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Use of management information sysytem in Office Automation

Use of management information sysytem in Office Automation

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Published by lucky
hey this is a project on how MIS is Useful for Office Automation hope it will help ypu any how in your projects & research by LUCKY & Dip
hey this is a project on how MIS is Useful for Office Automation hope it will help ypu any how in your projects & research by LUCKY & Dip

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Published by: lucky on Mar 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Information is one of the most important resources for managers. It adds tothe knowledge a person has about an entity of interest. For information tobe useful to managers, it must possess certain attributes, which includeaccuracy, timeliness, relevance and completeness. An information systemis a set of interrelated components working together to provide usefulinformation as needed by problem solvers and decision makers.The five components of an information system are: hardware, software,people, data, and procedures. There are five major types of informationsystems that serve the needs of different levels of managers in anorganization: transaction processing, office automation, managementinformation, decision support and executive support.
 A transaction
processing system is a computer-based information system that recordsand executes the routine day-to-day transactions required to conduct anbusiness. An office automation system facilitates communication throughout theorganization and increases the efficiency and productivity of managers andoffice workers through document and message processing. A decisionsupport system is an interactive computer system that provides managerswith the necessary information for making decisions. An executive support
system is a computer-based information system that supports decision-making at the top levels of an organization.
management information
system is a system that gathers data and organizes.
Office Automation system collects, processes, stores and transmits data andinformation in the form of electronic office communication
 Office Automation Sysytem could also be considered ascomputer-based information system that collects, process, store andtransmit electronic message, document and other form of communicationamong individual, work group and organizations.Office automation systems (OAS) are configurations of networkedcomputer hardware and software. A variety of office automation systemsare now applied to business and communication functions that used to beperformed manually or in multiple locations of a company, such aspreparing written communications and strategic planning. In addition,functions that once required coordinating the expertise of outsidespecialists in typesetting, printing, or electronic recording can now beintegrated into the everyday work of an organization, saving both time andmoney. A management information system (MIS) is a subset of the overall internalcontrol of a business covering the application of people, documents,technologies, and procedures by management accountants to solvebusiness problems such as costing a product, service or a business-widestrategy. Management information systems are distinct from regular information systems in that they are used to analyze other informationsystems applied in operational activities in the organization.
 Academically, the term is commonly used to refer to the group of information management methods tied to the automation or support of human decision making, e.g. Decision Support Systems, Expert systems,and Executive information systems. It has been described as "MIS 'lives' inthe space that intersects technology and business. MIS combines tech withbusiness to get people the information they need to do their jobsbetter/faster/smarter. Information is the lifeblood of all organizations - nowmore than ever. MIS professionals work as systems analysts, projectmanagers, systems administrators,etc., communicating directly with staff and management across the organization."
 An 'MIS' is a planned system of the collecting, processing, storing anddisseminating data in the form of information needed to carry out thefunctions of management. In a way it is a documented report of theactivities those were planned and executed. According to Philip Kotler "A marketing information system consists of people, equipment, and procedures to gather, sort, analyze, evaluate, anddistribute needed, timely, and accurate information to marketing decisionmakers."The terms MIS and information system are often confused. Informationsystems include systems that are not intended for decision making. Thearea of study called MIS is sometimes referred to, in a restrictive sense, asinformation technology management. That area of study should not beconfused with computer science. IT service management is a practitioner-focused discipline. MIS has also some differences with EnterpriseResource Planning (ERP) as ERP incorporates elements that are notnecessarily focused on decision support.Professor Allen S. Lee states that "...research in the information systemsfield examines more than the technological system, or just the socialsystem, or even the two side by side; in addition, it investigates thephenomena that emerge when the two interact."

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