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Solution 3 Antenna

# Solution 3 Antenna

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02/27/2013

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Solutions 3 Fundamentals Antennas and Propagation, Frühjahrssemester 2010
Problem 3.1 :
A uniform plane wave is propagating in direction of the positive z-axis. Find the polarization(linear, circular, or elliptical), sense of rotation (CW or CCW), axial ratio (AR), and tilt angle
τ
(in degrees) fora)

x
E
=
and
0
φ
Δ =
,b)

x
E
and
0
φ
Δ =
,c)

x
E
=
and
/2
φ π
Δ =
,d)

x
E
=
and
/2
φ π
Δ = −
,e)

x
E
=
and
/4
φ π
Δ =
,f)

x
E
=
and
/4
φ π
Δ = −
,g)

0.5
x
E
=
and
/2
φ π
Δ =
,h)

0.5
x
E
=
and
/2
φ π
Δ = −
.In all cases justify the answer.a) Linear because
0
φ
=
.b) Linear because
0
φ
=
.c) Circular because
x
E
=
and
2
φ π
=
,LHCP / CCW,
AR 1
=
.d) Circular because
x
E
=
and
2
φ π
= −
,RHCP / CW,
AR 1
=
.e) Elliptical because
φ
Δ
is not multiples of
2
π
,CCW,
AR :

0
x
E E
= =
:
( )[ ]( )[ ]
1/20 01/20 0
OA 0.5 1 1 2 1.30656OB 0.5 1 1 2 0.5411961.30656AR 2.4140.541196
E E
= + + = = + = = =

( )( )
1
1 2 1 cos 45 190 tan 90 90 452 1 1 2
τ
= = =

Solutions 3 Fundamentals Antennas and Propagation, Frühjahrssemester 2010
f) Elliptical because
φ
Δ
is not multiples of
2
π
,CW,
AR OA/OB
=
:
00
OA 1.306561.30656AR 2.4140.541196OB 0.541196
= = ==

( )
190 90 452
τ
= − =
g) Elliptical because:
x
E
AND
φ
Δ
is not zero nor multiples of
π
.CCW,
AR OA/OB
=
.
( )
[ ]
( )
[ ]
1/21/2
OA 0.5 0.25 1 0.751AR 20.5OB 0.5 0.25 1 0.75 0.5
y y
E E
= + + == == + =

( )
1
1 0 190 tan 90 0 902 0.75 2
τ
= = =
h) Elliptical because:
x
E
AND
φ
Δ
is not zero nor multiples of
π
.CW,
AR OA/OB
=
.

OA1AR 20.5OB 0.5
== ==

( )
190 0 902
τ
= =
.

Solutions 3 Fundamentals Antennas and Propagation, Frühjahrssemester 2010
Problem 3.2 :
Write a general expression for the polarization loss factor (PLF) of two linearly polarizedantennas if a) both lie in the same plane,b) both lie in different planes.a) assuming that both polarization vectors are in the
xy
-plane:
cos sincos sin
w x w y a x a y
a a
ρ φ φρ φ φ
= += +
        

( ) ( )
( )
2222
PLF cos sin cos sinPLF cos cos sin sin cos
w a x w y w x a y w a w a w
a a a
ρ ρ φ φ φ φφ φ φ φ φ φ
= = + += ⋅ + =
   
b) arbitrarily directed polarization vectors:
sin cos sin sin cossin cos sin sin cos
w x w w y w w z a x a a y a a z
a a a a
ρ θ φ θ φ θρ θ φ θ φ θ
= + += + +
      

( )( )
( )
2222
PLFsin cos sin sin cossin cos sin sin cossin cos sin cos sin sin sin sin cos cossin sin cos cos sin sin cos cossin sin
w x w w y w w z x a a y a a z w w a a w w a a w w a w a w a w w
a a a a
ρ ρθ φ θ φ θθ φ θ φ θθ φ θ φ θ φ θ φ θ θθ θ φ φ φ φ θ θθ θ
= = + + + += + += + +=
     
( )
2
cos cos cos
w a w
φ φ θ θ
+

x y z
φθ
x y z
φ