In typical earthquakes, motion along a fault is initiated at a single point (
on a map)and the tear propagates outward from there, triggering other segments to slip. Much of the energy isreleased as motion waves radiating from the fault.
travel through the body of the material
are compressional waves, like sound in air
are vibrations at right angles to the direction of propagation, like light. ±
travel along an interface, as between air and ground, or loose materials and bedrock andcause most of the damage in earthquakes.
travel along the rock-air interface, and cause the most damage and are like water waves
are transverse and travel along solid-solid boundaries, like bedrock.