AP World History Cumulative ReviewAP World History Cumulative ReviewAP World History Cumulative ReviewAP World History Cumulative Review
1Chapter 3: Early African Societies and the Bantu Migrations
Herodotus was Greek. He was a famous historian in early civilizations andrecorded Egyptian history after the peak years had passed. He referred toEgypt as “the gift of the Nile”.Chapter 4: Early Societies in South Asia
The Hindu castes were determined by the color of one’s skin. There were fourmain castes, plus the untouchables.
Brahmins, or priests, were the highest class. They were wealthy, lived intemples, and were the liaison between mortals and gods.
Kshatriyas were the warrior class.
Vaishyas were the common people: merchants, artisans, etc.
Shudras were the peasants and workers. In the beginning, they wereprominently composed of Dravidians.
Untouchables were not classified as human and comprised of 5% of thepopulation. They worked in jobs that the other castes found undesirable.
Aryans – Indian
Indo-European in origin. The term “Indo-European” is from the 19
centuryand is used to describe those speaking the same language group.
From Russia and Siberia.
Hitler’s perception of Aryans
A race that included the ancient Greeks and Romans, as well asScandinavians.
Modern developments in art, science, and technology were attributed tothe Aryans
Once “rulers” of the Earth
Would come to dominate the world and were light skinned, blond-haired,blue-eyed.
Complete fabrication, identified with being founders of western thoughtand civilization and having a powerful influence on culture and literacy.
The “ideal person” has no envy, gluttony, greed, or attachment tomaterial goods.
Each individual is a small part of the universe and is important for theoverall function of the universe.
All living things must be respected and treated as equals.
The highest goal is to escape reincarnation and join Brahman (perfection).