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W. H. Norton - The Elements of Geology

W. H. Norton - The Elements of Geology

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The Elements of Geology
W. H. Norton
 
Table of Contents
The Elements of Geology....................................................................................................................................1
W. H. Norton............................................................................................................................................1PREFACE................................................................................................................................................1INTRODUCTORY NOTE......................................................................................................................3INTRODUCTION. THE SCOPE AND AIM OF GEOLOGY..............................................................3PART I. EXTERNAL GEOLOGICAL AGENCIES...........................................................................................5CHAPTER I. THE WORK OF THE WEATHER...................................................................................5CHAPTER II. THE WORK OF GROUND WATER...........................................................................17CHAPTER III.RIVERS AND VALLEYS...........................................................................................23CHAPTER IV.RIVER DEPOSITS......................................................................................................35CHAPTER V. THE WORK OF GLACIERS........................................................................................42CHAPTER VI. THE WORK OF THE WIND......................................................................................51CHAPTER VII.THE SEA AND ITS SHORES...................................................................................54CHAPTER VIII. OFFSHORE AND DEEP−SEADEPOSITS............................................................61PART II. INTERNAL GEOLOGICAL AGENCIES.........................................................................................68CHAPTER IX.MOVEMENTS OF THE EARTH'S CRUST..............................................................68CHAPTER X. EARTHQUAKES..........................................................................................................81CHAPTER XI. VOLCANOES..............................................................................................................84CHAPTER XII.UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES OF IGNEOUS ORIGIN...................................91CHAPTER XIII. METAMORPHISM AND MINERAL VEINS........................................................97PART III. HISTORICAL GEOLOGY.............................................................................................................101CHAPTER XIV. THE GEOLOGICAL RECORD.............................................................................101CHAPTER XV.THE PRE−CAMBRIAN SYSTEMS........................................................................107CHAPTER XVI. THE CAMBRIAN...................................................................................................112CHAPTER XVII. THE ORDOVICIAN AND SILURIAN...............................................................116CHAPTER XVIII. THE DEVONIAN.................................................................................................121CHAPTER XIX. THE CARBONIFEROUS.......................................................................................125CHAPTER XX. THE MESOZOIC.....................................................................................................132CHAPTER XXI. THE TERTIARY.....................................................................................................140CHAPTER XXII. THE QUATERNARY............................................................................................149
The Elements of Geologyi
 
The Elements of Geology
W. H. Norton
This page copyright © 2001 Blackmask Online.http://www.blackmask.com
PREFACE
INTRODUCTORY NOTE
INTRODUCTION. THESCOPE AND AIM OF GEOLOGY
PART I. EXTERNAL GEOLOGICAL AGENCIES
CHAPTER III.RIVERS AND VALLEYS
CHAPTER IV.RIVER DEPOSITS
CHAPTER V. THE WORK OF GLACIERS
CHAPTER VIII. OFFSHORE AND DEEP−SEADEPOSITS
PART II. INTERNAL GEOLOGICAL AGENCIES
CHAPTER X. EARTHQUAKES
PART III. HISTORICAL GEOLOGY
CHAPTER XVI. THE CAMBRIAN
CHAPTER XVIII. THE DEVONIAN
CHAPTER XX. THE MESOZOIC
CHAPTER XXI. THE TERTIARY
CHAPTER XXII. THE QUATERNARY
This etext was produced by Robert Rowe, Charles Franksand the Online Distributed Proofreading Team
PREFACE
Geology is a science of such rapid growth that no apology is expected when from time to time a newtext−book is added to those already in the field. The present work, however, is the outcome of the need of atext−book of very simple outline, in which causes and their consequences should be knit together as closelyas possible,a need long felt by the author in his teaching, and perhaps by other teachers also. The author hasventured, therefore, to depart from the common usage which subdivides geology into a number of departments,dynamical, structural, physiographic, and historical,and to treat in immediate connection witheach geological process the land forms and the rock structures which it has produced.
The Elements of Geology1

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