Research Design:( Ramdayal Kumawat, MBA (AB) 1
year student IABM SKRAUBikaner)Introduction :
Research problems are to be dealt in different ways. Someresearch problems may require only library research, whereas others may requireconducting a series of personal interviews at different levels. Each method has itsown advantages and disadvantages. One method may be most appropriate for aparticular research problem and other may be for some other problem. Then thequestion is how do we know which method is to be adopted for analyzing the givenresearch problem. It is for this reason researchers should select a research design.Research design, in simple terms, means an outline of the research project’sworkings. Itcomprises of prior decisions that make up the master plan for executing a researchproject. Themaster plan should at least include the following:1. statement of the study objectives, the output of the research.2. Statement of the data inputs, or causal data, on the basis of which the solution isto be reached.3. The analytical method with which the inputs will be treated or calculated.
Illustration of the format of the Research Design
For instance the research problem is to find out the impact of System of RiceIntensification(SRI) paddy cultivation on the input use and the yield per hectare of paddy. Thehypothesis here is that the SRI cultivation increases yield per hectare and reducesthe usage of water and other essential inputs. The design would have threeelements:1. The objective is to measure the impact of SRI paddy cultivation on input use andoutputlevels.2. The relevant data should be gathered with the help of a well designed scheduleor aquestionnaire3. The methodology means the tools and techniques that would be used to analysethe data
Benefits of a Research Design:
A research design serves as a bridge between what has been established (theresearch objectives) and what is to be done. If there is no explicit design, theresearchers would have only foggy notions about what to do. It is extremelydesirable that the design be put in writing. The design thus guides the conduct of the research.
Types of Research Designs:
Research designs are categorized into three types. These are (1) exploratory, (2)descriptiveand (3) causal.