The Single Transferable Vote (STV)
STV is a preferential voting system (as AV) in multi-member constituencies.Voters rank the candidates according to their preference, and each constituencyelects between three and five MPs, depending on its size. Those candidatesreaching a certain quota of votes are elected. Surplus votes for the electedcandidates and the votes for the least supported candidate are redistributed onthe basis of voters' second choices. This process continues until the requirednumber of MPs reach the necessary quota and are returned to parliament.
• STV is one of the most proportional systems, producing a result which closelyreflects the distribution of votes.• In Britain, a government would almost certainly have to be a coalition of parties, which could end destructive adversarialism (opposition for opposition'ssake) and produce consensual and moderate government, better reflecting thewishes of the people.• It retains a constituency link and, compared to other voting systems, ensuresthat many more voters are likely to have a meaningful vote which helps selectan MP from their constituency who represents their views.
• Opponents of STV argue that the coalition governments it is likely to produce inBritain would be weak, divided and indecisive.• Coalition governments tend to be created by political deals in "smoke-filledrooms" which the voters have no control over.• The government which emerges bears no relation to the individual partiesmost voters support.• STV is also a complex system which could confuse voters and take severaldays to calculate.• The large, multi-member constituencies erode the clear and direct linkbetween voters and their MP in single-member constituencies.
The Australian Senate, the Republic of Ireland, Tasmania, Maltaand for elections to the European Parliament.