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NY Times - Special Edition July 4, 2009

NY Times - Special Edition July 4, 2009

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INTERNATIONAL A4-5
Gitmo, Other Centers Closed
The notorious Guantánamo Bay, Cubadetention camp will be closed, along witha network o secret C.I.A.-run acilitiesin Eastern Europe, Aghanistan and else-where.
PAGE A24
Iraqi Reugees WorldwideCelebrate Withdrawal
Two million Iraqi exiles, and three millioninternal reugees, celebrated the end ohostilities and began making plans toreturn to their homes.
PAGE A4
NATIONAL A6-9
Conict o Interest Law Will StopRevolving Door 
The “Revolving Door” bill will prohibithigh-ranking corporate ocers romholding public oce or ten years uponleaving their companies, and publicocials rom accepting managementpositions at large corporations or thesame period. Coupled with the Ban onLobbying bill, the bill will reduce theinfuence o large corporations on publicpolicy.
PAGE B1
Health Insurance Act Clears House
While almost all are celebrating thepassage o the National Health Insur-ance Act, which nally brings the U.S.up to par with other developed nations,representatives o Kaiser, Cigna and otherhealth insurance companies are vowingto “ght tooth and nail” to protect theirinterests.
PAGE A7
Bush to Face Charges
Most observers weren’t surprised by thehigh treason indictment itsel, but ratherby the party that brought it. The casecould also provide an unexpected boostto the International Criminal Court, pav-ing the way or more indictments.
PAGE A5
BUSINESS A10-11
Corporate Personhood Gets Real
An initiative to abolish limited liabil-ity will make shareholders pay or thecrimes their corporations commit —even i they only own one or two sharesin a mutual und.
PAGE A11
NEW YORK A12
Bicycle Lanes Inaugurated
With the completion o the 9th Avenuebike lane and groundbreaking on otheravenues, New York is on the (bike) pathto becoming as livable as other worldcities.
PAGE A12
EDITORIAL A13
A Lobbyist Deends Lobbying
The Ban on Lobbying bill is not with-out victims.
 
PAGE A13
Thomas L. Friedman
The columnist resigns, and will putdown his pen to take up a screwdriver.
PAGE A13
A Baboon Troop’s Experience
A particularly peaceul baboon troopmay have lessons to teach us.
PAGE A13
 More Inside The Times.
PAGE A2
Popular Pressure UshersRecent Progressive Tilt
Std Cits Mvmts  Mssiv Shit i DC
By SAMUEL FIELDEN
The spate o reorm initiativesundertaken by the Administrationand both houses o Congress canbe attributed directly to grass-roots advocacy, according to acomprehensive study due out thismonth.“In education and health care,most notably, but also in housing,banking, and the environment, wehave documented unprecedentedresponsiveness on the part opolitical leaders,” said Dr. JoyceWellmon, director o the Plains In-stitute or Policy Analysis, a NewYork-based think tank. “Our datashow a direct correlation betweenthe level o activity o particularcoalitions, on the one hand, andspecic legislative action, on theother. It’s popular pressure that isresponsible or the switness andscope o legislation emerging romthe White House and Congress.”The institute’s report showsa three-old increase in the inci-dence o letters, phone calls, ax-es, and email received by congres-sional oces, 88 percent o whichwere rom people who identiedthemselves as new members oparticular activist organizations.The report includes extensive in-terviews with House and Senatesta, who speak o “unimaginablechange,” a “dramatic policy shit,”and “a new era o accountability”since the elections.“Not since the Great Depressionhas the interaction between popu-lar movements and public leadersbeen so robust,” said Jorge La-zaro, head o the U.S. GovernmentAccountability Oce. Lazaro cit-ed, in particular, the Wagner Act,also known as the National LaborRelations Act o 1935, which rec-ognized the right o workers toorganize and bargain collectivelywith their employers.“Roosevelt showed no interestin the Wagner Act until it becameclear the unions were going toorce it through regardless,” Mr.Lazaro noted. “At that point hejumped on it and helped push itinto law.”Mr. Lazaro also pointed to theDepression-era organizing o theFarmers’ Holiday Association,when armers reused to sell or bidon crops, blockaded roads, andeven once used a torpedo to halt atrain carrying livestock into Iowa.Such direct actions helped pushcourts and legislatures to adoptmeasures that granted relie romdebt caused by low crop prices.“The similarities between thetwo periods are remarkable, andthe lesson that emerges is simple:i you want change, keep our eetto the re.”Dr. Wellmon agrees. “The onlyreason the current President andCongress have been able to imple-ment all these changes, was be-cause o pressure rom popularmovements that made them haveto.”The Plains report, due out nextmonth, cites the work o groupsassociated with United or Peaceand Justice, an umbrella or anti-war groups, or galvanizing publicsupport or ending the war, andor pushing the Administration toresist the oil lobby and other inter-est groups. It also cites the work
TreaSury  announCeS“True CoST”Tax PLan
Mimm WgLw Sccds
Salary Caps Will HelpStabilize Economy
By MARCUS S. DRIGGS
The long-awaited “True Cost”plan, which requires product pric-es to refect their cost to society,has been signed into law.Beginning next month, throw-away items like plastic waterbottles and other items which arewasteul or damaging to the envi-ronment will be heavily taxed, as inmany developed countries. Steeptaxes will also apply to large carsand gasoline.The new plan calls or a 200 per-cent tax on gasoline, comparableto the one long in eect in most Eu-ropean countries. Companies andconsumers are already switchingin droves rom inecient gas vehi-cles to new electric cars. “We sud-denly have a waiting list 200 nameslong or the EV1,” said Jake Cluber,the owner o Cluber Chevrolet in
By J.K. MALONE
WASHINGTON — Ater long andoten bitter debate, Congress haspassed legislation, ercely oughtor by labor and progressivegroups, that will limit top salariesto teen times the minimum wage.Tying the bill to a plan o overallreorm o the U.S. economy, thebill echoes a similar eort enactedby President Franklin Roosevelt in1942, which was ollowed by thelongest period o growth or themiddle class in U.S. history.“When C.E.O. salaries remainstable thanks to high taxation ohigh salaries, there’s little incentiveto take big risks with shareholders’money, and the economy remainsin a steady growth mode,” said Sen-ator Barney Frank, one o the bill’sco-sponsors. “But when C.E.O. sala-ries can fy through the roo, there’sa very strong incentive or C.E.O.s
“All the NewsWe Hope to Print”
VOL. CLVIV . . No. 54,631NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 4, 2009FREE
Today,
clouds part, moresunshine, recent gloom pass-es.
Tonight,
strong letwardwinds.
Tomorrow,
a new day.Weather map throughout.
Recruiters Train or New Lie
As a ban is imposed on recruitingminors, ex-recruiters nationwidelook or new work. The Times ol-lows one on his job-hunt odysseythrough Manhattan and surround-ing areas.
BY BARRY GLOAD, PAGE A12
Last to Die
Two proportional monuments —one to the Iraqi dead, 300 eethigh, and one to the Americandead, 15 eet high — are unveiledin Baghdad, and a ve-year-oldboy whose liespan coincidedwith that o the Iraq War isremembered.
BY J. FINISTERRA, PAGE A5
USA Patriot Act Repealed
Eight years later, a shameacedCongress quietly repeals themuch-maligned USA Patriot Act,unanimously… or almost.
BY SYBIL LUDINGTON, PAGE A8
Evangelicals Open Homes toReugees
Up to a million Iraqi exiles —nearly hal o the total — will ndsanctuary in Christian homesacross the U.S., vows the NationalAssociation o Evangelicals. Otherdenominations are expected toollow.
BY W. WILBERFORCE, PAGE A7
Public Relations IndustryStarts to Shut Down
The public relations industry hasbeen criticized or misleadingthe American people, corruptingpoliticians, and even helping tostart wars. Now, it’s beginningthe process o shutting down orgood.
BY LOUIS BECK, PAGE A10
By MARION K. HUBBERT
Congress has voted to placeExxonMobil, ChevronTexaco, andother major oil companies underpublic stewardship, with the bulko the companies’ prots put ina public trust administered bythe United Nations, and used oralternative energy research anddevelopment in order to solve theglobal climate crisis.While unusual, this is not therst time the government has cho-sen to take control o large corpo-rations. From 1942 to 1944, U.S. caractories were retooled in order toproduce tanks or the war eort.And Fannie Mae and Freddie Macwere both created as “governmentsponsored enterprises” with a sig-nicant amount o governmentoversight.“We can do what needs tobe done,” said Senator CharlesSchumer, Democrat o New York.“Our planet’s survival is at stake.Plus, public pressure hasn’t givenus much o a choice.”Not everyone elt the move wasa good idea. “The climate crisismay or may not be real,” declaredSenator Kay Bailey Hutchison, Re-publican o Texas. “I’m an agnosticand I’m staying that way. But sea
By FRANK LARIMORE
Ex-Secretary o State Condolee-za Rice reassured soldiers that theBush Administration had knownwell beore the invasion that Sadd-am Hussein lacked weapons omass destruction.“Now that all o you braveservicemen and women are re-turning, it’s important to us toreassure you, and the Americanpeople, that we were certain Hus-sein had no W.M.D.s and that hewould never launch a rst strikeagainst the U.S.,” Ms. Rice told agroup o wounded soldiers at aVeterans’ Administration hospitalyesterday.“I want you to know that i wehad had the slightest suspicionthat Saddam could use W.M.D.sagainst you, we never would havesent hundreds o thousands oyou to be sitting ducks on the Iraqiborder or several months.”Mr. Rice was reerring to the actthat by August 2002, eight monthsbeore the ground invasion, the UShad over 100,000 troops stationedin countries throughout the Gul, anumber that grew to over 300,000shortly beore the 2003 attack onBaghdad. Most o these were with-in range o the Scud missiles usedby Mr. Hussein in the 1991 GulWar, that could easily have beentted with chemical or biologicalweapons i they had existed.Rice noted that in the 1991 GulWar, Hussein had used missiles tolaunch attacks on Israel, whichmade him popular with Arab citi-zens throughout the Middle East.“Do you really think we wouldhave given Saddam a major pub-lic relations coup by allowing himto annihilate tens o thousands oyou right there on holy territory?”asked Ms. Rice.Former Secretary o State HenryA. Kissinger responded to Ms.Rice’s revelation without surprise.“O course this was the case.When Israel believed Iraq had nu-clear weapons in 1981, they didn’tattack on the ground — theybombed rom the air. That’s a pre-emptive attack. I you believe de-terrence will not prevent an attackand that your enemy has W.M.D.s,then the last thing you do is sta-tion your troops right next door.”ABC’s George StephanopoulosThe President has called orswit passage o the Saeguardsor a New Economy (S.A.N.E.) bill.The omnibus economic packageincludes a ederal maximum wage,mandatory “True Cost Account-ing,” a phased withdrawal romcomplex nancial instruments,and other measures intended toimprove lie or ordinary Ameri-cans. (See highlights box on PageA10.) He also repeated earlier callsor passage o the “Ban on Lobby-ing” bill currently making its waythrough Congress.Treasury Secretary Paul Krug-man stressed the importance othe bill. “Markets make great ser-vants, terrible leaders, and absurdreligions,” said Krugman, quotingPaul Hawken, an advocate o cor-porate responsibility and authoro “Blessed Unrest, How the Larg-est Movement in the World Cameinto Being and Why No One Saw ItComing.”“At this point, the market is ourleader and our religion. No won-der the median standard o livinghas been declining so much or solong.”Krugman said that the newTreasury bill seeks to ensure theprosperity o all citizens, ratherthan simply supporting large cor-porations and the wealthy. “Themarket is supposed to serve us.Unortunately, we have ended upserving the market. That’s verybad.”Much as Roosevelt, ater theGreat Depression, put the brakeson C.E.O. wages and irresponsiblebanking practices, administrationocials claim that today we needto rein in the industry that hascaused such chaos and misery.“The building blocks o post-World War II American middle-class prosperity have all beenswept away,” said House SpeakerNancy Pelosi, who initially op-
Troops to Return Immediately
By JUDE SHINBIN
WASHINGTON — OperationIraqi Freedom and Operation En-during Freedom were brought toan unceremonious close todaywith a quiet announcement by theDepartment o Deense that troopswould be home within weeks.“This is the best ace we can puton the most unortunate adven-ture in modern American history,”Deense spokesman Kevin Sitessaid at a special joint session oCongress. “Today, we can nallyenjoy peace — not the peace othe brave, perhaps, but at leastpeace.”As U.S. and coalition troopswithdraw rom Iraq and Aghani-stan, the United Nations will movein to perorm peacekeeping dutiesand aid in rebuilding. The U.N. willbe responsible or keeping the twocountries stable; coordinating therebuilding o hospitals, schools,highways, and other inrastruc-ture; and overseeing upcomingelections.The Department o the Treasuryconrmed that all U.N. dues owedby the U.S. were paid as o thismorning, and that moneys previ-ously earmarked or the war wouldbe sent directly to the U.N.’s IraqOversight Body.The president noted that theIraq War had resulted in the burn-ing o many bridges. “Yet our his-tory with our allies runs deep,” hesaid, “and we all know that riendsorgive riends or anything. Ornearly.” A spokesperson or theFrench Ministry o Deense con-rmed that France would assistthe U.S. withdrawal. “The U.S.helped the Soviet Union deeatHitler. We do recognize that.”In confict zones worldwide,leaders and rebels pledged peace.(See ”In Confict Zones Worldwide,Peace Moves,” on Page A4.)On Wall Street, reactions weremixed, with the Dow Jones Indus-trial Average up 84 points, to closeat 4,212. While KBR stock wasquickly downgraded to a “junk”rating o BBB-, deense contrac-tors such as Lockheed Martin andNorthrop Grummon started up.
Continued on Page A5 Continued on Page A5 Continued on Page A6Continued on Page A10Continued on Page A10Continued on Page A10Continued on Page A5 
IRAQ WAR ENDS
 Nation Sets Its Sights on Building Sane Economy 
True Cost Tax, Salary Caps, Trust-Busting Top List
By T. VEBLEN
 See nytimes-se.com or more
 Nationalized Oil To Fund ClimateChange Efforts
 Ex-Secetay Apologizes fo W.M.D. Scae
300,000 Troops Never FacedRisk of Instant Obliteration
Special Edition
KC IVEY/THE NEW YORK TIMES
Protests organized by Witness Against Torture helped pave the wayor the close o the Guantánamo acility.
COURTESY ARMY.MIL
U.S. Army helicopters begin moving troops and equipment rom Saddam Hussein’s ormer Baghdad palace.
HELP MAKE THE NEWS, TODAY
 
“Special Interests”
The Times has in the past usedthe term “special interests” to de-scribe unions, environmentalistsand even whole ethnic groups,and has used the word “pander-ing” when politicians take thesegroups’ concerns into account.We have typically not, however,used “pandering” to reer to politi-cians catering to the interests ocorporations. The Times regretsthat our use o such languagemay have given the impressionthat the interests o corporationsare more important than those ocitizens.
Environment
We apologize or so oten ramingour environmental coverage roma business perspective; or over-estimating the costs o solutions,which has made problems seeminsurmountable; and or belittlingthe eorts o activists and localgovernment. Future coverage willacknowledge the importance ocreating laws to better regulateindustry, and readers can lookorward to a new Environmentsection every Thursday, begin-ning this week.
Advertising
The Times acknowledges thataccepting money rom the verycorporations whose activitieswe are responsible or reportingon — running ads rom Exxon-Mobil while reporting on climatechange, or example, or romweapons manuacturers whilereporting on the Iraq War —represents an obvious confict ointerest. The Times is consideringtwo alternative revenue models.In one, similar to that o NationalPublic Radio, subsidies and con-tributions will make up the bal-ance o the budget not covered bysubscriptions. The other involvesestablishing exacting standardsor advertisers, similar to thoseo the Christian Science Monitor,or the Guardian in the U.K. Pleasealso see the Business section ora report on the end o publiclytraded NYT stock.
Automobiles
In past issues the New YorkTimes eatured an entire sectionon automobiles. Our senior vicepresident o advertising, AlexBuryk, once described this sec-tion as providing “well-integratedprint and online advertising op-portunities” that “meet advertis-ers’ demands.” As the eect oautomobiles on the global climatecrisis becomes evident, TheTimes acknowledges it made aserious error in expanding thissection by three and a hal pagesin the past two years. Develop-ments in the automobile industrywill rom now on be covered inour business and technology sec-tions, and only when newsworthy.There will be no more reviews ocars.
Portraits o Grie 
From September 14 to December31, 2001, the New York Timespublished “Portraits o Grie,”daily obituaries o the victims othe September 11 attacks. We areproud o this coverage, whichwon several awards. Tomorrow,the Times begins part two o theseries with obituaries o the civil-ians and soldiers killed between2001 and today in Aghanistanand Iraq. Two soldiers, and onehundred civilians, will be verybriefy memorialized each day,adding a ull old-out page to eachedition. The series will continueor thirty years. (Estimates o thenumber o Iraqis who have diedviolent deaths since the 2003invasion vary rom 100,000 towell over one million. The Timesapologizes or consistently usingonly the low end o this spectrumo estimates.)
Media Monopoly
The Times apologizes or under-reporting the eects and dangerso media consolidation, perhapsdue to our own eorts at mediaconsolidation: The Times owns al-most two dozen regional newspa-pers, a number o television andradio stations, and partial sharesin the Red Sox and the DiscoveryChannel. We now recognize thisconfict o interest. No newspapershould concern itsel with maxi-mizing prots, and the paper orecord should be held to an evenhigher standard than the rest othe publishing industry. Over thenext two months, The Times willvoluntarily trust-bust itsel, thuscontributing to the independenceo American journalism.
INTERNATIONAL
Peace Spreads to War Zones
Around the world, leaders andwarlords in confict zones aretaking the U.S. example to heart.“We nally see what civilizationcan mean,” said one rebel in acountry that wished to remainanonymous. “Now we know it’swhat we want.”
PAGEA4
NATIONAL
Rebuilding InrastructureBrings Opportunities
The state o America’s inra-structure, crumbling ater yearso neglect, is in or a $1.6 trillionoverhaul. But it won’t simply payor new highways. Instead, thereign o the automobile will beginto be brought to a close.
PAGEA6
End o the Secret Programs
Under pressure rom Congress,the Pentagon admits there is noplace in a democracy or secretprograms costing billions odollars annually, and announcesthat all “black budget” items willeither be eliminated or madepublic. Assuring transparencyremains a challenge.
PAGEA7
“America’s Army” GameGoes Diplomatic
The popular recruiting game isbeing beaten into a digital plow-share. “We’re training the nextgeneration o diplomats now,”said a developer o the renamed“America’s Diplomat.”
PAGEA8
Broadcast Reorms Launched
New regulations are on the wayat the F.C.C., with the centerpiecebeing an independent mediatrust, unded by a tax on advertis-ing sales, which could enable atruly independent public broad-casting system, the rst o its kindin the country.
PAGEC25
RU-486 Sales Approved
The F.D.A. announced approvalo RU-486, also known as theMorning Ater Pill, as an over-the-counter medication. In a tersestatement, the agency said, “TheF.D.A. is in the business o saety,not politics.”
PAGEB14
Voting Machine StandardsImplemented
The Election Assistance Com-mission, the ederal agency thatoversees voting, is mandating auniorm national ormat, a veri-able and anonymous paper trail,and stronger sotware securitymeasures. The new standardsmust be ully implemented atleast six months beore thecongressional elections o 2010.
PAGEB1
Equality o Marriage BillPasses Senate
With broad popular support,the “Equality o Marriage” billis expected to pass the Senateand move to the House later thisweek. The new legislation willallow anyone to marry the personhe or she loves — or needs theinsurance o.
PAGEB18
BUSINESS
Harvard Business SchoolCloses Doors
America’s oldest business schoolshuts its doors, citing the desireo America’s youth to better theworld, not extract maximumreturns rom it.
PAGEA10
NEW YORK
Military To Be Banned romNew York High Schools
The New York City Council isscheduled to vote on a measureto close the doors on the City’sJunior Reserve Ocer Train-ing Corps, ollowing complaintsby parents and teachers, and arecent spate o student walkouts.
PAGEA12
New Police Crowd-ControlGuidelines To Be Tested
As hundreds o thousands take tothe streets to celebrate the end ohostilities, police will implementtheir new “People-Priority” policy.“Our streets belong rst and ore-most to pedestrians, especiallythose putting their bodies on theline to make change happen,”said Police Commissioner Kelly.
PAGEA12
 The invasion of Iraq was supposed to meanaccess to oil without the costly interfer-ence of national sovereignty, and lower pricesat the pump for you and your family. Projectionsand reality differed, but now we've learned:
 Times have changed. Oil fields have reverted back to anewly independent Iraq, and Congress has mandated“Fair Trade,” in which most profits go not to brokers,stockholders, and a small management circle, but flowdirectly to those who produce. Exxon is excited abouthelping do things better — not just because it's the law,
but because
Exxon has always been about innovation.
It's also an opportunity to turn over a new leaf.
AsExxon finds itself under federal oversight, we are morethan happy to use our profits to develop sustainable,decentralized energy production. This will help fightfurther climate change, and prevent costly new wars overenergy in the future. After all, if everyone can turn the sunor wind into power, what’s there to fight about?
Peace.
 An idea the world can profit from.
That’s why we applaud theend of the warin Iraq.
Brought to you by Exxon. Finding decent ways to deliver the energy you need.
PEACE can also be lucrative.
We at
Exxon
are committed to meetingthe new Congressional guidelines for
socially, economically, & environmentally 
 responsible energy.

Comply with HR 2566
,the new organic food mandate, which prohibitspesticides and rewards local production.
1.) The Challenge2.) The Solution
Ladybugs for pest control.
 A ladybug can eat up to 50 pests every day, withoutharming plants - making this little insect as effectiveas any pesticide. Now shipping to all of our farmers.
These vehicles have been found to be dangerous. If you own avehicle that looks like this, please bring it to a dealershipimmediately for replacement.
IMPORTANT
Urgent Recall Information
AUTOMOTIVEVEHICLE
UNITS:Approximately241,000,000(U.S.)
Consumers should stop using these recalled vehicles immediately andcontact dealers to receive an EPA-sponsored electric retrofit, or redeemtheir vehicle for a 10-year unlimited train and public transit pass, alongwith a coupon for a hybrid bicycle of their choice (under $2000).
REMEDY:
At least 43,000 highwaydeaths per year Military deaths to keep oilprices low----Widespread asthma,cancer,and other illnesses tied toair pollutionClimate change
INCIDENTSANDINJURIES:
CALL 1-202-366-4000www.AllCarRecall.gov
Description:1. Made of metal2. 4 wheels on bottom3. Uses combustion mechanism to convert fuel into smoke, freeing energy
INSIDE THE TIMES:
July 4th, 2009
corrEcTIoNS: For THE rEcorD
SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION:
 
Wouldn’tyoulove toreceive newslike thiseveryday?Youcan, butyoucan’tbuyit— youhave tomake ithappen.
 See the ne print above or more details.
THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, JULY 4, 2009THE NEW YORK TIMES SATURDAY, JULY 4, 2009
 Errors and Comments:comments@nytimes-se.com Public Editor omsbuddy@nytimes-se.com
ThisspecialeditionoTheNewYorkTimescomesromautureinwhichweareaccomplishingwhatweknowtodaytobepossible.Thedozensovolunteercitizenswhoproducedthispaperspentthelasteightyearsdreamingoabetterworldorthemselves,theirriends,andanydescendantstheymightenduphaving.Today,thatbetterworld,thoughstillveryaraway,isnallypos-sible—butonlyimillionsousdemandit,andnallyorceourgovernmenttodoitsjob.Itcertainlywon’tbeeasy.Evennow,corporaterepresentativesareswarmingoverWashingtontogettheiragendaspassed.Theenergygiantsaredemand-ing“cleancoal,”nuclearpowerandoshoredrilling.MilitarycontractorsarepushingthewarsinIraqandAghanistan.H.M.O.sandinsurancecompaniesarepromotingbogus“reorms”sotheycanorestalluniversalhealthcare.Andthey’renotabouttotakenoorananswer.Butthingsaredierentthistime.Thistime,wecanholdaccountablethepoliticiansweputintooce.Andbecauseeveryonecannowseethatthe“reemarket”hasnothingtodowithreedom,thereisahugeopeningtopasspoliciesthatcanbenetallAmericans,andthatcanmakeustrulyree—reetopursueaneducationwithoutdebt,goonvacationeveryonceinawhile,keephealthy,andlivewithoutthecrushingguiltoknowingwhatourtaxdollarsaredoingabroad.Followingarejustaewothemany,manygroupsworkingorchange.Jointhem,supportthem,orstartyourown,andwecanbegintomakethenewsinthispaperthenewsineverypaper.Iyouwantto
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 
DIAMONDS
 You know it… we know it.
From her finge, to his.
A2A3
THENEWYORKTIMES
NewYork,N.Y.,U.S.A.
 
By EMIL LEDERER 
A 400-page plan, written by A-ghani leaders under U.N. supervi-sion, outlines the nal stages oU.S. and NATO withdrawal, and de-tails a rebuilding eort on a scalenot seen since World War Two.Core to the plan is the presenceo the U.N. peacekeeping and hu-manitarian orces in order to guar-antee the quality o lie o all citi-zens through assurances o peace,a means to earn a living, and basicood and health care. “Aghaniwarlords and the Taliban use ac-cess to resources as a source opower. When these resources arereadily available, their authoritywill be neutralized or minimized,”the report states.The plan ocuses heavily onrebuilding schools and retrain-ing teachers who have not taughtsince the Soviet-backed regimewas toppled by U.S.-backed Muja-hedeen in 1992. “An abundance oresearch has shown that individu-als worldwide who are literate areless likely to address problemswith non-diplomatic means” thereport states, adding that this isalso true or U.S. political leaders.One Taliban ocial, who wasin a minority opposing the plans,explained that his group was be-ing supported by Baptist groupsin the U.S. which “understand theneed or men to rule women andthe legitimacy o martyrdom as apolitical strategy.”Aghani leaders are hopeul thatuture powerul states will nallyattend to the lessons learned byprevious imperial powers, in-cluding Britain, Russia, and nowthe U.S. Mikhail Gorbachev, in arecently-published book on thecollapse o the Soviet Union, hasrevealed that he warned PresidentGeorge W. Bush against attemptingto occupy Aghanistan. Mr. Bush’sresponse: “Hey, Gorby, lighten up.The Taliban and the Mujahedeenmay have brought you down, butit was we who provided the und-ing. They’re in our pocket andthey know it.”“I wonder what he thinks nowthat U.S. missiles are bringingdown U.S. drones, and the U.S.had to nationalize banks becauseAmericans wanted control o themeans o production and not justblank checks or the nanciers,”Mr. Gorbachev said.
By BART GARZON
WASHINGTON (AP) — GeorgeW. Bush, the 43rd President o theUnited States, was indicted Mon-day on charges o high treason. Thecharges, led by Attorney GeneralRuss Feingold late in the evening,allege that Mr. Bush, knowing ullwell that Iraq possessed no weap-ons o mass destruction, alsiedinormation in order to pursuethe disastrous Iraq War. (See “U.S.Knew No W.M.D.s in Iraq,” on PageA1.)Federal District Judge MichaelRatner denied Mr. Bush’s requestto represent himsel. Ratner is theormer president o the Center orConstitutional Rights.High treason is usually denedas participation in a war againstone’s own country; attempting tooverthrow its government; spyingon its military, its diplomats, or itssecret services or a hostile andoreign power; or attempting tokill its head o state.“In this case, high treason hasbeen interpreted to include pursu-ing an illegal and devastating warthat has cost hundreds o billionso dollars and the lives o over4,000 Americans and perhaps amillion Iraqis, or essentially in-sane ends,” said Vincent Bugliosi,a ormer ederal prosecutor whomFeingold named lead specialprosecutor in the case. “In eect,the Iraq War amounted to a waragainst America,” added Bugliosi,who is also the author o the book,The Prosecution o George Bushor Murder.Although the treason indict-ment came as no surprise to mostobservers, what was completelyunexpected was the party whobrought it.“The case is highly unusual ina number o ways,” said Bugliosi,“not the least o which is that thedeendant is actually accusinghimsel.”In a press conerence heldclose to midnight yesterday athis Craword, Texas ranch, ormerPresident Bush cited his renewedChristian aith as the catalyst orthis unprecedented action. “Lastmonth, I had a conversation withJesus Christ. A new conversation.And I’ve been very blessed to havebeen born again, again. This time,or real,” Mr. Bush read in a pre-pared statement to hal a dozenstunned reporters.“It’s taken a lot o soul search-ing, or more like deep-soul diving,I think is the term. But now I seethat it was wrong to lead our na-tion to war under alse pretenses.Millions have suered or my sins,and I see now that it is only ttingthat I should suer as well.”Mr. Bush’s sel-accusationseems largely to have been pla-giarized rom years o accusationsmade against him in the press. Itreers to his “political propagandacampaign to sell the war to theAmerican people,” and describeshow he and his team attemptedto make the “W.M.D. threat andthe Iraqi connection to terrorismappear certain, whereas in act weknew there wasn’t one at all.”“The death and economic col-lapse that resulted has been com-pletely devastating to our nationand, most o all, to me,” read Mr.Bush’s indictment. “I want to makeamends, and it is or this reasonthat I am requesting that I be in-dicted or high treason. I thank thecourt or allowing me to right mygrave wrongs. Bring it on!”Some analysts suggest thatMr. Bush’s sel-indictment is parto a strategy to avoid the deathpenalty. Although treason carriesa potential death sentence, Mr.Bush and his team o attorneysare seeking a triple lie sentencewithout possibility o parole.“We don’t want to be too cynicalabout Mr. Bush’s motives,” said aspokesperson or AterDowning-Street.org, one o the main groupsthat had been pursuing Mr. Bush’sindictment. “But even i it doesn’tget moved to the I.C.C., requestinghis own conviction is so unusual itcould move some jurors, or evenhelp with an insanity plea.”A riend o Mr. Bush, speak-ing on condition o anonymity,revealed that Mr. Bush would at-tempt to move the case to the In-ternational Criminal Court, whichdoes not have a death penalty, andwas quietly pressing Secretary oState Naomi Klein to bring the U.S.under the court’s jurisdiction. In2002, then-Secretary o DeenseDonald Rumseld rejected theI.C.C.’s jurisdiction, saying it was“unaccountable to the Americanpeople.”Mr. Bush maintained his charac-teristically jovial manner through-out the proceedings. “I could be ex-ecuted, but what good would thatdo anybody? Especially me. I thinkthe nation would rather I spend agood long while considering whathappened — not only the tragicend o hundreds o thousandso lives, but the end o Americancapitalism, that I liked, I sincerelyliked,” Mr. Bush said. (See also “AnExclusive Interview With GeorgeW. Bush,” on Page A9.)The treason charge does notaddress compensation or thehundreds o thousands o Iraqiskilled in the war. It is expectedthat surviving amily members oallen American soldiers will lethousands o civil lawsuits alleg-ing wrongul death.
By DARLA ZIMBALIST
Recent studies have shown thatembedded reporters lose per-spective and objectivity. Thrustinto high-tension situations odangerous confict, and surround-ed by a corps o strong personali-ties devoted to a single objective,journalists almost inevitably writesubjectively and sympatheticallyo situations that are best ad-dressed analytically.Yet there are other subjectsthat might be better served by amore sympathetic approach—like the cause o those who workto correct injustices done by ourcountry abroad. Yet The Times’coverage o protesters has otenbeen anything but sympathetic.This paper has belittled the move-ment, marked its participants aswingnuts, and all in all written as iit were beholden to those againstwhom the protests were aimed.Veteran Times reporter JohnHess noted that during his 24years o service at the paper he“never saw a oreign interventionthat the Times did not support,never saw a are increase or a rentincrease or a utility rate increasethat it did not endorse, never sawit take the side o labor in a strikeor lockout, or advocate a raise orunderpaid workers.” When anti-war protesters are covered, theTimes has regularly undercountedthe numbers and glossed overviolent acts by riot police. It hasnever given the demonstratorseditorial support.Ater returning stateside rom16 weeks embedded with the101st Airborne division in Iraq,this reporter decided to right thisimbalance hersel, beginning withsome o the most interesting anti-war protest groups: Iraq VeteransAgainst the War, who stage simu-lated military operations in Ameri-can cities in order to “make thetruth o this war visible”; Unitedor Peace and Justice, a coalitiono 1400 peace groups nationwide;and CODEPINK, a group singledout by ormer President Bush assetting a “dangerous, radical agen-da” or American politics.Beginning next week, embed-ded reports rom this movementwill be eatured every week in thisspace. You, like The Times, willcome to see these organizationsin an entirely dierent light.
International
By HELEN PREJEAN
NEW YORK – A spontaneouscelebration erupted in the U.N.General Assembly ater represen-tatives o 192 member states unan-imously ratied the Comprehen-sive Arms Ban Treaty. The treatyoutlaws possession, productionand trade o military equipmentranging rom small arms to nucle-ar warheads.“This is watershed moment inthe security o people and thesecurity o the planet itsel,” saidU.S. President Barack Obama.“With weapons o the table, wecan nally ocus on the world’sreal threats: global poverty, pollu-tion, and climate change.”The Comprehensive Arms BanTreaty is an initiative o the U.N.’snew Global Security Protocol,which identies environmentalsustainability as its prime direc-tive.“We cannot have any kind o se-curity unless our planet remainslivable,” said Secretary-GeneralBan Ki-moon. “The tens o trillionso dollars reed by disarmamentmakes it easier to ocus on the big-picture issues.”The weapons ban includes ex-tensive subsidiies or the retool-ing o arms manuacturers. Hoursater the agreement was reached,German weapons giant Heckler & Koch announced its rst contractto take advantage o the incen-tive packages by retting its P11assault pistol actory to producean improved “lie straw,” an indi-vidual water ltration system thatgreatly reduces waterborne dis-ease. The company’s plan will useormer weapons brokers to deliv-er the straws, and they will trainormer child soldiers to handle thelabor-intensive task o local distri-bution.Impetus or the C.A.B.T. devel-oped ater the 1998 EuropeanUnion Code o Conduct, whichprohibits selling weapons tocountries that may use them orexternal aggression or internal op-pression, went largely unheeded.In one contravention o the code,Europe did not cease trade withthe United States and Britain de-spite their unprovoked invasion oIraq in 2003.In Britain, massive publicprotests, including a sit-in thatblocked exit rom the British Par-liament or two weeks, convincedthe government to reverse courseand uphold the E.U. Code o Con-duct, as well as to support pas-sage o the C.A.B.T.One o the primary ocuses othe C.A.B.T. is small arms, whichkill one person every minute, 75percent o them women and chil-dren. A survey conducted last Mayshowed ewer than one-tenth oone percent in avor o continuingthese deaths. In addition to man-dating the immediate cessation oproduction, the C.A.B.T. includesa buyback program to repossessmost o the 640 million small armsalready in circulation, and meltthem down in small mobile smelt-ers which will recycle the steelinto agricultural tools and equip-ment to be distributed locally.As or the 20,350 nuclear war-heads known to exist, they willbe destroyed using monitoringprocedures developed under theStrategic Arms Reduction Treaty.The last country to sign o on thenew plan was North Korea, whoagreed to dismantle their last war-head simultaneously with that othe U.S. The disarmament will takeplace in a ceremony organized andtelevised by members o the nowdeunct Olympic Games Commit-tee. The Olympic Games werecanceled in December ater mostmember nations realized that con-tests to see who could do uselessthings in the name o archaic na-tional boundaries are not helpinganyone.Ailing leader Kim Jong Il madea rare appearance to comment.“Finally, we have rid ourselveso the Olympics. Our best ath-letes will do useul and strenuousthings. And we are very pleased tono longer need bombs to protectourselves rom Americans withmore bombs. We can now ocus onavoiding the collapse o our plan-et’s ecosystem, and on other pur-suits the Great Leader would haveapplauded. The people o NorthKorea will enjoy this challenging,bright uture immensely.”
By F. WUNDERLICH
JORDAN — With the news thatU.S. orces were withdrawing romIraq, nearly ve million Iraqi reu-gees learned that the nightmarethat started in 2003 was over.However, most are convinced thatgoing back to a pre-sanctions oreven pre-war Iraq is a mere pipe-dream.“All Iraqis wanted the war tobe over, but the Iraq that existedbeore has disappeared rom theace o the earth, and no one hasany idea how living in the new onewill eel,” said Malik Abdul-Razzaq,a 37-year-old Iraqi reugee now liv-ing in Amman, Jordan. Abdul-Raz-zaq let Baghdad, where he hadlived all his lie, in early 2006, aterbeing threatened by an “unknownarmed group” due to his relation-ship with a human rights organiza-tion.“Politically what will happen?The country is destroyed, the mi-litias are everywhere,” said Abdul-Razzaq, whose eelings o bewil-derment were a common themeamong reugees.O the 4.7 million people that areestimated to have been uprootedsince 2003, hal o them remainin the country, but ar rom theirtowns and cities and separatedrom amily and riends. Approxi-mately two million have spilledinto Syria and Jordan, where theyhave been living in what humanrights organization Amnesty Inter-national calls “ramshackle campsand struggling to meet basicneeds, like ood and medicine.”About 200,000 have made it be-yond the Middle East, mainly toEurope. In most cases, Iraqi reu-gees are not allowed to work andmust depend on the black market.Amira al-Fadl, 31, now livingin Stockholm, says that “sincethe Samarra bombing in Febru-ary 2006 [when a dome o the Al-Askari Mosque was destroyed bybombs], my parents have beenlocked in their neighborhood,away rom my sisters.” Al-Fadl isdoubtul that she will return. “Toleave, I had to peddle my house,my urniture and the amily jew-elry, and I still needed to borrow$10,000. I’m sleeping on a rela-tive’s couch, but I’m not sure whatI have to go back to.”Leyla Jarrah, 33, also in Stock-holm, can’t keep tears o joy romcoming down her cheeks. But sheis not planning to go back either.“I’ve lost most o my amily and Idon’t think I’d be able to nd myriends. As promising as peoplesay it now is, I can’t see myselstarting all over again.”Harun Saeed, 45, is planningto return to Baghdad. He is oneo only 2000 or so Iraqis to havemade it to the U.S. “Two o myAir Force colleagues were assas-sinated. I spent 14 months andall my savings in Syria. Now, I ambarely surviving.” Despite exten-sive experience as a technician orthe Iraqi Air Force, Saeed has beenunable to nd a job paying morethan minimum wage. He is nowdreaming o going back and seeinghis wie and two children. “I haveno idea what will happen now, butor the rst time in many years, Iam hopeul.”When Timur Barzani, 47, heardthe news, he thought o his chil-dren. “Lie in Damascus is hard,and my wie and I have had to sendour sons to work. My sons now saythey will be too embarrassed to goto school, they think they are tooold to learn the ABCs. But I thinkin Naja we will nd many childrenin the same situation, and they willnot be embarrassed,” Barzani ex-plained.Until the U.S. withdrawal, Iraqireugees usually had only two op-tions. Either they could ace thehumiliation o living as reugeeswithout rights or hope or a bet-ter uture, or they could ace likelydeath i they returned to theirshattered country. The commoneeling among Iraqi reugees todayis o hope or their country, ortheir riends and relatives, and ortheir lives.They know that the social abrico the county has been destroyedby the war and the occupation,and that the challenges are huge.But as Abdul-Razzaq says, “Thewithdrawal is only the rst step.At least now, we Iraqis will be reeto choose our own uture.”
United Nations Unanimously Passes Weapons Ban
 Iraqis Around the World Celebrate U.S. Withdrawal, Rebuilding Plan
 at Withdwl Pc Spdst Cfict Zs Wldwid
Lds Wldwid Scmbl t Fllw amic Ld
TELSTAR LOGISTICS
The U.S.’s stockpile o W.M.D.s, which includes arms like the one above, will soon be a relic o the past.
FRED WOLFFRASHID HAMASHANI/REUTERS
Iraqi teens participate in team-building exercises organized by aid workers in a Jordan area reugee camp.
SATURDAY, JULY 4, 2009
CommunityServiceChargesDroppedDeathPenaltyLifeInPrison
64%
What’s Fair?
31%3%2%
 Americans favor life in prisonover death penalty.
By F. NANSEN
In the wake o the U.S. withdraw-al rom Iraq and Aghanistan, gov-ernment leaders and warlords inconfict zones worldwide seemedto be alling over themselves topledge peace.The President o Sudan declaredan end to hostilities in Darur. “Weare modern, or at least we live in amodern world, near modern coun-tries like the U.S. And like the U.S.,we understand that blood cannotbe the path to benet, whereaspeace can be.”In the Congo, where 45,000 peo-ple continue to die every month,dwarng the toll in Darur, reac-tions were more muted. “I thestrongest country on earth canace not getting everything thatit wants, I guess we can too,” saidLaurent Kabila, President o theDemocratic Republic o Congo.“Now that the U.S. is acing itsresponsibilities in Iraq, what iAmericans start doing that here inthe Congo? We’d better clean upour act.”In Sri Lanka, Somalia, Columbia,the Kashmir, Chad, and elsewhere,ghters on all sides o the con-ficts there pledged to take the U.S.withdrawal to heart. “We cannotcontinue this way,” said one triballeader in Somalia, who wished toremain anonymous. “The time hascome to learn oreign policy justlike the Americans.”In Belgium, Walloons and Flemspromised to cooperate. “We’vebeen idiots, like pinheads romouter space,” said Filip Dewinter,leader o the secessionist VlaamsBelang. “I America is a real coun-try, so is Belgium. They’ve shownus how to behave.”
What the Future Holds for 
 
 Afghanistan
Tims rpt t embd with Pc Gps
Ct IdictsBsh  HighTs Chg
THE NEW YORK TIMES
INTERNATIONAL
SATURDAY, JULY 4, 2009
By J. FINISTERRA
BAGHDAD — Secretary o De-ense Scott Ritter was joined byIraqi Prime Minister Nuri Al-Malikiand representatives o the ormer“Coalition o the Willing” in Bagh-dad this aternoon or the ground-breaking o a monument to the lastto die during the allies’ occupationo Iraq.An enormous granite obelisk tothe Iraqi dead, 300 eet high, willstand in Firdos Square, where co-alition troops amously attemptedto topple a 40-oot-tall statue oIraqi tyrant Saddam Hussein inApril 2003. A 15-oot-high obeliskwill stand nearby, honoring thecoalition casualties.The dierence in size betweenthe two obelisks will representthe dierent numbers o casual-ties. For the Iraqi dead, the mostconservative estimate o 93,067was chosen to avoid the coalitionmonument being absurdly smallor the Iraqi monument prohibi-tively large.On the side o the allies, thelast to die was Corporal WilliamWhitman, age 28, o Quinnesec,Michigan. Just as ghting began towane, he took up an exposed posi-tion while on a oot patrol and wasstruck by a sniper’s bullet. He diedinstantly, the 4,314th American ca-sualty o the war. In retaliation, aU.S. attack helicopter red rocketsinto a nearby apartment building,killing the sniper and six Iraqi civil-ians. Moments later, U.S. soldiersreceived word that they were tocease re immediately and pre-pare to return home.Mr. Al-Maliki commemoratedAhmed Yahya, a 5-year-old boywho was inside the buildingthe sniper had red rom. Res-cue workers dug him out o therubble rom the rocket blast. Theboy survived overnight but suc-cumbed early the next morningto internal injuries, and was eitherthe 93,067th, the 755,265th or the1,233,657th Iraqi civilian casualtyo the war. (No accurate recordswere kept, and estimates rom di-erent sources confict wildly.)“Ahmed’s lie coincided with theabsolute worst episode in the his-tory o the Middle East,” Mr. Malikisaid o the boy, who was born justater the Iraq War started. “Mayhis lie and death represent theimportance o never again see-ing such catastrophe rain on ourheads, whether or alse pretencesor even real ones.”“I stand beore you as a repre-sentative o the American peopleto tell you that some o us tried,”Mr. Ritter told an audience o main-ly Iraqi veterans and their amilies.“We may have ailed to stop this intime, but at least we did try. It onlyremains or us, the heirs o our vic-tims’ legacy, to have the courageand the character to make sure itnever happens again.”Ritter’s statements were metwith polite applause.
Last to Die in Battle Remembered, American and Iraqi
Photo By TELSTAR LOGISTICS. Photo caption vestibulum nec ligula et lorem consequat ullamcorper. Nulla acilisi.Fusce magna sem, gravida in, eugiat ac, molestie eget, wisi. Vivamus urna.
 W Bids (d Hsbds) FidThi Plc i  nw Iq
By LEN G. WILKINS
BASRA — Following service inIraq and an honorable dischargelast April, Lieutenant SamanthaBlaine returned to Iraq to start asmall construction company.She is ar rom alone. Thegrowth o the postwar economy inIraq has proven so tempting thatdozens o members o the U.S.military chose to remain in Iraq.Thus a region long associatedwith its citizens feeing abroad hasseen unprecedented volumes oimmigration.Seven years ago, Ms. Blainehad no experience with saetyengineering or building codes butwas sent to Basra to assist in therebuilding o the Iraqi inrastruc-ture. Today, her private contract-ing company is beneting rom alocal building boom.“For the rst year o our busi-ness, most o the work was gov-ernment contracts,” said Blaine,“but ater the major inrastructurework was done and the Iraqi econ-omy began to rebound, there wasa surge in demand or new hous-ing.”Ms. Blaine met her husband,Ibrahim Khan, when he was hiredto work as her translator duringthe war. It is a role he continuesto serve as Ms. Blaine’s Arabic im-proves.Ms. Blaine claims that it hasn’tbeen hard to adjust to lie in Iraq.“I expected to have to deal with alot o sexism. But until the inva-sion, this was a modern, secularsociety.”Sergeant Rahim Raqi has alsobeneted rom the new construc-tion, opening an insurance agencythat caters to the constructionindustry. Prior to joining the mili-tary, Mr. Raqi had worked at hisather’s small insurance company.“I was able to get backing or whatsome would have seen as a riskyinvestment, but we were in theblack pretty quickly,” says Mr.Raqi.According to the recent émigrés,the cultural adjustments that arenecessary to move rom the Unit-ed States to Iraq are more thanworth enduring to be a part o thenew Iraq. “Getting sent to Iraq wasthe best thing to happen to me,”said Ms. Blaine. “I’m nally livingthe American Dream.”
MIKEERNST/THENEW YORKTIMES
The lastAmerican and Iraqi to die during the war will be commemorated by obelisksin downtown Baghdad.
GAVINBELLOWS/BOSTONGLOBE
The ormer President appeared perturbed by his own charges against him.
 From Page A1 From Page A1
“Now that the war’s over, we’regoing to get to go back to devel-oping exciting new weapon sys-tems, instead o just trotting outthe ones that are proven to work,”said a visibly excited Robert Ste-vens, Lockheed C.E.O., beore areporter inormed him o the Sen-ate moratorium on new weaponssystems development.“Oh,” said Stevens, lookingfushed, and quickly excused him-sel.General David Petraeus hada distinctly ashen look as he at-tempted to put a good ace on thesituation. “I’ve been trying to makesense o all this, and I have to saythat in perspective, we did prettywell,” Petraeus told reporters.“It turns out that in 1917, theBritish made exactly the samemistakes we did,” Petraeus noted.“They told the Iraqis they hadcome ‘not as conquerors but asliberators, to ree you rom gen-erations o tyranny.’ Like us, theywere surprised the Iraqis didn’teel quite the same. The insurgen-cy against the British started inFallujah too, and like us, the Brit-ish Prime Minister warned againstleaving Iraq on the grounds thatthere would be civil war.”Petraeus smiled wearily. “I guessit’s never too late to learn.”
With War Over,Troops Return
Global ProblemTurned IntoGlobal Solution
level rise has been overblown.And one thing I’m sure o, is thatnationalizing private industry isjust another name or thet.”“The private oil interests havebeen involved in thet or de-cades,” responded Deputy Un-der Secretary o the E.P.A. GavinNewsom. “They’ve stolen our air,our oceans, our health, and ourland. They’ve proven they can’trun their business without mas-sive thet.”“I we’re going to give corpora-tions the same rights as people,”said House Speaker Nancy Pelosi,“then we need to hold them ac-countable like people. Whenparents abuse their children, thegovernment takes over. When oilcompanies abuse the planet, thegovernment needs to take overtoo.”Arco C.E.O. Rex W. Tillerson wasphilosophical. “We ought thislong and hard. We did everythingwe could do. But do we want moreblood in the streets? Or do wewant to move on?”“You can’t ght the street,” saidMr. Newsom. “The people are go-ing to do what the people are go-ing to do. And the oil companiesare just going to have live with it.”believes that it was ormer Presi-dent Bush’s trial or high treasonthat spurred the revelations.“There’s nothing to hide any-more,” said Ms. Rice. “We are re-lieved to nally be able tell you,the troops who ought or us, thatwe love our soldiers and we al-ways have. We would never haveput you in such obvious harm’sway.”Ms. Rice also conrmed Secre-tary o Deense Scott Ritter’s rev-elation that he had provided theC.I.A. with documentation in the1990s, when he was a U.N. weap-ons inspector, that Iraq lackedbiological or nuclear weapons pro-grams. “We were then already armore than 99 percent certain thatHussein had zero W.M.D.s and thati he did, he would not be able touse them against us.”
Rice: Troops Never Faced Annihilation Risk 
 From Page A1
ROB 7812/AP
A lone helmet lies in the desert near Atrush, Iraq, a monument to absence.
‘They’ve stolen ourair, our oceans, ourhealth, and our land.They’ve proven theycan’t run their busi-ness without massivethet.’For two millionexiles, temperedhope o return to ashattered land.An American repre-sentative tells theIraqis that someAmericans tried, topolite applause.
 Ari Fleischer contributed reporting. Iraqi journalists or The New YorkTimes contributed reporting rom Damacas, Amman, and Stockholm. A number o mothers contributed reporting.
A general learnshis dicult historylessons late.A sheepish ormersecretary expressesrespect and concernor the troops.A move to avoid thedeath penalty bringsits own risks.
A4A5
oNLINEEXcLUSIVE TIMES3D INTErAcTIVE MoDEL
To explore the interactive, ull- color, virtual monument in adigital 3D architectural rendering,eaturing zooming and panning capabilities, see:
nytimes-se.m/wld/vitual/~3D.html
Source:NewYork Times/CBS News poll
NICKTUCKER
To right a longstandingbias, a ocus on thoseghting or change

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