Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Basic of European Union Integration (a quick glance)

Basic of European Union Integration (a quick glance)

Ratings:

4.8

(5)
|Views: 90|Likes:
Published by Di
What would be the cause of such an union (European Union) generated? It is all about the WAR! First World War and Second World War, Germany and France fought each other 3 times; it was a lot of loss of life. Therefore the leader of the countries was convinced that there was only one way to keep a long lasting peace, - to get united economically and politically.
What would be the cause of such an union (European Union) generated? It is all about the WAR! First World War and Second World War, Germany and France fought each other 3 times; it was a lot of loss of life. Therefore the leader of the countries was convinced that there was only one way to keep a long lasting peace, - to get united economically and politically.

More info:

Published by: Di on May 05, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/16/2009

pdf

text

original

 
What would be the cause of such an union (European Union) generated? It is all about the WAR!First World War and Second World War, Germany and France fought each other 3 times; it was alot of loss of life. Therefore the leader of the countries was convinced that there was only one wayto keep a long lasting peace, - to get united economically and politically.
A quick glance of EU historyIn 1946
Churchill purposed to create The United State of Europe.
In 1950
, a French minister had a speech about integrating the coal and steel industries of WesternEuropeAs a result in
1951
, ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community
欧洲钢铁联营
in Chinese) wascertainly set up by six founding members, Germany France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemburg,Italy, signed the Treaty of Paris.
In 1957
, because the ESCS was such a success, the 6 decided to cooperate further a bit, signed upthe Treaty of Rome: creating the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM
欧洲原子能共同体条约
) and the European Economic Community (EEC
欧洲经济共同体条约
), whichremoved the tariff and forming a "common market"
In 1985
, in order to remove Europe's fragmentation, and disparate factors, the campaign promotefinally end the fragmentation. this revitalization of European integration took two forms: 1985,White Paper (completing the internal market) which identified almost 300 obstacles which neededto be removed to end Europe’s market fragmentation, and 1986 Single European Act, whichintroduced institutional changes to facilitate the implementation of the single market measures.More detailed information about key term, SEA: the first comprehensive revision of the ECtreaties was to overhaul the decision making process in the light of the ambitious single market program and the enlargement. Key features: QMV (qualified majority voting), it is in favor of "bigcountries", and big countries like Germany and France have got more voting rights;
In 1992
, Treaty of Maastricht=Treaty of European Union: EU was created.
通过建立欧洲经济货币联盟和欧洲政治联盟为目标
.
主要包含内容为:
*euro; pass the agreement of euro*co-decision procedure: inter-government cooperation*3 pillars:1. European Community, Supranational;2. Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). Inter-governmental;3. Justice and Home Affairs, judicial co-operation in civil and criminal matters, police co-operation and immigration policy.
In 2000
, Treaty of Nice, the enlargement with 10 new members
In 2005
, French and Dutch said no to EU constitution
EU consists of 
:
欧洲议会
European Parliament,
欧洲理事会
European Council,
 
欧洲委员会
European Commission.
Parliament
Composition: by 733 members, from 25 member states. Tasks: *work together with council onlegislation; the EP engages in the following legislative procedures: Consultation procedure, Co-decision procedure, and Assent procedure.*approve the budget; *scrutiny the commission as a whole but not individual;
Council
Composition: -Council of Ministers (eg: subject is agriculture, so the minister of agriculture will be presented), accounted for within the Treaty of Rome-European council (head of each government) formalized in 1974 and was only incorporated intothe treaties under the Single European Act.Tasks: *Decision making, proposed by commission; European council has the accountability to setthe agenda.Decision making:-Unanimity. (Still prevail in: amendment of Treaty, enlargement, citizen’s rights, taxation, foreign policy, derogations-QMV. (Apply to: all new treaty provision)
Commission
Composition: 25 members, appointed by the government of each member state. the currentchairman of commission is a Portuguese, José Manuel BarrosoTasks:*give proposal;*initiator for legislation;*monitor the application of law;*executive body
European economic integration consists of:
1. Free trade area: no tariff among countries in certain region2. Custom union: a common external tariff toward the country from outside the region3. Single market: free movement of serviced, goods and capital,4. Economic monetary union: common currency, euro5. Political union: politic synergy, common international policy toward the country from outsidethe regionSo far, EU is in the stage 4...
Democratic Deficit
民主赤字
:
EU
现在其实并不是民主制度,他们所谓的民主形同虚设, 没多大意义, 各种大选的投票率都相当低,造成民主赤字。原因主要来源于
:
What causes democratic deficit?

Activity (2)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->