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Whisker formatio PhD Thesis

Whisker formatio PhD Thesis

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Published by: smtdrkd on May 05, 2008
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Document: TIN WHISKER RISK ASSESSMENT STUDIESTong Fang, Doctor of Philosophy, 2005Directed By: Professor Michael G. PechtDepartment of Mechanical EngineeringAs a result of the global transition to lead (Pb)-free electronics, pure tin and hightin lead-free alloys have been widely adopted by the electronics part manufacturers as thematerials of terminal finishes. However, electrically conductive tin whiskers have beenfound to develop in pure tin or high tin alloy finished surfaces, resulting in a reliabilityconcern. Experimental results and observation appear to support the hypothesis that thedriving forces for whisker formation is compressive stress. However, no accepted modeland accelerated factors are available to describe and predict whisker growth. Though theissue of metal whiskers has been studied for over 60 years, currently there is no anindustry-wide accepted methodology to quantify tin whisker risk.In this dissertation, a tin whisker risk assessment algorithm, which mainly focuseson bridging risk, is developed. The goal of this risk assessment algorithm is to provide a practical methodology for the electronics industry to quantify the failure risks posed bytin whiskers on tin-plated electronic products. This algorithm assessES tin whisker  bridging risk quantitatively as a function of time. Probabilistic and statistical methods areapplied to quantify the risk parameters, such as whisker density and length, related to
assess tin whisker risk. Monte Carlo technique is the basic tool to sample the whiskersand assess the bridging risk.Two experiments are designed and conducted to simulate bridging failures caused by fixed and broken free whiskers. The methods to collect the information of the risk  parameters are demonstrated. Prediction of whisker growth and tin whisker bridging risk is conducted based on the collected information. Error analyses on the differences between simulation and experimental results are provided.
 TIN WHISKER RISK ASSESSMENT STUDIESByTong FangDissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of theUniversity of Maryland, College Park, in partial fulfillmentof the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy2005Advisory Committee:Professor Michael G. Pecht, Chair/Advisor Professor David F. BarbeAssociate Professor Peter A. SandbornAssociate Professor F. Patrick McCluskeyAssistant Professor Bao YangDr. Michael D. Osterman

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