BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Jail is a correctional institution to used to detain persons who are in the lawfulcustody of the government. This includes either accused persons awaiting trial or for those who have convicted of a crime. Jails are generally small prisons run by individualcountries and cities, though some jails in larger communities may be a large and hold asmany inmates as regular prisons. Jail is also a synonym for prison, especially when thefacility is of a similar size as a prison. As with prisons, some jails have different wingsfor certain types of offenders, and have work programs for inmates who demonstrategood behavior.
Prison policy was driven for much of that 20
century by a hope that the staff inthe environment would rehabilitate prisoners and fit them for a more productive life onrelease. In the 1970s a series of studies showed that this aim was not being achieved, andit become clear that stop were disillusioned with the concept. Rehabilitation is not nowsought as an active in a course of a prison sentence although limited facilities are madeavailable to prisoners, For example, to gain education, where the overcrowding of thesystem does not make it possible.Deterring crime is another function claimed for prisons, but for prisonersthemselves it seems to be a little effect. A larger than average number of offenders come