Earthworms also create an extensive network of tubes or canals in the soil to a veryconsiderable depth. Rainwater and air follow this network bringing life to the soil. Theroots of plants will also follow this immense network of tubes. It is estimated thatearthworms turn 35 tons of soil per acre per year. No rototiller can work as well inmaking passageways for the easy penetration of roots.Healthy soil can contain 1 to 2 million earthworms per acre. Earthworms can produce 20to 40 tons of nutrient rich castings per acre, per year, improving and enriching the soil.Beneath our feet our organic soils are in motion and continually being enriched.Even in death the earthworm continues to enrich the soil. At least 1,000 pounds of earthworm bodies are decaying in an acre of organic soil throughout the year, with this protein-rich matter releasing an estimated 40 pounds of available nitrogen all through theyear, as well as contributing to other life cycles in the soil.We need to invest in the long-term health of our soils. A better balance of soil life wardsoff attacks by pathogens in the soil by out competing them for space in a healthy soilenvironment. Plant cells walls grow stronger and thicker enabling them to better wardoff foliar attacks by pests. Plants that are used for food production contain higher nutritional levels when grown in a healthy, organic rich soil. Good soil health leads toour foods having more ascorbic acid (vitamin C), more anti-oxidants (important in cancer and heart disease), more flavinoids (better taste), and more resveratrol (anti-aging).
Thinking About the Home Lawn
What is the most important first step in growing a superior home lawn?It is the grass seed that is planted, whether it is a new lawn or the maintenance of anexisting lawn. Remember the lawn can be no better than the grass seed that is used. Allthe fertilizer and control products that are used will not change this fact. So start withsuperior, competitive grass plants and the rest will fall into place.How does Jonathan Green get superior, competitive grass plants? We have our ownturfgrass breeding program. By means of this program we have developed lawn grassesthat are truly superior. These perennial turfgrasses produce a beautiful lawn, even under tough growing conditions. The Jonathan Green Grass Seed Mixtures have been designedfor organic lawn care programs, so they require less water and fertilizer and possess moredrought, heat tolerant and insect resistant varieties. The Black Beauty Turf-Type TallFescue, the Blue Panther Kentucky Bluegrass the New Frontier Perennial Ryegrass andthe Flying Eagle Fine Fescue elite turfgrass varieties are the end result of this program.3