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b7 Transmission lines 2 -comm theorem

b7 Transmission lines 2 -comm theorem

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Published by hafiz azman

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Published by: hafiz azman on Mar 24, 2010
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09/21/2010

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Transmnission{nes
InmanycommunicationssystenN, it is oftennecessaryo: inierconnectpointsthat arelomeli'lrlltcapan from each olhcr. The',nionnectionetweentransmittcrand its an-rennasalypical \amfleolthis. Iflhc tre-quencyshigh enough. uchadistancemay\rellbecomen appreciable rallion oflhcwavclcngLhcingpropagared.t rhen be-comesecessaryo consider hcPropertiesf'the nierconnectilgwircs, sinccthcse nolongeiehaves short circuits. Itwillbocomcelidenl halthesite, separation ndgenerallayour f tfie sysremfrviresecomes ignifi-caniunder theseconditions.
We willanalyzewircsystems hichhaveropcriicsh.ricanaffectignal harac-{eristics.hediscussionillbeginwith ur-damentalsndgoon o studyuchropcrties'as he chancteristit impeddnoef transmis-sior lines.The Smiti cfidrtand ts applica-iionswill bestudicdextandexamplesivenofthemanyproblemshatcanbesolved iihits aid.Finally,hechapterookst thevarious hAnsrnission-lineomponentsn com-mon use, notabfystlrs,ilircctionalcauplercandbalatrce-to-unfufurnceronsformers(baluns).
OBIECTIVES
{lpanNory etitlg ht nuterial in Chatter 7, the studeht ,ill he ubleo:Underotondhc thcory of tranlnrissionines ngeneral.Calculate hecharactedsticmpedance f atransmissionine.Defin€ he terhs rranrlirg wayer,standing-wawntio(SWR),andnotnelizdtiohlDeterminche equirctnenlsor impedance atching.Analyzeheprope(iesof impedance atching tubs.Becomehmillar with thc Smithcharl and tsuse.
BASICPRINCIPLES
linesinthe conlext fthis book) rc consideredo be nrpedance-match-designedo deliverpowerRF)rornhctransnittero theantenna, ndmoiimumignalrort the antennao the receivcr. rom sucha broaddefinirion,nyIB5
 
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slstenrojlvirescan be consjdereds ornrnrg neorlnorelar$issimhres.iLhepfopertiesf theserresmustbe aker ntoaacornt. lre inesnighr aswcllb{:araDgedlll somc irnple, onstanrar{crn.his lill nrakehepropLyricsucheasiofocatcu:lalc.and r will alsomake hcn con(ant brany ypeofrransmissi{nrine.Alt pmcLicaltransmissionincs arcarr ngcd n solncuniformpatLern. his sinrpljfiesalcularions,ruduic, (,.,LdndurJf.r.rr-r'n\cniuJr7"1,lFundanrentals of Troflsmission LinesThcrcarc wo typcs l coDrnronlyscd ransmisxionincs. hcparllel-wircba,uuceqlline isslrownn Figurc7-lb, and thc coaxialunbalanccd)ine in Figurc7-td.Thep4rullel-wireine s employed hcrcbalanoedropcflicsleequiredrorjn$tance.io connectingfoldcd-dinlcantennno a TV rcccivcrof I rr]or?ri.rnrennato an IF transmitter. he coaxial ine s l|scdwhenunbalmccdrcpetiesarcneedcd,as n tbe nterconnectioDl A broadcast.ansmittero itrigroundedntenn&. ts ahoemphyod.alUHFandmicrowavc'rcquencies,o avoidhe isk ol radiatio0romLhetran$mi$sionine t$clf.A)rysystem f conductorss ikell lo rldirleRF euergyl thoc(nrductorepam.tionappr(racheshalf-vr'avelengtht heoperutingfequency. his s iar nro|c ikety 0occur n aparallel-wircine han n a coaxialire,whose utcroonducn)ruuoundshoCHz, cithof wavcguidcs r coaxial incsoresed.(lctcndiogon rhe cquirenrcntsapplication,hcrcas avcguidcsrcnol nonnallysod cbw 1GHz,nd coa)dallircsarenot nonnally sedabove B CHzDescriptioD Withineachbrcadgrorpingor type o1 tr.$s:nissionmcthcresmastonishing arielyofdillcrcrt kinds, dictatedby variousapflicatjons.Abro{sedroughamanulaclurcr'sal.Llog illgraphicallyllustratehispoint.Itirvatirbshows,asdocsT,thle 7l for a numberof hres.the different brms oflinesconncctors.ogcLh$withthcir chaructcristics,alnrgsudapplicrtions.-irieinii
rigid or ilc/-iblc,aifspa.od offilled wirh(licrcnLdiclcc{fics. with smo{)rhorco'rgaledconductorsas he .:ircunrsraoces narrt. DjffercnLdinnrelers ndpro|)crtl.sr
 
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