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Greed Disguised as Humantarianism: The Story of The Congo Reform Movement

Greed Disguised as Humantarianism: The Story of The Congo Reform Movement

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Published by Tyler

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Published by: Tyler on Mar 20, 2010
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07/27/2013

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Greed Disguised as Humanitarianism:
The Story of the Congo Reform Movement 
William Tyler GroveAppalachian Spring Conference in World History and EconomicsMarch 20, 2010
 
The Childhood of Human Rights: the Kodak on theCongo,
 ±
Sharon Sliwinski argues that the Congo Reform effort canbe regarded as a forerunner of present-day humanitariangroups such as Human Rights Watch and AmnestyInternational
This paper disagrees with this premise.
 ±
This effort was not a precursor to Amnesty International.
The reasons for the movement seem to be four-fold:
 ±
Some wanted change for financial motives, religious motives
 ±
Scapegoating(Leopold) and philanthropic interests.
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Some simply wanted someone else to blame for the conditions of European Imperialism
 ±
Members of the Congo Reform Association (CRA) may not have consciously realizedtheir true motivations for joining the group, but ultimately they were not drivenprimarily by humanitarian aims..
 
The Congo Free State1885
80 times the size of Belgium
All unoccupied land was madeproperty of State
Organized Congo state to extractwealth from local populations
 ±
Destroyed traditional economy
 ±
forces natives to work only for thestate or concessionaries.

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