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20188021 Chess Endgames

20188021 Chess Endgames

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Published by: shell123456 on Mar 24, 2010
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 The eternal duel between bishop and knight.
It is astonishing that two such different pieces should be in general of approximately the same material strength. But, when one gets down to it, in theduel between bishop and knight, it depends to a great extent on the concretefeatures of the given position. In open positions, with play on both wings, then as arule the bishop is better – as in the following rapid game: Kramnik-Khalifman,played recently in Zurich. With White to move, how could he have bestdemonstrated the superiority of his bishop?
 Kramnik,Vladimir (2759) - Khalifman,Alexander (2612) [D38]
Champions Rapid Zürich (2), 23.08.2009
[Analysis by GM Müller, Karsten] 
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤f3 d5 4.¤c3 ¥b4 5.¥g5 h6 6.¥xf6 £xf6 7.£b3 c58.cxd5 exd5 9.e3 0–0 10.dxc5 ¥xc3+ 11.£xc3 £xc3+ 12.bxc3 ¤d7 13.¦d1¤xc5 14.¦xd5 b6 15.¦d4 ¥e6 16.c4 ¦fc8 17.g4 ¦c7 18.g5 hxg5 19.¤xg5¦ac8 20.¤xe6 ¤xe6 21.¦d5 ¤c5 22.¦g1 ¤b7 23.h4 ¢f8 24.h5 ¦c525.¦gg5 ¤d6 26.¦xc5 ¦xc5 27.¦xc5 bxc5 28.¥d3 ¢e7 29.¢e2 ¤e830.¢f3 ¤f6 31.¢f4 ¤xh5+ 32.¢e5 ¤f6 33.¥f5 g6 34.¥h3 ¤e8 35.¢d5¤f6+ 36.¢c6 ¤e4 37.f4 ¤f2 38.¥f1 ¤d1 39.e4 ¤c3 40.¢xc5 ¤xa2 41.e5¤c3 42.¢d4 ¤a2 43.c5 ¤b4 44.¥b5 ¢d8 45.¢c4 a5 46.¥a4 ¤a6 47.¢d5¤c7+ 48.¢d6 ¤e6 49.c6 ¤c7 50.¥b3 ¤e8+ 51.¢c5 ¢e7 52.¢b6 f6 53.¥c2fxe5 Diagram 
It is astonishing that two such different pieces should be in general of approximately the same material strength. On larger boards, such as for example10x10 squares, the bishop should as a rule be considerably superior to the knightand even on our 8x8 board general opinion gives a very slight edge to the bishop.But in the latter case, it depends to a great extent on the concrete features of thegiven position, which is one of the charms of the game of chess. If it is an openposition, with play on both wings, then as a rule the bishop is better - as in the
following rapid game:
This automatic recapture turns the position into astatic one and Black's blockade ought to hold up against White's attempts at siege warfare because of the strongly reduced amount of material on the board. Thedynamic [54.¥xg6! ¤f6 55.¢b7 ¤d5 56.¥e4+- would have allowed Kramnik tosecure the promotion of his passed c-pawn directly.]
[Surprisingly, even54...g5!? is playable: 55.¥g6 g4 56.¥xe8 g3 57.c7 g2 58.c8£ g1£+ 59.¢a6
(59.£c5+ £xc5+ 60.¢xc5 ¢xe8=) 
59...£d4= and, paradoxically, White's extra piece cannotguarantee a win, because the pawnless endgame of queen and bishop againstqueen is generally speaking a draw.]
[55.¥xg6 a3 56.¥xe8 a2 57.c7 a1£58.c8£ £b2+
Of course, not
58...£d4+?? 59.£c5+ £xc5+ 60.¢xc5 ¢xe8 61.¢d6+-) 
59.¥b5 £xe5=]
This blockade can be lifted with the decisive engame weapon of zugzwang. Getting rid of the e-pawn by [55...¢e6 56.¥c2 ¢xe557.¥xg6 draws, e.g 57...¤d6 58.c7 ¢e6 59.¥h5 ¤c8+ 60.¢b7 ¤e7 61.¥g4+ ¢d6 as we get a well-known drawing fortress.]
56.¥c2 g5 57.¥f5
Now the bishopcontrols matters according to the principle of the single diagonal. It can alwaysforce Black into zugzwang by waiting moves, so the black fortress cannot hold outfor long.
57...¤c7 58.¥h3 ¤a8+ 59.¢c5 ¢e7 60.¢d5 ¤c7+ 61.¢c5 ¤a862.¥g4 ¤c7 63.¢b6 ¢d8 64.¢b7 ¤e8 65.e6 ¤d6+ 66.¢b8 ¤b5 67.¥h3
and Khalifman admitted defeat in view of the fresh zugzwang.
 When the world's top players + engines analyze a tactical position, then the resultmust be perfect play. Really? The Dortmund game Jakovenko-Kramnik shows adifferent picture. Jakovenko's 19.Kh1 was reputedly prepared, Kramnik reactedpromptly. But his 20…f6 is a clear mistake, as pointed out by 21-year-old BrazilianGM Alexander Fier. It appears that the players and seconds had not set up their engines properly or taken into account previous games, e.g. a correspondencegame from 2002 that escaped everyone's notice.
 Jakovenko,Dmitrij (2760) - Kramnik,Vladimir (2759) [C42]
Dortmund SuperGM Dortmund (9), 11.07.2009
[Analysis by GM Fier,Alexander] 
1.e4 e5 2.¤f3 ¤f6 3.¤xe5 d6 4.¤f3 ¤xe4 5.d4 d5 6.¥d3 ¥d6 7.0–0 0–08.c4 c6 9.£c2 ¤a6 10.a3 ¥g4 11.¤e5 ¥xe5 12.dxe5 ¤ac5 13.f3 ¤xd314.£xd3 ¤c5 15.£d4 ¤b3 16.£xg4 ¤xa1 17.¥h6 g6 18.¤c3 £b6+19.¢h1
 When Kramnik played this line against Bacrot some rounds earlier, I was wondering what he would do against 19.Kh1... To me, this is the critical test for Black. [19.¦f2 ¦fe8 20.£f4 £c7 21.¦e2 ¦e6 22.b4 was Bacrot - Kramnik whichended in draw.]
19...£xb2 20.£f4 f6? Diagram:
For some reason, this move is played more often than 20...f5, but I think that after this Black is just lost! [20...f5 is better, and after 21.¤a4 £e2 22.¦xa1 ¦fe8 23.cxd5cxd5 24.£b4 £xe5 25.¦g1 b6 26.¥f4 £e2 27.¤b2 there are chances for both sides.]
Now Black is alive again... [21.e6! A stunning move! 21...£xc3
(21...£b6 22.¥xf8 ¦xf8 23.cxd5+-) 
22.£d6! (22.£c7?! looks dangerous, but only leads todraw after 22...f5 23.¥xf8 ¦xf8 24.cxd5 £c4
(24...¤b3 25.e7 ¦e8 26.£d7 ¢f7 27.£e6+ ¢g7 28.£d7 ¢f7=) 
25.¦xa1 £xd5 26.£xb7
(26.¦e1 c5) 
26...£xe627.£xa7=) 22...¤b3 (22...£xc4 23.¦xa1 £h4
(23...£d4 24.¦g1 f5 25.e7 ¦fe8 26.£e6+ ¢h8 27.£f7+-) 
24.¥xf8 ¦xf8 25.£d7 £d4 26.¦g1 £e5 27.e7 ¦b8 28.f4!+-)23.£d7 f5 24.e7
(24.¥xf8 ¦xf8 25.e7 
is an option.
(24...¦fe8 25.£e6+ ¢h8 26.¥f4+-) 
25.exf8£+ ¦xf8 26.£e7 £f6 27.£xc5+- was surprisingly played beforein the game Nevio,J - Peunariemi,P corr 2002!]
21...£c2 22.¦xa1
[22.¥xf8 ¦xf823.cxd5 fxe5 24.£xe5 £xa4 25.¦xa1 cxd5 26.£xd5+ ¦f7 with a draws endgame.]
22...£xa4 23.e6 £a5 24.£d6
[24.cxd5 was interesting too, but Black holds without problems after 24...cxd5 25.¥xf8 ¦xf8 26.e7 ¦e8=]
[24...£d825.¥xf8 £xf8 26.e7 £f7 27.cxd5 ¦e8 28.¦e1 £xd5 29.£xf6=]
25.£e7 £c726.£xf6 ¦e8 27.¦e1
[27.cxd5 Again this move was possible. 27...£e7 28.£e5¦ad8
(28...cxd5 29.¦e1 
29.¥g5 ¦xd5 30.£xd5 cxd5 31.¥xe7 ¦xe7 32.¦e1¢g7 33.¦e5 ¢f6 34.¦xd5 ¢xe6 and Black has his king better placed and aqueenside pawn majority that gives him good chances.]
27...£e7 28.£e5 dxc429.¥g5 £f8 30.¥f6 b5 31.f4
[31.¦d1 ¦e7
(31...c3 32.e7 £f7 33.£xc3 
32.¥xe7 £xe7 33.¦d7 ¦d8! 34.£d4 ¦xd7 35.£xd7 ¢f8 36.£xc6=]
31...a5 32.f5 ¦a7 33.¦e3? Diagram:

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