REACTIVE VS PROACTIVE POLICE
1. Discuss the contributions of the English police system to the Americansystem of policing?
As you may know, the first colonial settlers who came to America were most of themEnglish. This means it was the English who brought with them the Peel law enforcementsystem. But later Americans modified this system since there are physical and culturalenvironment differences with England.History informs us that in 1844, New York was the first American city to model a policedepartment along the Peel law enforcement principals.For more information regarding US Police System to help you detail your homework,please check this link:http://law.jrank.org/pages/1675/Police-Organization-Management.html
2. Do police really have a daily perception of violence? Explain your response?
Of course they do. And their perceptions are important for two reasons. First of all, thepolice are in daily and regular contact with criminals, observe violence and have muchmore accurate perceptions of the criminal rate variations. Second, they are the peoplemost likely to translate perceptions of growing violent/non-violent crime into formalcharges. The police can report increase of violent, the nature of increase, causes andconsequences of such increase and even the quality of violent crime (violent/criminalpeople are much more able to use the weapon to commit crimes). The police can alsoshare perceptions about the justice system to respond to violence.
3. Distinguish between a proactive and reactive police agency. What majorcharacteristics identify the proactive police agency?
We talk about Reactive Police Agency when the police respond to specific requests fromindividuals/groups in the community which encompasses immediate response to calls andfollow-up investigations. The Proactive Police Agency is when the police are acting on their own initiative, in orderto develop information about crime as well as strategies for suppression. For example, apolice officer reactively responding to a dispatched call could, nonetheless, resolve theissue proactively by mediating between the parties or using informal action. Similarly, incontrast to routine patrol, the directed patrol involves officers being instructed to monitorspecific areas that are identified through problem/crime analysis when they are notresponding to dispatch calls. Directed patrol is more proactive than random preventativepatrol, but it still lacks the component of problem oriented policing that engages thecommunity in resolving crime issues. Also proactive policing results in more arrests,detention and filing of reports than reactive policing.
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