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Basic PHP Database MYSQL for Beginners

Basic PHP Database MYSQL for Beginners

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Published by Kantharaj.P
It is the backend to the PHP Program
It is the backend to the PHP Program

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Published by: Kantharaj.P on May 06, 2008
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07/04/2012

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*** PHP Database ***
 
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MySQL is the most popular open source database server.
What is MySQL?
MySQL is a database. A database defines a structure for storing information.In a database, there are tables. Just like HTML tables, database tables contain rows, columns, andcells.Databases are useful when storing information categorically. A company may have a databasewith the following tables: "Employees", "Products", "Customers" and "Orders".
Database Tables
A database most often contains one or more tables. Each table has a name (e.g. "Customers" or "Orders"). Each table contains records (rows) with data.Below is an example of a table called "Persons":
LastName FirstName Address City
HansenOlaTimoteivn 10SandnesSvendsonToveBorgvn 23SandnesPettersenKariStorgt 20Stavanger
The table above contains three records (one for each person) and four columns (LastName,FirstName, Address, and City).
Queries
A query is a question or a request.With MySQL, we can query a database for specific information and have a recordset returned.Look at the following query:
SELECT LastName FROM Persons
The query above selects all the data in the LastName column in the Persons table, and will returna recordset like this:
LastName
HansenSvendsonPettersen
Download MySQL Database
 
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If you don't have a PHP server with a MySQL Database, you can download MySQL for freehere:http://www.mysql.com/downloads/index.html
Facts About MySQL Database
One great thing about MySQL is that it can be scaled down to support embedded databaseapplications. Perhaps it is because of this reputation that many people believe that MySQL canonly handle small to medium-sized systems.The truth is that MySQL is the de-facto standard database for web sites that support hugevolumes of both data and end users (like Friendster, Yahoo, Google). Look athttp://www.mysql.com/customers/ for an overview of companies that use MySQL.
 
PHP MySQL Connect to a Database
The free MySQL Database is very often used with PHP.
Connecting to a MySQL Database
Before you can access and work with data in a database, you must create a connection to thedatabase.In PHP, this is done with the mysql_connect() function.
Syntax
mysql_connect(servername,username,password);
Parameter Description
servernameOptional. Specifies the server to connect to. Default value is"localhost:3306"usernameOptional. Specifies the username to log in with. Default value is thename of the user that owns the server processpasswordOptional. Specifies the password to log in with. Default is ""
Note:
There are more available parameters, but the ones listed above are the most important.Visit our fullPHP MySQL Referencefor more details.
Example
In the following example we store the connection in a variable ($con) for later use in the script.The "die" part will be executed if the connection fails:

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