Brain Computer InterfaceAbstract
The human brain is of the size of a
deflated volleyball which weighs about 3 pounds.We live at a time when the disabled are on the leading edge of a broader societaltrend toward the use of assistive technology known as Brain Computer Interface. Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a collaboration between a brain and a device that enables signals from the brain to direct some external activity, such as control of acursor or a prosthetic limb. The interface enables a direct communications pathwaybetween the brain and the object to be controlled With the advent of miniaturewireless tech, electronic gadgets have stepped up the invasion of the body throughinnovative techniques. Firstly This paper deals with as to how this mechanism issupported by the brain . In the later sections describes its applications ,current research on this technique ,real life examples and concluding it with its advantagesand drawbacks.
A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)provides a new communicationchannel between the human brainand the computer. The 100 billionneurons communicate via minuteelectrochemical impulses, shiftingpatterns sparking like fireflies on asummer evening, that producemovement, expression, words.Mental activity leads to changes of electrophysiological signals. TheBCI system detects such changes andtransforms it into a control signal.In the case of cursor control, forexample, the signal is transmitteddirectly from the brain to themechanism directing the cursor,rather than taking the normal routethrough the body's neuromuscularsystem from the brain to the fingeron a mouse. By reading signals froman array of neurons and usingcomputer chips and programs totranslate the signals into action, BCIcan enable a person suffering fromparalysis to write a book or control amotorized wheelchair or prostheticlimb through thought alone Manyphysiological disorders such asAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(ALS) or injuries such as high-levelspinal cord injury can disrupt thecommunication path between thebrain and the body. This is wherebrain computer interface comes intoplay contributing for beneficial realtime services and applications.
What is Brain ComputerInterface
The Wonder Machine – HumanBrainThe reason a BCI works at all isbecause of the way our brainsfunction. Our brains are filled withneurons, individual nerve cellsconnected to one another bydendrites and axons. Every time wethink, move, feel or remembersomething, our neurons are at work.That work is carried out by smallelectric signals that zip from neuron