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Time Delay Neural Networks

# Time Delay Neural Networks

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08/31/2010

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Selection of a pattern in time delay neural network based on inputtechniques
Basics: A time delay neural network is largely based on time series which is largelydependent on the input as a sequence of time inputs.A time delay neural network has an input equation based on z-transform.The input insuch a case is based on a time series.These time based input creates a distinct pattern inthe network.Z-transform- The function notation for sequences is used in the study and application of z-transform.Consider a function X(t) defined for t >=0 that is sampled at times t =T,2T,3T,…… where T is the sampling period .We can write the sample as a sequenceusing the notation { Xn = x(nT)
n=0 to
}Inverse Z transform : Let x(z) be the transform of sequence { Xn}.Then Xn is given bythe formulaXn =
Ζ
-1
[ X(z)] where Z1,Z2,Z3…….Zk are the poles of f(z) = X(z) Z
n-1
The functions corresponding to Z transform are given byS = { b,b
n
,e
2n
,n,n
2
,n
m
,nb
n
,ne
2n
}As an example find the Z-transform for the input equation X = b
n
X(z) =
=
0
n
nbn
= z/ z-bWe can also define various properties of (i)

Linearity. .(ii)

Delay Shift. .(iii)

X(t+1)X(t)X(t-1)X(t-2)X(t-3)

Now we define a new type of neural network which not only takes inputs through a timeseries trying to recognize the final input through the neural network .It also tries toreplicate selective patterns fed to it at previous times.Model Structure of a time delay neural network The above time delay neural network takes input on each neuron of it’s input layer in theformat 1,2,3,4.The output at any neuron in the hidden layer as well as the output layer is defined by theZ-transform equation.These inputs modify the weights and cause the learning process.The inputs in time series1,2,3,4 cause the neurons in the hidden layer to be modified and 4 inputs the result isobtained in the 5
th
time slot from the output neuron. New Structure : Under the new structure the time delay network has four inputsT0,T1,T2,T3
X(5)
T4H0H14321T0T1T2
T0
T3C