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السلوك العدواني

السلوك العدواني

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Published by Amora
psychology
psychology

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Amora on Mar 20, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/16/2012

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ﺔﻴﻤﻼﺴﻹﺍ
 
ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻠﺠﻤ 
)
ﺔﻴﻨﺎﺴﻨﻹﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻠﺴﻠﺴ 
(
ﺹ 
 
،لﻭﻷﺍ
 
ﺩﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
،ﺭﺸﻋ
 
ﻊﺒﺎﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺩﻠﺠﻤﻟﺍ
487
-
ﺹ 
 
528
ﺭﻴﺎﻨﻴ 
 
2009
ﻥﻴﻴﻨﻴﻁﺴﻠﻔﻟﺍ
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﺔﻌﺌﺎﺸﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻫﺎﻅﻤ 
)
ﻋ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﺔﻴﻨﺍﺩﻴﻤ 
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ ﹰﺎﻴﻜﻭﻠﺴ 
 
ﻥﻴﻠﻜﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﺔﻨﻴ 
(
ﺃ
.
ﺩ 
.
ﻰﻔﻁﺼﻤ 
 
ﻭﺒﺃ
 
ﺓﺩﻭﻋ
 
ﻲﻤﻅﻨ 
 
ﺱﻔﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﻠﻋ
 
ﻡﺴﻗ  –ﺔـﻴﺒﺭﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﻠﻜ 
 
ﻰﺼﻗﻷﺍ
 
ﺔﻌﻤﺎﺠ  –ﺓﺯﻏ
 
 –ﻥﻴﻁﺴﻠﻓ 
 
ﺹﺨﻠﻤ 
:
ﻫﺎﻅﻤﻟ 
 
ﺔﻴﺒﺴﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﻤﻫﻷﺍ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﻑﺭﻌﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﻓﺩﻫﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩـﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠـﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺭ 
 
ﺕﺎـﻤﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍﻭ 
 
ﻥﻭﻤﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺎﻫﺍﺭﻴ 
 
ﺎﻤﻜ 
 
،
 
ﹰﺎﻴﻜﻭﻠﺴ 
 
ﻥﻴﻠﻜﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻴﻴﻨﻴﻁﺴﻠﻔﻟﺍ
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﻪﺘﻻﺎﺠﻤﻭ 
 
ﺔﻌﺌﺎﺸﻟﺍ
)
ﺔﻴﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﻭﻔﺼﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺒﺭﻤ 
(
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻫﺎﻅﻤ 
 
ﺕﻻﺎﺠﻤ 
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
ﺔﻴﻭﻨﻌﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻕﻭﺭﻔﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﻑﺭﻌﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﻊﻤ 
 
،
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍﺱﻨﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﻱﺭﻴﻐﺘﻤﻟ 
 
ﻯﺯﻌﺘ 
 
ﺔﻌﺌﺎﺸﻟﺍ
) :
ﻰﺜﻨﺃ
 
،ﺭﻜﺫ 
(
ﻥﻴﺒ 
 
ﺎﻤ 
 
ﺭـﻤﻌﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،
)
6
-
9
،
 
ﺕﺍﻭﻨﺴ 
 
9
-
12
ﺔﻨﺴ 
 .(
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻨﻴﻋ
 
ﺕﻨﻭﻜﺘ 
 
ﺩﻗﻭ 
 )
250
(
ﻡﻬﻨﻤ 
 
،
 
ﺔﻠﻔﻁﻭ 
 
ﹰﻼﻔﻁ 
) :
152
(
ﻭ 
 
،
 
ﹰﻼﻔﻁ 
)
98
(
ﺔﻠﻔﻁ 
. 
،ﹰﺎﻴﻜﻭﻠﺴ 
 
ﻥﻴﻠﻜﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻴﻴﻨﻴﻁﺴﻠﻔﻟﺍ
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﺔﻌﺌﺎﺸﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻫﺎﻅﻤ 
 
ﺱﺎﻴﻘﻤ 
 
ﻡﺩﺨﺘﺴﺍﻭ 
 
ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ
:
ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ
 
،ﺭﻭﺼﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺀﺎﻜﺫﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺎﺒﺘﺨﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺙﺤﺎﺒﻟﺍ
:
ﻲﻜﺯ 
 
ﺩﻤﺤﺃﺕﻼﻜـﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻨﺎﺒﺘـﺴﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺢﻟﺎـﺼ 
 
ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ
 
،
 
ﻥﻴﻴﻨﻴﻁﺴﻠﻔﻟﺍ
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﺔﻌﺌﺎﺸﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﻜﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
:
ﺭﻴﺩـﻘﺘ 
 
ﺓﺭﺎﻤﺘـﺴﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻰﻔﻁـﺼﻤ 
 
ﻭﺒﺃ
 
ﻲﻤﻅﻨ 
 
ﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ
 
،
 
ﺔﻴﻨﻴﻁﺴﻠﻔﻟﺍ
 
ﺓﺭﺴﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍ
 
ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﻻﺍ
 
ﻯﻭﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ
:
ﻰﻔﻁﺼﻤ 
 
ﻭﺒﺃ
 
ﻲﻤﻅﻨ 
. 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨ 
 
ﺕﺭﻬﻅﺃﻭ 
 :
ﻁﺃ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﹰﺎﻋﻭﻴﺸ 
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻫﺎﻅﻤ 
 
ﺭﺜﻜﺃ
 
ﻥﺃ،
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﻊﻀﻭﻤ 
 
لﺎﻔ ﻲﻫ
: 
،
 
ﺔـﺼﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﺀﺎـﻨﺜﺃ
 
ﻪـﺌﻼﻤﺯ 
 
ﺏﺭﻀﺒ 
 
ﻡﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺔﺴﺭﺩﻤﻟﺍﻭ 
 
لﺼﻔﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﺭﺩﺠ 
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﺔﺒﺎﺘﻜﻟﺎﺒ 
 
ﻡﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺴﺭﺩﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻘﻴﺩﺤ 
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﺭﻭﻫﺯﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﻁﻘﺒ 
 
ﻡﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺓﻭﻘﺒ 
 
ﻪﺌﻼﻤﺯ 
 
ﺕﺍﻭﺩﺃ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﺀﻼﻴﺘﺴﻻﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻪﺌﻼﻤﺯ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭ 
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
ﺥﺍﺭﺼﻟﺍﻭ 
.
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨ 
 
ﺕﺭﻬﻅﺃ
 
ﺎﻤﻜ 
 :
ﺭﻫﺎﻅﻤ 
 
ﺱﺎﻴﻘﻤ 
 
ﺕﻻﺎﺠﻤ 
 
ﺭـﺜﻜﺃ
 
ﻥﺃﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﺔـﻌﺌﺎﺸﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻫ
 
،
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﻊﻀﻭﻤ 
 
لﺎﻔﻁﺃ
:
ﻲﻟﺍﻭﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﻪﻴﻠﻴ 
 
،
 
ﻥﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
لﺎﺠﻤ 
:
لﺎـﺠﻤ ﺕﺍﺫﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
لﺎﺠﻤﻭ 
 
،ﺔﻴﺴﺭﺩﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺎـﻜﻠﺘﻤﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
. 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨ 
 
ﺕﺭﻬﻅﺃ
 
ﻙﻟﺫﻜ 
 :
ﻲﻓ 
 
ﻥﻴﺴﻨﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻴﺒ 
 
ﺔﻴﻭﻨﻌﻤ 
 
ﻕﻭﺭﻓ 
 
ﺩﺠﻭﺘ 
 
ﻻ
 
ﻪﻨﺃﻥﺍﻭﺩـﻌﻟﺍ
 
لﺎـﺠﻤ 
 
ﺕﺍﺫﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ
.
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨ 
 
ﺕﻨﻴﺒ 
 
ﺎﻤﻨﻴﺒ 
:
ﻲﻟﺎﺠﻤ 
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
ﻥﻴﺴﻨﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻴﺒ 
 
ﺔﻴﻭﻨﻌﻤ 
 
ﻕﻭﺭﻓ 
 
ﺩﺠﻭﺘ 
 
ﻪﻨﺃ
: 
،ﺱﺎﻴﻘﻤﻠﻟ 
 
ﺔﻴﻠﻜﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺠﺭﺩﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،ﺔﻴﺴﺭﺩﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﻜﻠﺘﻤﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،ﻥﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍﺭﻭﻜﺫﻟﺍ
 
ﺢﻟﺎﺼﻟ 
. 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨ 
 
ﺕﻨﻴﺒ 
 
ﺎﻤﻜ 
:
ﻤ 
 
ﻕﻭﺭﻓ 
 
ﺩﺠﻭﺘ 
 
ﻻ
 
ﻪﻨﺃﻲﻟﺎﺠﻤ 
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
ﺔﻴﻭﻨﻌ 
:
،
 
ﺕﺍﺫﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﺞﺌﺎﺘﻨ 
 
ﺕﻨﻴﺒ 
 
ﻥﻴﺤ 
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
،
 
ﺭﻤﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻴﻐﺘﻤﻟ 
 
ﹰﺎﻌﺒﺘ 
 
ﻥﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍﻭ 
:
ﻕﻭﺭﻓ 
 
ﺩﺠﻭﺘ 
 
ﻪﻨﺃ
 
ﺭﻴﻐﺘﻤﻟ 
 
ﹰﺎﻌﺒﺘ 
 
،ﺱﺎﻴﻘﻤﻠﻟ 
 
ﺔﻴﻠﻜﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺠﺭﺩﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺔﻴﺴﺭﺩﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﻜﻠﺘﻤﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
لﺎﺠﻤ 
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
ﺔﻴﻭﻨﻌﻤ 
 
ﺭﻤﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﺢﻟﺎﺼﻟ 
 
،
 
ﺭﻤﻌﻟﺍ
)
9
 –
12
(
ﺔﻨﺴ 
 .
Signs of Aggressive Behavior prevalent among Palestinian Children(A Field Study applied on a sample of Behaviorally ProblematicChildrenAbstract:
This Study aims to identify the relative significance of commonmanifestations of aggressive behavior and its dimensions among behaviorally
 
ﺃ 
.
ﺩ 
.
ﻲﻔﻁﺼﻤ 
 
ﻭﺒﺃ 
 
ﻲﻤﻅﻨ 
 
488
problem Palestinian children as perceived by male and female teachers. Italso aims at identifying the statistically significant differences attributable togender and age (6-9, (9-12)), Devising solutions and putting forwardsuggestions constituted another aim of the study.
The Sample consisted of (250) male and female children: 152 males and 98 females.
The study tool was the measure of aggressive behaviour manifestationsamong children which was prepared the researchers . pictorial intelligencetest prepared by Ahmed Zaki Saleh , a questionnaire on the commonbehavioral problems among Palestinian children which was prepared byNazmi Abu Mostafa . And questionnaire on the socioeconomic status of thePalestinian families , prepared by Nazmi Abu Mostafa .The findings of the study showed that the most frequent manifestations oaggressive behaviour among the sample group were respectively as follows:writing on school walls, hitting classmates during classes, shouting atclassmates, forcefully taking classmates' things, and picking flowers fromthe school garden. . The study also showed that most frequent dimensions of the measure among the sample group was aggression toward others, thentaking hold of school supplies among male children. Moreover the studyindicated that there were no statistically significant differences in thedimensions of: aggression directed to the self, and aggression directed toothers due to the age variable. Whereas there were statistically significantdifferences in taking hold of school supplies due to the age variable and infavor of the age group ranging between 9-12 .
ﺔﻤﺩﻘﻤ 
:
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻥﻴﺒ 
 
ﺭﻬﻅﻴ 
 
ﻪﻅﺤﻠﻨ 
 
ﺙﻴﺤ 
 
،
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﺔﻌﺌﺎﺸﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﻜﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﻼﻜﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺩﻌﻴ 
 
لﻜ 
 
ﻲﻓ ﻥﻤ 
:
،
 
ﺔﻤﺎﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻜﺎﻤﻷﺍ
 
،
 
ﺔﺴﺭﺩﻤﻟﺍ
 
،
 
ﺓﺭﺴﻷﺍﺘﺨﻤ 
 
لﺎﻜﺸﺄﺒ ﺔﻔﻠ 
.
ﻭ ﺩﻗ ﺯﻋﺕ ﺍﺭﺩ 
 
ﻙﻟﺫ 
 
ﺴ ـ ﺔﻴﻫﺎﻨ 
 
ﻭﺒﺃ
 
ﺡﻼﺼ 
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
لﻜ 
 
ﺔ 
)
1993
(
،،ﺓﺩﺎﻌﺴ 
 
ﺕﺩﻭﺠﻭ 
"
ﻥﻭﺭﺨﺁﻭ 
"
،ﻭﺒﺃ
 
ﻲﻤﻅﻨ ﻰﻔﻁﺼﻤ 
)
2006
(
ﺘﺒﺜﺃ
 
ﺙﻴﺤ 
 
،ﺍﻭ 
:
ﻲـﻫ
 
،ﻥﻴﻴﻨﻴﻁﺴﻠﻔﻟﺍ
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﹰﺎﻋﻭﻴﺸ 
 
ﺔﻴﻜﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﻼﻜﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﻫﺃ
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﻥﺃ
 :
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ 
. 
ﺎﻤﻜ ﺩﻀﻋﺕ ﻑﻴﺯ 
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
لﻜ 
 
ﺔﺴﺍﺭﺩ 
 
ﻙﻟﺫ 
 
Ziv
)
1970
(
،ﻭ ،
 
ﺥﺎﺒﻨـﺸﺍ
"
ﻥﻭﺭـﺨﺁﻭ 
"
Ashenbach ,et .
al
)
1991
(
ﺘﺒﺜﺃ
 
ﺙﻴﺤ 
 
،ﺍﻭ ﺕﻼﻜﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﻫﺃ
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﻥﺃ
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﹰﺎﻋﻭﻴﺸ 
 
ﺔﻴﻜﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ 
. 
ﺙﻴﺩﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺼﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
ﺔﻠﺤﻔﺘﺴﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﻻﺍ
 
ﺕﻼﻜﺸﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻁﺨﺃ
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺩﻌﻴﻭ ؛ﺎـﻬﻨﺇ
 
ﺙﻴﺤ 
 
ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤ ﻥﻴﺒ 
 
ﺎﻤ 
 
ﻊﻤﺠﺘ 
 
ﺎﻬﻨﻷ
 
؛
 
ﺩﺎﻌﺒﻷﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﻤﺍﺭﺘﻤ 
 :
ﻥـﻤ 
 
لﻜ 
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﻱﺩﺎﺼﺘﻗﻻﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻲﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﻻﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻲﺴﻔﻨﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻴﺜﺄﺘﻟﺍ
 
ﻊﻤﺘﺠﻤﻟﺍﻭ 
 
ﺩﺭﻔﻟﺍ
)
،
 
ﺕﻴﺨﺒ 
 
ﻡﺸﺎﻫ
 
ﺓﺩﺠﺎﻤ 
2005
ﺹ 
 
،
 
680
. (
ﻠﺴﻟﺍﻭـ ﻙ ﻲﻜﻭﻠﺴ 
 
ﺭﻬﻅﻤ 
 
ﻭﻫ
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ؛ﺙﻴﺤ 
 
،
 
ﺓﺭﺎﺴ 
 
ﺭﻴﻏ
 
ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻌﻔﻨﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﻤﺯﺃ
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
لﻔﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﻪﻴﻨﺎﻌﻴ 
 
ﺎﻤﻋ
 
ﺱﻴﻔﻨﺘﻠﻟ ﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﺽﻌﺒ 
 
لﻴﻤﻴ ﻠ ـ ـ ﻭ ﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙ ـ ﻨﺍﻭﺩ ـ ﺤﻨ 
 
ﻲ ـ ﻟﺍ
 
ﻭ ـ ﺨﻵﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺕﺍﺫ ـ ﻴﺭ ـ ـ ﻤﻭ 
 
،ﻥ ـ ﻤ ـ ﺘ ـ ﻠ ـ ﻜ ـ ﺕﺎ 
 
 
ﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﺔﻌﺌﺎﺸﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻫﺎﻅﻤ ﻥﻴﻴﻨﻴﻁﺴﻠﻔﻟﺍ
 
لﺎ 
 
489
 
ﻥﻷ
 
؛ﺔﺴﺭﺩﻤﻟﺍ
ﻪﺘﺍﺫﻟ 
 
لﻔﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﺀﺍﺫﻴﺇ
 "
ﺭﺒﻤ 
 
ﻥﻭﺩﺒ 
 
ﻪﺌﻼﻤﺯ 
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﺀﺍﺩﺘﻋﻻﺎﺒ 
 
ﻪﻤﺎﻴﻗﻭ ﺀﺍﻭﺴ 
 
ﺭﻫﺎﻅ 
 
ﺭ ﻥﺎﻜﺃﻲﻓ 
 
ﺃ
 
ﺕﻴﺒﻟﺍﻡ ﺔﺴﺭﺩﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﻤﺘﺴﻤ 
 
ﺓﺭﻭﺼﺒﻭ 
 
،ﺓﻰﻠﻋ
 
لﺩﻴ 
 
،ﻥﺃﻙﻟﺫ ﻱﻭﺴ 
 
ﺭﻴﻏ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
")
ﺔـﻨﺒﺎﺒﺩ 
 
لﻴـﺸﻴﻤ ،ﻅﻭﻔﺤﻤ 
 
لﻴﺒﻨﻭ ،
1984
ﺹ 
 
،
189
(. 
ﺯﻋﻭ ﻯﺎﻤﻫ
 
،
 
ﻥﻴﻠﻤﺎﻋ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻭﺜﺤﺎﺒﻟﺍ
 :
ﻲﺠﻭﻟﻭﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
لﻤﺎﻌﻟﺍ
-
ﻪـﻨﺇ
 
ﺙﻴﺤ 
 
ﺩﺭﻔﻠﻟ 
 
ﺔﻴﺠﻭﻟﻭﻴﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺹﺌﺎﺼﺨﻠﻟ 
 
ﺔﻠﺼﺤﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﻫ
)
،ﻥﺎﻋﺭﻘﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﻠﺨ 
 
ﺩﻤﺤﺃ
2004
ﺹ 
 
،
100
(. 
ﻟﺍ
 
ﻍﺎﻤﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﻕﻁﺎﻨﻤ 
 
ﻁﺎﺸﻨ 
 
ﻥﺃ
 
ﺎﻤﻜ ﻲﺘ ﺱﻭﻤﻼﺜﻭﺒﻬﻟﺎﺒ 
 
ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ
 
ﻕﻠﻁﻴ 
 
Hypothalamus
ﺔﺒـﺴﻨ 
 
ﺓﺩﺎﻴﺯﻭ 
 
،ﻤﺩﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
ﺀﺎﺒﺭﻬﻜﻟﺍـ ﻍﺎ ،ﻁﻀﺍﻭ ـ ـﻤﺭﻫ
 
ﺔﺒﺴﻨ 
 
ﺏﺍﺭ ـ ﻥﻴﻨﻭﺘﻭﺭﻴـﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻭ 
Serotonen
ﻥﻭـﻤﺭﻫﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻥﻭﺭﺘﺴﻭﺘﺴﺘﻟﺍ
Altsostron
ﺫ 
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﻱﺩﺅﺘ ـ ـﻟ 
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩـﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠـﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﻉﻭﻴ ـ ﻟﺍ
 
ﻯﺩ ـﻔ 
 
ﺩﺭ لـﻤﺎﻌﻟﺍﻭ لﺜﻤ،ﻲﺌﻴﺒﻟﺍ
:
ﻤ ـ ﻲﻓ 
 
ﹰﺍﺭﻭﺩ 
 
ﺏﻌﻠﻴ 
 
ﻱﺫﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﻬﻜﻭﻠﺴﻭ 
 
ﻥﻴﺩﻟﺍﻭﻟﺍ
 
ﻑﻗﺍﻭ 
:
ﺇﻁﺎﺒﺤﻹﺍﻭ 
 
،لﻔﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﺓﺭﻴﻐﻟﺍ
 
ﺓﺭﺎﺜ ،
 
ﺍﺯﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﻟﺩﺘﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
لﻔﻁﻠﻟ 
 
ﺔﻴﺴﺎﻘﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻠﻤﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍ
 
ﺩﻴﻠﻘﺘﻭ 
 
،
 
لﻔﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺎﺒﻠﻁ 
 
ﺔﻴﺒﻠﺘﻭ 
 
ﺩﺌ 
)
ﻟﺍ
 
لﻤﺃ،ﻲﻤﻭﺯﺨﻤ 
2006
ﺹ 
 
ﺹ 
 
،
 
2
 –
3
(. 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﺔﻓﺎﻀﺇﺭﺴﻷﺍ
 
ﺭﻴﺜﺄﺘﻟﺍﻱﺭﻗﻷﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺘﻟﺎﻜ 
 
ﺔﻴﺯﻤﺭﻟﺍ
 
ﺝﺫﺎﻤﻨﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻥﺍﺯﺎﻔﻠ ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺏﺎﺴﺘﻜﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺎﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺕﺍﺭﺒﺨﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍﺔﻘﺒ ﺍﻭ 
 
،ﺔﻴﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻟﺎﺴﻤﻠﻟ 
 
ﺭﺸﺎﺒﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﻠﻌﺘﻟ لﺜﻤ 
 
،
:
ﺭﺸﺎﺒﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺓﺭﺎﺜﻹﺍلﺎﻌﻓﻸﻟ 
 
ﺓﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍﻲﻓ 
 
ﺔﺤﻴﺭﺼﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻴﻨ ﻱﺃﺓﺭﺎﺜﺇﻭ 
 
،ﺕﺂﻓﺎﻜﻤﻟﺍﻭ 
 
ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘﻟﺍ
 
لﻼﺨ 
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺩﻴﻜﺄﺘﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺕﻗﻭ 
 
ﺎﻤﺇ
 
،لﻔﻁﻟﺍ،ﺕﺍﺩﻴﺩﻬﺘﻟﺎﺒ 
 
ﻲﻤﺴﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﻭﺠﻬﻟﺎﺒ 
 
ﺒ 
 
ﺎﻤﺃﻭ ﺕﺎﻨﺎﻫﻹﺎ ،ﺎﻤﺇﻭ ﺒ ﻑﺩﻫ
 
ﻭﺤﻨ 
 
ﻪﺠﻭﻤ 
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴ 
 
ﺔﻗﺎﻋﺈ ،ﺎﻤﺇﻭ ﺒ ،ﺯﻴﺯﻌﺘﻟﺍ
 
لﻴﻠﻘﺘ ﺒ 
 
ﺎﻤﺇﻭ ﻲﻨﺩﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﺏﺎﻘﻌﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻪﺌﺎﻬﻨﺈ 
)
،
 
ﺱﻭﻔﺴﻔﻟﺍ
 
ﺩﻤﺤﺃ
 
ﻥﺎﻨﺩﻋ
2006
ﺹ 
 
،
 
25
. (
ﻤﻜ ﺎ ﻊﻓﺍﻭﺩ 
 
ﺓﺩﻋ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﻯﺯﻋ
"
ﻘﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻙﻠﻤﺘﻟﺍﺔـﺴﻓﺎﻨﻤﻟﺍ
 
،ﺓﺭﻁﻴﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺃ
 
ﺓﻭ ،
 
ﻡﺎﻋ
 
ﻕﻴﻀ 
 
ﻭﺃ
 
ﻕﻠﻗﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺹﻘﻨﻟﺎﺒ 
 
ﺭﻭﻌﺸﻟﺍﻭ 
")
ﻲﻤﻠﺤﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻲﺠﻴﻠﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﻡﻌﻨﻤﻟﺍ
 
ﺩﺒﻋ،
 
ﻲﺠﻴﻠﻤﻟﺍ
1973
ﺹ 
 
،
 
ﺹ 
230
 –
231
(.
ﺭﻅﻨﻭ ﹰﺎﻴﻤﻭﻴ 
 
ﻲﻨﻴﻁﺴﻠﻔﻟﺍ
 
لﻔﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﻩﺩﻫﺎﺸﻴ 
 
ﺎﻤﻟ 
 
ﹰﺍﻥﻤ 
:
لـﺒﻗ 
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﻡﺩﻫﻭ 
 
،ﺩﻴﺭﺸﺘﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺭﻴﻤﺩﺘﻭ 
 
،
 
لﺘﻗ ﻟﺍ،
 
ﻡﺸﺎﻐﻟﺍ
 
ﻲﻨﻭﻴﻬﺼﻟﺍ
 
ﻭﺩﻌ ﻙﻟﺫ 
 
لﻜ ،
 
ﺓﺀﺍﺭﺒﻟﺍﻭ 
 
ﺔﻠﺒﺠﻟﺍ
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﻕﻠﺨ 
 
ﻪﻨﺇ
 
ﺙﻴﺤ 
 
،
 
ﻪﻨﻴﻭﻜﺘ 
 
ﺭﻴﻴﻐﺘ 
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
ﻯﺩﺃ
 
ﻥﺍﻭﺃ
 
ﻥﺎـﺤ 
 
ﺍﺫﺇ
 
،
 
ﻪـﺘﻭﻗﻭﻤ 
 
ﺔـﻠﺒﻨﻗ 
 
ﻪﻨﻤ 
 
ﺕﻠﻌﺠ 
 
،
 
ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﻻﺍ
 
ﺭﻴﻏ
 
ﺕﺎﻴﻜﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
لﻭﺒﻘﻟ 
 
ﻩﺩﺍﺩﻌﺘﺴﺍ
 
ﻥﻜﻟ 
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﻭﻫ
 
ﺭﺭﻀﺘ 
 
،
 
ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺠﻔﻨﺍﺔﻴﻨﺎﺜ 
 
ﺔﻬﺠ 
 
ﻥﻤ 
 
ﻪﻌﻤﺘﺠﻤ 
 
ﺭﺭﻀﺘﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺔﻬﺠ 
. 
ﻟﻭﻔﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﻠﺤﺭﻤ 
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
لﻔﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺎﻜ 
 
ﺎﻤﻟﻭ ﺹﺼﻘﻟﺍﻭ 
 
،
 
ﺕﺎﻴﺎﻜﺤﻟﺍ
 
ﻉﺎﻤﺘﺴﺍ
 
ﻰﻟﺇ
 
لﻴﻤﻴ 
 
ﺔ 
)
ﺩـﻤﺎﺤ 
 
،
 
ﻥﺍﺭﻫﺯ 
1977
ﺹ 
 
،
216
(
،ﺔﺌﻁﺎﺨﻟﺍ
 
ﺭﺎﻜﻓﻷﺍ
 
ﻥﻴﻭﻜﺘ 
 
ﻲﻓ 
 
ﺃﺩﺒ ،ﺎﻤﺩﻨﻋﻉﺎﺠﺸﻟﺍ
 
لﻔﻁﻟﺍ
 
ﻥﺃ
 
ﻡﻬﻓ ،ﻭﻫﻴﺭﺨﻵﺍ
 
ﻉﺭﺼﻴ 
 
ﻱﺫﻟﺍﻰﻨﺴﺤﻟﺎﺒ 
 
ﻻ
 
،
 
ﻩﺩﻴﺒ 
 
ﻪﻘﺤ 
 
ﺫﺨﺄﻴﻭ 
 
،
 
ﻥ 
. 
ﻭ 
 
،ﻉﺭﺎـﺸﻟﺍ
 
ﻲـﻓ 
 
لﺎﻔﻁﻷﺍ
 
ﻯﺩﻟ 
 
ﺔﻴﻤﻭﻴﻟﺍ
 
ﺔﺸﻴﺎﻌﻤﻠﻟ 
 
ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻨﻭ 
 
،ﻩﻼﻋﺃ
 
ﺀﺎﺠ 
 
ﺎﻤﻟ 
 
ﹰﺎﺴﻴﺴﺄﺘﻭ ﻥﻜﺎـﻤﻷﺍﺍﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﻤﻟ ﺙﺤﺎﺒﻟﺍ
 
ﻅﺤﻻ
 
،ﻬﻅ 
 
ﺎﻬﻨﻤﻭ 
 
،ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻤﺘﺠﻻﺍ
 
ﺭﻴﻏ
 
ﺕﺎﻴﻜﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ
 
ﺽﻌﺒ 
 
ﺭﻭ 
:
ﺙﻴﺤ 
 
،
 
ﻲﻨﺍﻭﺩﻌﻟﺍ
 
ﻙﻭﻠﺴﻟﺍ

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