And facilities through public transport use, walking and cycling,High density would seem to be a fundamental prerequisite.However, the design of the sustainable urban formCannot be restricted to high-density development alone. Lowerdensities are a reality in many places and it is suggested that theywill continue to be. Sustainable design must thenbe adaptable to the specific requirements of a particular urbanform, be it high or low density.
"Sprawl" is the increased use of urbanized land by fewer peoplethan in the past. Traditional cities were compact and efficient, butover the past 30-50 years, the density of land used per person hasdeclined drastically.
IMPACTS OF URBAN SPRAWL
1.Loss of Farmland2.Loss of wildlife habitats.3.Increased TAX Burden.4.Increased air pollution5.Increased water use and pollution6.Increased energy consumption7.Social fragmentation8.Loss of time9.Increased private costs and risks10.Loss of exercise11.Degraded and noisy surroundings12.Damage to tourism industry
In Chennai, urban
is becoming one of the mostdominant problem of chennai
as this city is increasing atfringe of an urban area over rural land.
As a result, several people have settled down in lake areasand in dry beds of water bodies. The reason being that it ischeaper to buy land and build a small shelter on. Over theyears, these houses get bigger. The
of lakes, tanks, canals and water bodies has onlyaccentuated the problems for those who have built theirhomes on approved layouts.
Madhavaram and Valasaravakkam are classic examples of this
These burgeoning residential localities have