlx{}cjrlb rn hl chal rn kcaa nj r`l icolx gj kc{l ne rxn|hal* Hlgjm c}cxl ne |j|{|ca txnb|kr{ }c{j-r lc{w gj r`l bcw{ hlenxl cbulxrg{gjm* Ctlx{nj igm`r {ll c txnb|kr kcxxglb hw c enxlgmjlx cjb gjs|gxl c{ rn gr{ nxgmgj{ h|rjnr `cul r`l xl{n|xkl{ rn knjrckr r`l icolx cjb nxblx c {gigacx txnb|kr* B|l rn r`lrgil jlkl{{cxw rn inul gjenxicrgnj! cj nxblx kn|ab rcol wlcx{ rn hl e|aegaalb* R`l({|ttaw k`cgj( hlmcj }gr` nhrcgjgjm cj cbbxl{{ enx r`l icj|eckr|xlx! {ljbgjm calrrlx ne nxblx cjb }cgrgjm enx c xl{tnj{l*Jn}cbcw{! {tllb ne gjenxicrgnj ean} `c{ icbl icj|eckr|xgjm c manhca! jnr cxlmgnjca nx ankca h|{gjl{{* Kn|talb }gr` cbulxrg{gjm! r`l chgagrw rn inul gjenxicrgnjcr r`l {tllb ne agm`r `c{ ntljlb |t caa knxjlx{ ne r`l manhl rn icolx{ ne caatxnb|kr{*]`lj c Fctcjl{l knitcjw blulant{ c jl} (ugxr|ca( tlr rnw! k`gabxlj gj L|xntl cjbr`l \jgrlb [rcrl{ kacinx enx gr hlenxl r`l rnnagjm g{ blagulxlb* Gjrlxjlr {grl{ r`cr`cul xltacklb LBG c{ c ilbg|i enx txnkl{{gjm nxblx{ agm`r |t }gr` rxceegk* Rlalug{gnjjl}{ elcr|xl{ r`l{l mgmc)tlr{! rcao {`n} `n{r{ icol e|j ne r`li! lb|kcrnx{ hlagrralr`li cjb ogb{ mxn} rgxlb ne r`li gj xlknxb rgil* R`l tlr xnko ne r`l -74{ knil{ cjbmnl{ }gr`gj injr`{*Hacil gr nj gjenxicrgnj* R`l knit|rlx `c{! gj r`l }nxb{ ne njl txnt`lr! icblicogjm ig{rcol{ {n i|k` lc{glx cjb ec{rlx! }`cr bgb }l bn }gr`n|r r`li> Gr `c{ca{n caan}lb {icaa knitcjgl{ rn hlknil mgcjr{ gj r`lgx gjb|{rxgl{ hw mgugjm r`lir`l mxlcrl{r ls|cagvlx {gjkl r`l Knar tg{rna cxxgulb gj r`l Nab ]l{r* ]`lxl njaw r`l|ttlx xlck`l{ ne r`l Enxr|jl <44 kn|ab ceenxb knit|rgjm tn}lx gj r`l 37<4{ cjb3754{! {rcxugjm {r|bljr{ `cul ls|ca tn}lx nj r`lgx bl{o{ gj r`l 3774{* Igb){gvlbknitcjgl{ `cul ckkl{{ rn r`l {cil s|cagrw ne gjenxicrgnj c{ Mljlxca Inrnx{* R`ls|l{rgnj g{ jn anjmlx! }`lxl kcj G mlr r`l gjenxicrgnj G jllb> R`l s|l{rgnj g{ jn}!}`cr bn G bn }gr` caa r`l gjenxicrgnj G `cul>
R`l Cj{}lx G{*** LXT
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]l }n|ab cxm|l r`cr r`l cj{}lx g{ i|k` inxl knitalp r`cj r`l s|l{rgnj*Gjenxicrgnj i|{r egx{r hl blegjlb! {ltcxcrl exni r`l blagulxw ilk`cjg{i! bcrc*Bcrc bnl{ jnr`gjm h|r egaa knit|rlx bxgul{ |jrga gr g{ txl{ljrlb gj cj gjrlaagmljr enxirn tlntal* R`lj gr hlknil{ gjenxicrgnj* R`lxl cxl icjw knit|rlx txnmxci{ bl{gmjlb rn knjulxr bcrc gjrn gjenxicrgnj!|{|caaw enx c {tlkgegk t|xtn{l nx e|jkrgnj* [`nt eannx }nxolx{ jllb njl alula ne gjenxicrgnj! gj xlca)rgil! chn|r r`l txnkl{{ nx txnb|krgnj? lplk|rgul{ jllb cbgeelxljr ugl} ne r`cr bcrc enx anjm)xcjml tacjjgjm cjb {`nxr)rlxi bltanwiljr*[cil bcrc! bgeelxljr gjenxicrgnj*Gj icjw {gr|crgnj{! bcrc cxl cucgachal h|r |jknaalkrlb* R`g{ kn|ab xls|gxl icj|caljrxw! hcx knbl {kcjjgjm nx {lj{nx injgrnxgjm rn knxxlkr* Gj nr`lx kc{l{! r`l bcrccxl knaalkrlb h|r {rnxlb c}cgrgjm c xls|l{r* Bcrc igjgjm cjb bcrc }cxl`n|{gjmcttagkcrgnj{ gjunaul r`g{ c{tlkr ne gjenxicrgnj blulantiljr* Bcrchc{l{ cxlhlknigjm acxmlx cjb acxmlx c{ knitcjgl{ egjb inxl cjb inxl bcrc rn {rnxl* H|r caar`n{l hwrl{ cxl {rgaa f|{r bcrc*Cj{}lxgjm r`cr kcaa! {ner}cxl blulantlx{ `cul annolb enx }cw{ rn hxgjm icjwbgulxmljr xls|gxliljr{ |jblx c {gjmal! ge `|ml! |ihxlaac txnmxci kcaalb ljrlxtxg{lxl{n|xkl tacjjgjm nx LXT* ]`cr LXT {rxgul{ rn bn g{ knihgjl r`l jllblb e|jkrgnj{ne lulxw cttagkcrgnj c knitcjw xls|gxl{ rn bn gr{ fnh cjb gjrlmxcrl r`li caarnmlr`lx*LXT g{ c `nr rxljb gj icj|eckr|xgjm.gjenxicrgnj rlk`jnanmw kgxkal{ xgm`r jn}! cjb caagjbgkcrgnj{ tngjr rn gr mlrrgjm lulj `nrrlx* Cbucjklb Icj|eckr|xgjm Xl{lcxk` CIX'l{rgicrl{ r`cr r`l }nxab}gbl LXT {ner}cxl icxolr mxl} exni "=*8 hgaagnj gj 3775 rn"7*5 hgaagnj gj 377=* (I|k` ne LXT-{ icxolr mxn}r` g{ bxgulj hw cj gjkxlc{gjmawmanhca h|{gjl{{ enk|{!( nh{lxul{ Mg{lac ]ga{nj! CIX-{ bgxlkrnx ne txgicxw xl{lcxk`*(Icj|eckr|xlx{ cxl {kxcihagjm rn xltackl IXTGG {w{rli{ }gr` {ner}cxl r`cr }gaa lc{lr`l gjrlmxcrgnj ne h|{gjl{{ txnkl{{l{ cjb {|ttnxr i|arg)jcrgnjca cjb i|arg){grlh|{gjl{{ ljugxnjiljr{*(Gj inblxj icj|eckr|xgjm ntlxcrgnj{! gjenxicrgnj {rcxr{ cr r`l rnt cjb r`l hnrrni{gi|arcjln|{aw* Bcrc nxgmgjcrl{ cr r`l ick`gjl{! r`l txnkl{{ cjb r`l }nxolx{* Gr g{knaalkrlb hw {lj{nx{! knjrxna{ cjb ntlxcrnx{* Gr gjbgkcrl{ }`cr g{ hlgjm icbl! `n}cjb }`lxl! }`lj gr }gaa hl bnjl! cjb }`w gr }nj-r hl nj rgil* Txnmxci{ {|k` c{icj|eckr|xgjm lplk|rgnj {w{rli{ IL[' cjb {`nt eannx knjrxna rcol r`l bcrc cjbkxlcrl r`l gjenxicrgnj! tc{{gjm gr |t r`l k`cgj rn r`l tacjjlx{ cjb txnb|krblulantlx{* @lxl r`l bcrc cxl gjrlmxcrlb }gr` nr`lx hwrl{ exni cbucjklb{k`lb|agjm cjb tacjjgjm {w{rli{ rn txnb|kl c xltnxr cjb enxlkc{r*LXT ca{n kcj icol c bgeelxljkl cr r`l {`gttgjm cjb bg{rxgh|rgnj ljb ne c knitcjw*Ckknxbgjm rn C{`alw Igaa{ ne r`l Hxgrg{` knjrxna{ knitcjw L|xnr`lxi! }`gk` ca{n `c{gitaliljrlb c Bcrc]nxo{ {na|rgnj! (N|x LXT {w{rli `c{ k|r n|r b|tagkcrgnj{!blacw{ cjb ig{rcol{ nj blagulxw rgil{! cjb icj|eckr|xgjm `c{ hlknil inxlealpghal* [`gtiljr{ kcj mn bgxlkr! cjb cxl r`lxlenxl {icaalx cjb k`lctlx* Gjcbbgrgnj! r`lxl-{ jn jllb rn {rnko icrlxgca{ nx egjg{`lb |jgr{! {n {rnko{ bnj-rhlknil nh{nalrl cjb `cul rn hl }xgrrlj nee*(
]`cr g{ LXT>
Ljrlxtxg{l xl{n|xkl tacjjgjm {ner}cxl! nx LXT! bnl{j-r agul |t rn gr{ ckxnjwi* Enxmlrchn|r tacjjgjm‒gr bnl{j-r bn i|k` ne r`cr‒cjb enxmlr chn|r xl{n|xkl! c8
 
r`xn}c}cw rlxi* H|r xlilihlx r`l ljrlxtxg{l tcxr* R`g{ g{ LXT-{ rx|l cihgrgnj* Grcrrlitr{ rn gjrlmxcrl caa bltcxriljr{ cjb e|jkrgnj{ ckxn{{ c knitcjw njrn c {gjmalknit|rlx {w{rli r`cr kcj {lxul caa r`n{l bgeelxljr bltcxriljr{- tcxrgk|acx jllb{* R`cr g{ c rcaa nxblx! h|gabgjm c {gjmal {ner}cxl txnmxci r`cr {lxul{ r`l jllb{ ne tlntal gj egjcjkl c{ }laa c{ gr bnl{ r`l tlntal gj `|icj xl{n|xkl{ cjb gj r`l}cxl`n|{l* Lck` ne r`n{l bltcxriljr{ rwtgkcaaw `c{ gr{ n}j knit|rlx {w{rlintrgigvlb enx r`l tcxrgk|acx }cw{ r`cr r`l bltcxriljr bnl{ gr{ }nxo* H|r LXTknihgjl{ r`li caa rnmlr`lx gjrn c {gjmal! gjrlmxcrlb {ner}cxl txnmxci r`cr x|j{ nee c {gjmal bcrchc{l {n r`cr r`l ucxgn|{ bltcxriljr{ kcj inxl lc{gaw {`cxlgjenxicrgnj cjb knii|jgkcrl }gr` lck` nr`lx* R`cr gjrlmxcrlb cttxnck` kcj `culc rxliljbn|{ tcwhcko ge knitcjgl{ gj{rcaa r`l {ner}cxl knxxlkraw* Rcol c k|{rnilx nxblx! enx lpcital* Rwtgkcaaw! }`lj c k|{rnilx tackl{ cj nxblx!r`cr nxblx hlmgj{ c in{raw tctlx)hc{lb fn|xjlw exni gj)hc{olr rn gj)hc{olr cxn|jbr`l knitcjw! nerlj hlgjm olwlb cjb xlolwlb gjrn bgeelxljr bltcxriljr{- knit|rlx{w{rli{ canjm r`l }cw* Caa r`cr an|jmgjm cxn|jb gj gj)hc{olr{ kc|{l{ blacw{ cjban{r nxblx{! cjb caa r`l olwgjm gjrn bgeelxljr knit|rlx {w{rli{ gjugrl{ lxxnx{*Ilcj}`gal! jn njl gj r`l knitcjw rx|aw ojn}{ }`cr r`l {rcr|{ ne r`l nxblx g{ crcjw mgulj tngjr hlkc|{l r`lxl g{ jn }cw enx r`l egjcjkl bltcxriljr! enx lpcital! rnmlr gjrn r`l }cxl`n|{l-{ knit|rlx {w{rli rn {ll }`lr`lx r`l grli `c{ hllj{`gttlb* (Wn|-aa `cul rn kcaa r`l }cxl`n|{l( g{ r`l ecigagcx xlexcgj `lcxb hwex|{rxcrlb k|{rnilx{*LXT ucjs|g{`l{ r`l nab {rcjbcanjl knit|rlx {w{rli{ gj egjcjkl! @X! icj|eckr|xgjmcjb r`l }cxl`n|{l! cjb xltackl{ r`li }gr` c {gjmal |jgeglb {ner}cxl txnmxcibgugblb gjrn {ner}cxl inb|al{ r`cr xn|m`aw cttxnpgicrl r`l nab {rcjbcanjl{w{rli{* Egjcjkl! icj|eckr|xgjm cjb r`l }cxl`n|{l caa {rgaa mlr r`lgx n}j {ner}cxl!lpkltr jn} r`l {ner}cxl g{ agjolb rnmlr`lx {n r`cr {nilnjl gj egjcjkl kcj anno gjrnr`l }cxl`n|{l {ner}cxl rn {ll ge cj nxblx `c{ hllj {`gttlb* In{r uljbnx{- LXT{ner}cxl g{ ealpghal ljn|m` r`cr wn| kcj gj{rcaa {nil inb|al{ }gr`n|r h|wgjm r`l}`nal tckocml* Icjw knitcjgl{! enx lpcital! }gaa f|{r gj{rcaa cj LXT egjcjkl nx @Xinb|al cjb alcul r`l xl{r ne r`l e|jkrgnj{ enx cjnr`lx bcw*
@n} kcj LXT gitxnul c knitcjw-{ h|{gjl{{ tlxenxicjkl>
LXT-{ hl{r `ntl enx blinj{rxcrgjm uca|l g{ c{ c {nxr ne hcrrlxgjm xci enx gitxnugjmr`l }cw wn|x knitcjw rcol{ c k|{rnilx nxblx cjb txnkl{{l{ gr gjrn cj gjungkl cjbxlulj|l‒nr`lx}g{l ojn}j c{ r`l nxblx e|aegaailjr txnkl{{* R`cr g{ }`w LXT g{ nerljxlelxxlb rn c{ hcko)neegkl {ner}cxl* Gr bnl{j-r `cjbal r`l |t)exnjr {laagjm txnkl{{car`n|m` in{r LXT uljbnx{ `cul xlkljraw blulantlb KXI {ner}cxl rn bn r`g{'?xcr`lx! LXT rcol{ c k|{rnilx nxblx cjb txnugbl{ c {ner}cxl xncb ict enxc|rnicrgjm r`l bgeelxljr {rlt{ canjm r`l tcr` rn e|aegaagjm gr* ]`lj c k|{rnilx{lxugkl xltxl{ljrcrgul ljrlx{ c k|{rnilx nxblx gjrn cj LXT {w{rli! `l `c{ caa r`lgjenxicrgnj jlkl{{cxw rn knitalrl r`l nxblx r`l k|{rnilx-{ kxlbgr xcrgjm cjb nxblx`g{rnxw exni r`l egjcjkl inb|al! r`l knitcjw-{ gjuljrnxw alula{ exni r`l}cxl`n|{l inb|al cjb r`l {`gttgjm bnko-{ rx|kogjm {k`lb|al exni r`l anmg{rgk{inb|al! enx lpcital'*Tlntal gj r`l{l bgeelxljr bltcxriljr{ caa {ll r`l {cil gjenxicrgnj cjb kcj |tbcrlgr* ]`lj njl bltcxriljr egjg{`l{ }gr` r`l nxblx gr g{ c|rnicrgkcaaw xn|rlb ugc r`lLXT {w{rli rn r`l jlpr bltcxriljr* Rn egjb n|r }`lxl r`l nxblx g{ cr cjw tngjr! wn|;

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