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finite volume method ppt

finite volume method ppt

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Published by: mamadnamaie on Mar 25, 2010
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Simulation of Flow Past a Sphere using the Fluent Code
D.A. Jones and D.B. Clarke
Maritime Platforms Division
Defence Science and Technology OrganisationDSTO-TR-2232
We use the commercial computational fluid dynamics code Fluent to simulate the flowaround a sphere in several different flow regimes; steady-state laminar flow at a Reynoldsnumber (Re) of 100, time-dependent laminar flow at Re = 300, and turbulent flow at Re = 10
 and Re = 10
. These simulations provide a test of the ability of the code to accuratelyreproduce typical flow structures observed in generic bluff body flows, such as thoseexperienced by submarines and Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs). The simulations arecompared both with experimental results and computations from other computer codes and itis found that Fluent is able to accurately simulate the fluid behaviour in each of the aboveflow regimes.
Approved for public release
Published byMaritime Platforms DivisionDSTO Defence Science and Technology Organisation506 Lorimer StFishermans Bend, Victoria 3207 AustraliaTelephone: (03) 9626 7000Fax: (03) 9626 7999© Commonwealth of Australia 2008AR-014-365December 2008
Simulation of Flow Past a Sphereusing the Fluent Code
Executive Summary
The use of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes to simulate the flow aroundgeometrically complicated shapes such as aeroplanes, cars and ships has becomestandard engineering practice in the last few years. The computer code Fluent is acommercial CFD code which is used routinely by members of the HydrodynamicsGroup within DSTO’s Maritime Platforms Division (MPD) to simulate flows relevantto underwater vehicle design and surface ship wakes. In this report we test the abilityof the code to accurately simulate the flow around a sphere over a large range ofReynolds numbers (Re). This is a stringent test of the code as it involves a number ofvery different flow regimes, varying from laminar steady-state flow near Re = 100 totime-dependent turbulent flow at Re = 10
.These simulations are also intended to provide a benchmark comparison for the finitedifference CFD code Vortel, currently under development at Naval UnderwaterWarfare Center, Newport, Rhode Island in collaboration with researchers at MPD.Vortel is based on the Lagrangian Vorticity method and offers advantages overcommercial CFD codes for the simulation of flow around multiple bodies in relativemotion. It has already been used to simulate unmanned undersea vehicle dockingmanoeuvres, as well as unsteady bow thruster hydrodynamics and the unsteadyseparated flow fields past an oscillating airfoil.Four different flow regimes are studied in detail: steady-state laminar flow at Re = 100,time-dependent laminar flow at Re = 300, turbulent flow with laminar boundary layersat Re = 10
and turbulent flow with turbulent boundary layers at Re = 10
. Thesimulated flows were found to be in excellent agreement with both experimentalresults, where available, and with the results obtained by other authors using differentsimulation codes. The simulations described in this report illustrate the capability ofthe Fluent code to accurately reproduce typical flow structures observed on thisgeneric bluff body flow for both time independent/time-dependent andlaminar/turbulent flow regimes.

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