What would be the cause of such an union (European Union) generated? It is all about the WAR!First World War and Second World War, Germany and France fought each other 3 times; it was alot of loss of life. Therefore the leader of the countries was convinced that there was only one wayto keep a long lasting peace, - to get united economically and politically.
A quick glance of EU historyIn 1946
Churchill purposed to create The United State of Europe.
, a French minister had a speech about integrating the coal and steel industries of WesternEuropeAs a result in
, ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community
in Chinese) wascertainly set up by six founding members, Germany France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg,Italy, signed the Treaty of Paris.
, because the ESCS was such a success, the 6 decided to cooperate further a bit, signed upthe Treaty of Rome: creating the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM
) and the European Economic Community (EEC
), whichremoved the tariff and forming a "common market"
, in order to remove Europe's fragmentation, and disparate factors, the campaign promotefinally end the fragmentation. this revitalization of European integration took two forms: 1985,White Paper (completing the internal market) which identified almost 300 obstacles which neededto be removed to end Europe’s market fragmentation, and 1986 Single European Act, whichintroduced institutional changes to facilitate the implementation of the single market measures.More detailed information about key term, SEA: the first comprehensive revision of the ECtreaties was to overhaul the decision making process in the light of the ambitious single market program and the enlargement. Key features: QMV (qualified majority voting), it is in favor of "bigcountries", and big countries like Germany and France have got more voting rights;
, Treaty of Maastricht=Treaty of European Union: EU was created.
*euro; pass the agreement of euro*co-decision procedure: inter-government cooperation*3 pillars:1. European Community, Supranational;2. Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). Inter-governmental;3. Justice and Home Affairs, judicial co-operation in civil and criminal matters, police co-operation and immigration policy.
, Treaty of Nice, the enlargement with 10 new members
, French and Dutch said no to EU constitution
EU consists of